Ref.,: 3/2001

 

Introduction

 

This
report covers human rights violations perpetrated by the Israeli occupation
forces against Palestinian civilians in the Occupied Palestinian Territories
during the period of January 10-17, 2001. 
During this period, the Israeli occupation forces shot dead seven
Palestinian civilians, including an 11-year-old child from Al-Bireh, who died
from an injury caused by an explosive bullet in the head fired by an Israeli
occupation forces sniper, on January 7, 2001. 
Additional martyrs included a 75-year-old man who died on January 11,
2001, due to massive inhalation of tear gas fired by the Israeli occupation
forces.  There was also a 17-year-old
retarded boy, who was killed by the Israeli occupation forces in the village of
Khozaa’, to the east of Khan Yunis. 
Furthermore, seventeen Palestinian civilians, including ten children
under 15, three under 17, and a 65-year-old man, were wounded with live
ammunition fired by the Israeli occupation forces.

 

During
the same period, the Israeli occupation forces continued to resort to the use
of lethal force, opening fire on Palestinian civilians and firing artillery
shells and heavy and medium bullets at Palestinian houses.  This resulted in severe damage to properties,
especially in Khan Younis, where dozens of Palestinian families were already
homeless due to continued systematic shelling by the Israeli occupation forces
of their homes.

 

The same
period witnessed a significant escalation in attacks launched by armed
settlers, under full protection by the Israeli occupation forces, against
Palestinian civilians and their properties. 
On January 15, 2001, hundreds of armed settlers burst into the Al-Mawasi
(agricultural) area in Khan Yunis, which is under the control of the Israeli
occupation forces, opening fire on Palestinian houses.  They set fire to a number of houses, civilian
facilities and greenhouses, and razed land under cultivation.

 

Furthermore,
in the northern and middle areas of the Gaza Strip and in Gaza City, Israeli
occupation forces razed more areas of Palestinian agricultural land and
demolished more Palestinian houses and civilian facilities.

 

Finally,
the Israeli occupation forces continued to impose a total siege on the occupied
Palestinian territories.  They continued
to close international crossings and the Gaza International Airport, and to
prohibit the movement of persons and goods between the West Bank and the Gaza
Strip.  Additionally, the Israeli
occupation forces continued to impose a strict internal siege on cities and
areas under the control of the Palestinian National Authority, isolating them
from one another, and from the rest of the occupied Palestinian territories.


 

 1. Shooting at Palestinian
Civilians

 

Wednesday, January 10, 2001

 

In
the evening, at approximately 22:30 local time, Israeli occupation soldiers
opened fire on Ahmed Jehad Mohammed El-Daghmeh, 17 years old, from the village
of Khozaa’ to the east of Khan Yunis. 
The boy was mentally retarded. He was hit with three live bullets in the
legs.  PCHR’s field officer in Khan Yunis
reported that the boy was passing near the border between the Gaza Strip and
Israel, to the east of the village of Khozaa’ in Khan Yunis, when a patrol of
the Israeli occupation forces at the border opened fire on him.  The boy was evacuated to Nasser hospital in
Khan Yunis.

 

Thursday, January 11, 2001

 

In
the afternoon, at approximately 13:00 local time, about 100 Palestinian
children demonstrated near the municipality park to the west of Al-Nemsawi
(Austrian) neighborhood in Khan Yunis. 
They threw stones at a military position of the Israeli occupation
forces, 250m to the west.  PCHR’s field
officer in Khan Yunis reported that the Israeli occupation forces fired live
ammunition and tear gas canisters towards demonstrators.  As a result the following children were
wounded:

 1) Helmi Mohammed Helmi, 12
years old, wounded with a live bullet in the right testicle.  He was evacuated to Nasser hospital where his
testicle had to be removed.

 2) Hussam El-Qazzaz, 15 years
old, wounded with shrapnel from a live bullet in the hand.

 

In
the evening, at approximately 18:00 local time, clashes erupted in the village
of Seilat Al-Zhaher, in Jenin, between Palestinian civilians and the Israeli
occupation forces. These forces fired live ammunition, rubber-coated metal
bullets, and tear gas canisters. At the same time, Mohammed Sae’id Hannoun
Ghanem, 75 years old, was passing near the female secondary school in the
village, 100m away from the area of clashes. 
The elderly man suffocated to death from tear gas inhaled from the sight
of the clashes.

 

 

Friday, January 12, 2001

 

In
the morning, at approximately 7:00 local time, about 50 Palestinian children
gathered near a cemetery in Khan Yunis and threw stones at Israeli occupation
forces positioned in a military site, near Neve Dekalim settlement.  These forces fired live ammunition,
rubber-coated metal bullets, and tear gas canisters towards demonstrators.  As a result, three children and an elderly
man were wounded as follows:

 1) The child Khalil Ismail
Madhi, 14 years old, was wounded with a live bullet in the left leg, when he
was 200m away from the mentioned military site of the Israeli occupation
forces.

 2) The child Haitham Hisham
Wadi, 11 years old, was wounded with a rubber-coated metal bullet in the head.

 3) The child Mohammed Hulail
Zourob, 8 years old, was wounded with a live bullet in the thigh.

 4) Nazhir Khalil Shaat, 65
years old, was wounded with shrapnel in the right buttock.

 

After Friday prayer, a number of Palestinian civilians demonstrated at
Al-Shalla Street in Hebron, about 50m away from the line of contiguity,
separating areas under the control of the Palestinian National Authority and
those under the control of the Israeli occupation forces in the city.  The Israeli occupation forces fired live
ammunition and rubber-coated metal bullets at Palestinian demonstrators,
wounding the child Mohammed Yahia El-Atrash, 15 years old, with a rubber-coated
metal bullet in the forehead from a distance of 50m.  According to eyewitnesses, the Israerli
occupation forces pentrated 30m inside areas under the control of the
Palestinian National Authority, shooting dead Shaker Faisal Hassouna, 23 years
old, from Jerusalem, with two live bullets in the jaw and the chest from a
distance of about 30m.  Television
cameras showed the hideousness and barbarism of Israeli occupation soldiers who
did not offer necessary medical aid to Hassouna and pulled him on the ground
for a distance of more than 15m to a settlement center in the old city of
Hebron, known as “Beit Hadasa.”  The
Israeli occupation forces detained the body of martyr Hassouna for one day, not
handing it over to the Palestinian side until 17:00 local time on the following
day.

 

To
the east of Gaza City, dozens of Palestinian children demonstrated after Friday
prayer, 150m away from the area where Israeli occupation forces were positioned
near the road used by settlers close to the Al-Montar (Karni) crossing into
Israel.  The Israeli occupation forces
fired live ammunition and tear gas canisters, wounding the child Abdel-Karim A’ahed
Mushtaha, 12 years old, from Gaza City, with shrapnel from live ammunition in
the back and the neck.  He was evacuated
to Shifa’ hospital in Gaza City. 
Additionally, more than ten children were partially suffocated due to
massive tear gas inhalation.

      

 

Saturday, January 13, 2001

 

At approximately 11:00 local time, Israeli occupation
forces positioned at a branch road of Al-Shuhada’ (Netzarim) junction leading
to Netzarim settlement in the west, to the south of Gaza City, opened fire on a
number of Palestinian civilians.  The
civilians were demonstrating in Al-Moghraqa area, to the south of the
aforementioned road.  As a result, the
child Hassan Fae’q Mohammed Abu El-Haj, 12 years old, from Nusseirat, was
wounded with a live bullet in the back. 
He was evacuated to Shifa’ hospital in Gaza City.

 

Sunday, January 14, 2001

 

In the morning, at approximately 9:00 local time,
Israeli occupation forces positioned at the entrance of Erez industrial zone in
the north of the Gaza Strip, opened fire on Palestinian laborers.  Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed El-Shanbari, 20 years
old, from Beit Hanoun was wounded, with a live bullet that tore through an
artery in his left leg.  PCHR’s field officer
in the northern area of the Gaza Strip reported that Palestinian laborers of
the industrial zone had been gathered at its entrance since 6:00 local
time.  They were shouting, and protesting
against humiliating security procedures carried out by the Israeli occupation
forces.  These forces closed the
industrial zone, prohibiting the entry of Palestinian laborers, and chaos
spread.  Then, the Israeli occupation
forces opened fire on the Palestinian, wounding the above-mentioned laborer,
who was evacuated to Shifa’ hospital in Gaza City.

 

In the evening, at approximately 18:00 local time,
the child Omar Farouq Khaled, 11 years old, from Al-Bireh, was pronounced dead
at Ramallah hospital.  The child Khaled
was hit with an explosive bullet in the head fired by the Israeli occupation
forces on January 7, 2001.  According to
eyewitnesses, at 11:00 local time on Sunday, January 7, 2001 a sniper from the
Israeli occupation forces fired at the child from an observation tower.  The tower was about 200m away, at the
northern entrance of Al-Bireh.

    

Monday, January 15, 2001

 

In
the morning, at approximately 11:00 local time, Rae’d Smir Jendeya, 18 years
old, from Al-Sharjeeya neighborhood in Gaza City, was wounded with two live
bullets in the back and the left arm fired by the Israeli occupation
forces.  In the morning, the Israeli
occupation forces started to raze areas of agricultural land near a road used
by settlers, to the east of Gaza City. 
PCHR’s field officer in the area reported that about 20 Palestinian
young men and children demonstrated in the area.  The Israeli occupation forces fired at them,
wounding Jendeya.

 

In
the evening, at approximately 17:00 local time, the Israeli occupation forces
penetrated into the village of Salem in Nablus. 
Palestinian civilians, resident of the village, faced these forces.  The Israeli occupation forces opened fire on
Palestinian civilians, killing Madhi A’ahed Abdullah Shehadeh, 24 years old,
with a live bullet in the chest from a far distance.

 

Tuesday, January 16, 2001

 

In the morning, at approximately 10:00 local time, dozens of Palestinian
children demonstrated, 150m from an area where Israeli occupation forces were
positioned, close to a road used by settlers near the Al-Montar (Karni)
crossing into Israel, to the east of Gaza City. 
During clashes, which lasted sporadically until 17:00 local time, the
Israeli occupation forces fired live ammunition wounding five children as
follows:

 1) The child Mohammed Tayseer
Abu A’jweh, 14 years old, from Al-Sharjaeeya neighborhood, was wounded with a
live bullet in the left leg.

 2) The child Khamis Ismail El
Aiyoubi, 14 years old, from Al-Sharjaeeya neighborhood, was wounded with a live
bullet in the right leg.

 3) Rami Zeid Sebeita, 17
years old, from Al- Sharjaeeya neighborhood, was wounded with two live bullets
in the two knees.

 4) The child Sae’d Salman
El-Khouli, 15 years old, from Al- Sharjaeeya neighborhood, was wounded with a
live bullet in the left leg.

 5) Zakaria Mohammed El-Jamal,
17 years old, from Jabalia, was wounded with a live bullet in the left thigh.

 

Wednesday, January 17, 2001

 

In the morning, at approximately 11:00 local time, Israeli occupation
forces positioned near Al-Montar (Karni) crossing, to the east of Gaza City
opened fire on a sanitation truck from the Gaza Municipality, from a distance
of more than 200m.  A live bullet
penetrated the windshield, wounding the driver Mosbah Joudeh El-Sheikh, 48
years old, from Al-Zaytoun neighborhood in Gaza City, with shrapnel in the
neck.  He was evacuated to Shifa’
hospital in Gaza City.

 

 2. Shelling of Residential
Neighborhoods

 

Thursday, January 11, 2001

 

At night,
at approximately 23:00 local time, Israeli occupation forces positioned at
Al-Tuffah roadblock, separating Khan Younis from its Al-Mawasi (agricultural)
area (which is under the control of these forces), fired four artillery shells
and many heavy and medium bullets at Palestinian houses in the west of the
refugee camp of Khan Yunis.   This
particular attack lasted until 1:30 local time on the following day.  PCHR’s field officer in Khan Yunis reported
that two artillery shells hit a 175-square-meter, asbestos-roofed house, in
which 11 people live, owned by Abdullah Ali Abu Akker.  As a result, the asbestos roof of his
children’s bedroom, was burnt and completely destroyed, and his son Ahmed, 18
years old, was wounded with shrapnel.  He
was evacuated to Al-Amal medical center, a Palestinian Red Crescent Society
hospital in Khan Yunis.

 

Friday, January 12, 2001

 

After
a 3:00 am (local time), after a fire fight between Israeli occupation forces,
positioned in a military site in the vicinity of Neve Dekalim settlement, in
the west of Khan Yunis, and Palestinian gunmen; Israeli occupation forces
shelled housing units owned by the Al-Farra Company.  They fired four artillery shells, and several
heavy and medium bullets.  The shells
added more holes to the already riddled façades of these buildings.  Artillery shells and bullets also hit the
fence of a cemetery, to the east of the military post of the Israeli occupation
forces.

 

Monday, January 15, 2001

 

In the evening, at approximately
21:00 local time, the Israeli occupation forces fired more than 20 artillery
shells and many heavy and medium bullets at Palestinian houses in the west of
the refugee camp of Khan Yunis.  PCHR’s
field officer reported that the sources of the fire, which lasted until 3:00
local time on the following day, were the Israeli occupation forces military
posts in the vicinity of Al-Tuffah roadblock and those near Neve Dekalim
settlement.  This resulted in severe
damage to some Palestinian houses, which their residents had already left in
the past weeks due to continuous shelling. 
Damages were as follows:

 1) An artillery shell destroyed the asbestos roof of a
350-square-meter home, in which 30 people live, owned by Mahmoud Hamad Abu
Radhwan.

 2) Three artillery shells and some bullets made holes in walls
of a 130-square-meter, two-story house, in which 10 people live, owned by
A’adel Ali Abu Obeida.

 3)  Artillery shells and
bullets made holes in walls of a five-story house, in which 18 people live,
owned by A’adel ALI Abu Obeida.

 4) An artillery shell hit a 130-square-meter, one-story house,
in which 13 people live, owned by Jamil Sha’ban El-Tabesh, making holes 30cm in
diameter in walls.

 5) An artillery shell hit a 130-square-meter, asbestos-roofed
house, in which three people live, owned by Omar Jaber Mustafa Hejjo,
destroying the asbestos roof and damaging water storage tanks and a television
aerial.

 6) An artillery shell hit a 100-square-meter, asbestos-roofed
house, in which six people live, owned by Wae’l Jaber Mustafa Hejjo, destroying
the asbestos roof.

 7) Shrapnel from an artillery shell hit the house of Halim
Salim Hejjo, damaging water storage tanks and making holes in the asbestos
roof.

 8) An artillery shell hit a 100-square-meter, asbestos-roofed
house, in which three people live, owned by Ali Mahmoud Abu Shoqeir, destroying
the asbestos roof and damaging water storage tanks.

 9) An artillery shell and some bullets hit an 80-square-meter,
two-story house, in which 11 people live, owned by Suleiman Hassan Abu
Mukheimer, making holes 15cm in diameter in external walls, and 3cm in diameter
in internal ones.

 10) An artillery shell and some bullets hit a 200-square-meter,
asbestos-roofed house, in which 22 people live, owned by Jaber Mohammed Abu
Radhwan, making holes in walls and destroying the asbestos roof.

 11) An artillery shell and bullets hit a 200-square-meter,
asbestos-roofed house, in which 10 people live, owned by E’mad Abdel-Karim Abu
Obeida, making holes in walls and destroying the asbestos roof.

 12) An artillery shell hit a commercial store owned by Fayeq Oudeh
Abu Akker, making holes 20cm in diameter in its door.

 

Tuesday, January 16, 2001

 

In the evening, at approximately
19:00 local time, Israeli occupation forces positioned in the vicinity of
Netzarim settlement, to the south of Gaza City, fired artillery shells and
heavy and medium bullets at Palestinian houses and agricultural land, to the
northwest of the settlement.  PCHR’s
field officer in the area reported that the shelling lasted until midnight and
targeted a 150-square-meter gas station, which was also home to a four-story
building used as offices.  These targets,
owned by Al-Je’el Company, were 800m away from military sites of the Israeli
occupation forces.  The company had
already left the gas station and the offices due to prior attacks.  The shelling made holes more than one meter
in diameter in eastern walls of the second, the third and the fourth floors,
and holes 30cm in diameter in western walls of the second floor.

 

Wednesday, January 17, 2001

 

In
the evening, at approximately 22:00 local time, five tanks of the Israeli
occupation forces moved from the area of Rafah Border Crossing to the west
along the border between the Gaza Strip and Egypt.  They opened fire on Palestinian houses
adjacent to the border in Al-Salam, Al-Barazil and Qeshta neighborhoods and
Block “O” in Rafah.  These tanks also
fired artillery shells that hit two houses in Qeshta neighborhood at
approximately 23:00 local time, as follows:

 1) Two artillery shells hit a
140-square-meter, two-story house, in which 20 people live, 70m to the north of
the border, owned by Hamad Hamdan Hassan Qeshta.  They made holes 20cm in diameter in
walls.  None of the residents were there
as they had left it in the previous weeks due to frequent shelling.

 2)  Two artillery shells hit a 120-square-meter,
two-story house, in which 13 people live, 70m to the north of the border, owned
by Hamad Hamdan Hassan Qeshta.  They made
holes 20cm in diameter in the walls. 
None of the residents were there as they had left in the past weeks due
to frequent shelling.

 

 3. Settlers Launch barbarious
Attacks on Properties of Palestinian Citizens in the Al-Mawasi area in Khan
Younis

             

 

On January 15, 2001, dozens of
settlers from the Gush Qatif settlement Block burst into the Al-Mawasi
(agricultural) area in the west of Khan Yunis, which is under the control of
the Israeli occupation forces, and attacked the properties of Palestinian
citizens at the seashore and in Al-Mawasi area. 
According to eyewitnesses, settlers attacked the area on Monday, January
15, 2001, in the afternoon, at approximately 12:30 local time, under the
protection of the Israeli occupation forces. 
They started to attack Palestinian civilian facilities, houses, and
agricultural land.  Eyewitnesses added
that settlers opened fire on Palestinian houses, set fire to three of these
houses and some greenhouses, and destroyed irrigation networks on agricultural
land.  They also set fire to some
restaurants and cafés at the seashore. 
The Israeli occupation forces only intervened to put an end to the
attack after two hours.  By then it was
too late.  They had already terrified
Palestinian citizens and caused massive destruction as follows:

 

 1) They burned a
300-square-meter house owned by Sayed Abdullah Al-Najjar.

 2) They burned a
150-square-meter house, in which five people live, owned by Ibrahim Yousef
El-Lahham.

 3) They burned a
300-square-meter house, in which 12 people live, owned by Awwad Khamis
Al-Najjar.

 4) They set fire to a
commercial store of agricultural tools, owned Rafiq Abdel-Razeq El-Majaydeh.  Palestinian citizens put the fire out.

 5) They destroyed an
irrigation network and a water pump on a tract of agricultural land, opposite
to the entrance of Neve Dekalim settlement, owned by children of Abdel-Rahaman
Al-Farra.  PCHR’s field officer in Khan Yunis
reported that attacking this tract of land was the starting point of the
attacks launched by settlers.

 6) They destroyed an
irrigation network on agricultural land owned by Sabri Al-Najjar.

 7) They burned a restaurant
on the seashore owned by Rae’d Riadh El-Mayouk.

 8) They burned a restaurant
on the seashore owned by Abdullah El-Desouqi.

 9) They burned a restaurant
on the seashore owned by Mohammed Saleh El-Lahham.

 10) They burned a restaurant on the seashore owned by Tariq Mustafa
El-Majaydeh.

 11) They burned a restaurant on the seashore owned by Ibrahim Omar
El-Majaydeh.

 12) They burned a restaurant on the seashore owned by A’dnan Hassan Sha’at.

 13) They burned two greenhouses on a two-donum area of agricultural land
owned by Samir Joma’a Al-Najjar.

 14) They broke the windshield of a Mercedes automobile owned by Hamada
Abdel-A’al Al-Najjar.

 

In the
evening of the same day, at approximately 18:00 local time, about 500 settlers
gathered at the entrance of Neve Dekalim settlement, and then dispersed into
Al-Mawasi area.  They continued their
attacks on the properties of Palestinian citizens, under the protection of the
Israeli occupation forces.  The new
attacks, which lasted until 2:00 local time on the following day, resulted in:

 

 1) Razing a three-donum area of agricultural land planted with guavas and a
greenhouse planted with vegetables owned by Ibrahim El-Shae’r.

 2) Razing six greenhouses on a 6.5-donum area of agricultural land owned by
Salim Abdel-Mo’ti El-Salqawi.

 3) Razing a two-donum area of agricultural land planted with guavas and palms
owned by Khalil Abdel-Shafouq El-A’badleh.

 4) Razing a two-donum area of agricultural land planted with guavas and
demolishing three stores and a part of a bird farm, owned by Hhassan
El-A’badleh.

 5) Burning two greenhouses planted with vegetables owned by Mohammed
Mohammed El-Zeq.

 6) Partially burning two greenhouses planted with vegetables owned by E’id
Zourob.

 7) Destroying a greenhouse planted with vegetables owned by E’zzat Tafiq
El-Astal.

 8) Burning and destroying a room and a water pump owned by Saqer El-Agha.

 9) Demolishing a room, destroying a well and a water pump, and razing a
one-donum area of agricultural land planted with guavas, owned by Mohammed Omar
El-Astal.

 10) Attempting to burn
Al-A’qqad mosque.  Settlers set fire to
an umbrella adjacent to it, but Palestinian citizens put the fire out.

 

In the evening of Sunday, January 14, 2001, and in
the morning of the following day, the Israeli occupation forces searched
Palestinian houses in the Al-Mawasi area in Khan Yunis.  They arrested Sabri Sayed Abdullah Al-Najjar,
40 years old.  These forces were heavily
deployed in the area, preventing Palestinian citizens from getting out of their
houses.  They closed the two roads
connecting Al-Mawasi with Rafah and Khan Yunis (Tal Al-Sultan roadblock in
Rafah and Al-Tuffah roadblock in Khan Yunis), and all of the muddy back roads.

 

 4. Razing of Agricultural
Land and Demolition of Houses

 

Friday, January 12, 2001

 

The Israeli occupation forces started to raze areas
of agricultural land, and to demolish houses and agricultural facilities, in
the northwest of Beit Lahia, and to the west of Elli Sinai settlement, in the
northern area of the Gaza Strip.  Razing
of these areas continued during the following two days.  PCHR’s field officer in the northern area of
the Gaza Strip reported that this particular action included areas of wooded
land 1,700m long and 350 wide, about 595 donums in total.  They also razed Palestinian public
properties.  A part of the razed areas
were properties owned by Palestinian citizens which the Israeli occupation
forces had prevented from being farmed.

 

Monday, January 15, 2001

 

In the morning, at approximately 9:00 local time,
the Israeli occupation forces resumed razing areas of agricultural land along
the road between Al-Shuhada’ (Netzarim) junction, to the south of Gaza City,
and the Al-Montar (Karni) crossing, to the east of Gaza City.  The Israeli occupation forces razed:

 

 1) A 10-donum area of
agricultural land planted with olives, which was part of an 18-donum area of
agricultural land owned by Ghazala Mohammed Khoweiter.  The other part of the land, which was planted
with olives and on which two green houses planted with vegetables had stood,
was razed by the Israeli occupation forces last month.  The Israeli occupation forces demolished a
100-square-meter, two-story building, whose first floor housed a well and a
storage space for agricultural equipment. 
The second floor was a home, which its owners had vacated some weeks
ago.  In addition, an irrigation network
was destroyed.

 2) A one-donum area of agricultural
land planted with olives, and a 320-square-meter bird farm, owned by Yousef
Malaka and his son.

 

In the evening, at approximately, 19:00 local time,
the Israeli occupation forces started to raze areas of agricultural land and to
demolish houses on the northern side of a branch road of Salah El-Din Street
(the main road between the north and west of the Gaza Strip).  The road lead to the Gush Qatif settlement
block in the west.  The destroyed areas
sat 2km to the west of Al-Matahen junction. 
The razing, which lasted until 23:00 local time included:

 1) An 11-donum area of
agricultural land planted with guavas, and on a part of which four greenhouses
planted with vegetables stood.  It was
owned by Shehdeh Abu Khousa.

 2) A ten-donum area of
agricultural land, on which greenhouses planted with vegetables stood, owned by
Khalil El-Salqawi.

 3) A 13-donum area of
agricultural land, most of which planted with guavas, and on which four
greenhouses planted with vegetables stood. 
It was owned by Hassan El-Abadleh.

 4) A 15-donum area of
agricultural land, on which greenhouses planted with vegetables stood, owned by
Yousef El-Salqawi.

 5) A 20-donum area of
agricultural land planted with vegetables and palms, owned by Yousef El-Astal.

 6) A three-donum area of
land, on which two bird farms had stood, owned by Khalil Kassab.

 7) A seven-donum area of
agricultural land, most of which planted with vegetables, owned by Mansour
El-Aa’raj.  In addition, a
100-square-meter animal farm was demolished and its animals were killed.

 

The Israeli occupation forces also demolished three
Palestinian houses as follows:

 1) A 150-square-meter,
one-story house, in which ten people live, owned by Khalil Kassab.

 2) A 200-square-meter,
one-story house, in which seven people live, owned by Mousa Mohammed Mansour.

 3) A 180-square-meter,
one-story house, in which eight people live, owned by Ahmed El-Aa’raj.

 

Wednesday, January 17, 2001

 

In the morning, at approximately 7:00 local time,
the Israeli occupation forces resumed razing areas of agricultural land in the
area of Al-Mawasi in Deir El-Balah, continuing an operation they had started on
January 15, 2001.  PCHR’s field officer
in the middle area reported that the Israeli occupation forces are establishing
a new settlement road in the area.  The
razing, which lasted until 17:00 local time, included:

 1) A seven-donum area of
agricultural land planted with vegetables, palms, and guavas, owned by Salim
Abdel-Mo’ti El-Salqawi. 

 2) A four-donum area of
agricultural land planted with vegetables and guavas, owned by Ayyoub El-Abadleh.

 3) A six-donum area of
agricultural land planted with palms and guavas, owned by Radhwan Mustafa
El-Abadleh.

 4) A ten-donum area of
agricultural land planted with vegetables, palms and guavas, owned by
Abdel-Hakim Mustafa El-Abadleh.

 5) A two-donum area of agricultural
land planted with vegetables, owned by Ahmed El-Abadleh.

 6) A ten-donum area of
agricultural land planted with palms and guavas, and on a part of which
greenhouses planted with vegetables stood, owned by Abdel-Latif El-Abadleh.

 7) A four-donum area of agricultural
land planted with palms and guavas, owned by Akram El-Abadleh.

 8) A 20-donum area of
agricultural land planted with palms and guavas, and on a part of which
greenhouses planted with vegetables stood, owned by Abdel-Hamid
El-Abadleh.  In addition, an agricultural
pool and an irrigation pump were destroyed.

 

 

 5. Reinforcing Military Sites
and Imposing Restrictions on Free Movement

 

On
Friday, January 12, 2001, at approximately 7:00 local time, the Israeli
occupation forces took over a Palestinian house, about 50m to the south of the
branch road of Salah El-Din Street leading to Kissufim crossing in the
east.  The two-story house is 300m to the
east of Salah El-Din Street in Al-Qarara, and owned by Sae’id Mabrouk.  PCHR’s field officer in Khan Yunis reported
that the Israeli occupation forces destroyed its doors, and transformed the
house into a military barracks.  They
also ordered the residents of a nearby house not to go up to the roof and not
to open windows opposite to the house they had just taken over.

 

At
the same time, the Israeli occupation forces evicted Salman Salem Hamad Hajjaj
from his home, which they took over on November 28, 2001.  PCHR’s field officer in the middle area
reported that these forces caused severe damage to furniture and property in
the house.  He added that the Israeli
occupation forces were still occupying two houses, which they had transformed
into military barracks.  The houses are
located along the road leading from Gush Qatif settlement block to the  Kissufim crossing, and are owned by Mahmoud
Abu Saqer and Ahmed Al-Semeiri.  The
Israeli occupation forces established another military barracks on the roof of
a building in which there is water motor, owned by Suleiman Abu Shammas.

 

On
Monday January 15, 2001, in the evening, the Israeli occupation forces closed
more than 20 branch roads used by Palestinian farmers to move between their
farms in the Al-Mawasi area near Khan Yunis, with concrete blocks.  They also established a new military site and
an observation point in the Al-Mawasi area (in the Tal Reidan area on the
seashore).

 

On
Tuesday, January 16, 2001, in the afternoon, the Israeli occupation forces
established a sandy barrier, 700m long, from Al-Berka area in Deir El-Balah to
the coastal road.  This sandy barrier separates
Deir El-Balah completely from the Al-Mawasi area.  The Israeli occupation forces also
established a number of observation points along this sandy barrier to tighten
their grip on the area and to prohibit movement towards it.

 

Furthermore,
the Israeli occupation forces continued to impose a total siege on the occupied
Palestinian territories.  In the Gaza
Strip, the siege included:

 1) Closing the Rafah border
crossing which was reopened on January 11, 2001, was closed on January 15,
2001, and was opened again on January 17, 2001.

 2) Closing Gaza International
Airport, which was partially reopened on January 12, 2001, was closed on
January 15, 2001, and was opened again on January 17, 2001 to work for only six
hours a day.

 3) Closing the Beit Hanoun
(Erez) crossing.

 4) Closing the Al-Montar
(Karni) crossing to commercial traffic. 
It was reopened on January 17, 2001.

 5) Closing the Sofa crossing
for construction materials.  It was
reopened on January 17, 2001.

 

Tanks
and armored vehicles were still positioned at the entrances of Palestinian
cities and on the main roads, imposing a strict siege on all Palestinian cities
in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.  The
areas under the control of the Palestinian National Authority were isolated
from one another and from the rest of the occupied Palestinian
territories.  The Israeli occupation
forces continued to close the Al-Karama border crossing between the West Bank
and Jordan.  In the Gaza Strip, the
Israeli occupation forces tightened its siege, dividing the Strip into three separate
areas: the northern area and Gaza City; the middle area; and Rafah and Khan
Younis.

 

Furthermore,
the Israeli occupation forces continued to impose a siege on the Al-Mawasi area
in the west of Khan Yunis and Rafah, which is under the control of these
forces, restricting the movement of its Palestinian residents.  On Wednesday, January 17, 2001, the Israeli
occupation forces opened a branch road between Khan Younis and the middle area,
and Al-Shuhada junction on Salah El-Din Street, to the south of Gaza City.  These new procedures allowed a limited number
of Palestinian citizens to move between the above-mentioned areas.  (For more information on the siege and its
disastrous impacts on Palestinian civilians, see Closure Update, issued by
PCHR).

 

PCHR
reiterates its call for the international community to immediately intervene to
stop the killings and criminal acts perpetrated by the Israeli occupation
forces against Palestinian civilians. 
PCHR calls in particular for:

 

1. Establishing without delay
an independent commission of inquiry, in accordance with UN Security Council
resolution 1322 (2000), to carry out a thorough and comprehensive investigation
into the abuses and killings perpetrated by the Israeli occupation forces
against Palestinian civilians.

2. Convening a conference of
the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 to ensure
Israel’s compliance with its obligations under the Convention.

3. Immediately providing
international protection for Palestinian civilians in the occupied Palestinian
territories in the face of the killings and criminal acts perpetrated by the
Israeli occupation forces and groups of Jewish settlers who move under the
protection of these forces.

4. Use by the EU of effective
political and economic measures with reference to Article 2 of the Euro-Israel
Association Agreement, which calls for the respect of human rights.

5. Providing humanitarian and
medical assistance for the Palestinian people whose living conditions are
increasingly deteriorating because of the continued total siege imposed by the
Israeli occupation forces on the entire occupied Palestinian territories.

 

 

 

 

For
more information on the Al-Aqsa Intifada, see:

www.pchrgaza.org