Introduction

 

This report covers Israeli violations of human rights in the Occupied
Palestinian Territories (OPT) from August 23-29, 2001. According to PCHR’s investigations Israeli
occupation forces escalated their attacks against Palestinian civilians and
property during this week. 
Israeli
occupation forces assassinated one of the most prominent Palestinian political
leaders, Abu Ali Mustafa, Secretary General of the Popular Front for the
Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). They
also penetrated into areas under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian National
Authority, in the largest incursions since the start of the Intifada,
especially in Rafah and Bethlehem.
 
Attacks by the Israeli occupation forces included:

1) Continued shooting at Palestinian civilians protesting
throughout the OPT;

2) Shooting at Palestinian civilians without any clashes
nearby;

3) Continued shelling of Palestinian civilian and
security facilities by tanks, warplanes and surface-to-surface missiles;

4) Continued assassinations and extra-judicial killings against
Palestinians;

5) More incursions into areas under the jurisdiction of
the Palestinian National Authority;

6) Killing of a Palestinian civilian by Jewish settlers;

7) More demolitions of houses and civilian facilities;

8) More arrests of Palestinians;

9) Continued siege on the OPT and closure of Rafah
Border Crossing.[1]

Despite increasing
international criticism, Israeli occupation forces continued to carry out a
policy of liquidating those whom the Israeli government considers “activists of
the Intifada.” This week witnessed the
assassination of one of the most prominent Palestinian political leaders.

 

On
Monday, August 27, 2001, Israeli occupation forces assassinated one of the most
prominent Palestinian political leaders, Abu Ali Mustafa, Secretary General of
the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). This horrible crime is a turning point in the
Israeli government’s assassination policy. Previous assassinations targeted those described by the Israeli
government as “Intifada activists,” but this time the target was one of the
most prominent Palestinian political leaders, and a symbol of the national
struggle. Israeli combat helicopters
fired two rockets at the office of Secretary General of the PFLP, killing him
instantly.

 

On Thursday morning, August 23, 2001, Israeli
occupation forces attempted to assassinate Colonel Jihad ‘Abdullah El-Massimi, 46,
from Balata refugee camp in Nablus, an activist of Fatah Movement. He and his bodyguard survived after a rocket
fired by an Israeli combat helicopter hit his car.

 

Israeli occupation forces
continued to penetrate into areas under the full control of the Palestinian
National Authority, especially in Rafah and Bethlehem. On Wednesday, August 29, 2001, Israeli
occupation forces penetrated deep into areas under the jurisdiction of the
Palestinian National Authority in Rafah. Early in the morning, Israeli occupation forces, reinforced with tanks
and military vehicles, coming from Sofa Crossing east of Rafah, penetrated into
the northeast of Rafah. They moved 3km
to the west up to Salah El-Din Street (the main road between the north and
south of the Gaza Strip). Tanks of the
Israeli occupation forces were positioned on five sites on both sides of Salah
El-Din Street, surrounded by sand barriers. PCHR fears that these actions are setting the stage for Israeli
occupation forces to control the area and establish roadblocks to isolate
Rafah, similar to the situation between Khan Yunis and Deir El-Balah.

 

On Wednesday, August 29, 2001, the Israeli occupation
forces penetrated 200m into Al-Sha’er neighborhood, adjacent to the border with
Egypt in Rafah. They demolished 8
Palestinian houses while firing artillery shells and heavy and medium caliber
bullets, wounding three Palestinian civilians. This incursion was preceded by other incursions on Sunday and Monday
into different areas in Rafah, during which the Israeli occupation forces
demolished 15 houses in Block “O” area, leaving more than 140 Palestinian
civilians homeless.

 

The incursions were accompanied by intensive firing
of artillery shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets by Israeli occupation
forces. Palestinian gunmen and security
men confronted the Israeli occupation forces, attempting to prevent them from
moving forward into Palestinian areas.

 

On Sunday, August 26, 2001, a member of the Palestinian National
Security Forces, Staff Sergeant ‘Alla’ Salah Abu Bakra, 27, from Rafah, was
killed by a live bullet in the head fired by Israeli occupation forces, while
confronting an incursion by the Israeli forces into the northeast of
Rafah. 

 

On
Tuesday, August 28, 2001, a
Palestinian policeman, Mohammed Marzouq
Sammour, 26, from Khan Yunis, was killed by a live bullet in the chest, while
confronting an incursion by Israeli occupation forces into Beit Jala.

 

On the same day, Riad Naji Mahmoud Abu Zeina, 29,
from Hebron, a first lieutenant of the Palestinian Preventive Security Service,
was killed by a heavy caliber bullet that entered the back and exited the
abdomen, while confronting an incursion by the Israeli occupation forces into
Hebron.

 

On Wednesday, August 29, 2001, a member of the
Palestinian National Security Forces Mohammed Salameh Jumei’an El-Hamran, 24,
from Rafah was killed by an artillery shell, while confronting an incursion by
the Israeli occupation forces into Rafah. In addition, Hassan ‘Ali El-‘Omour, 25, was seriously injured by a live
bullet in the chest. He was evacuated to
the intensive care unit at Shifa’ Hospital in Gaza City.

Israeli occupation forces did not hesitate to use
excessive force against Palestinian civilians who did not threaten the lives of
their soldiers. On Thursday, August 23,
2001, Israeli occupation soldiers, positioned in the vicinity of “Neve Dekalim”
settlement, west of Khan Yunis, fired at a number of Palestinian young men and
children who were demonstrating near the western cemetery of Khan Yunis,
approximately 200m away from the aforementioned settlement. Mohammed Jaber Maraziq Zo’rob, 20, was killed
by a live bullet in the chest.

 

On Tuesday, August 28, 2001, Tamer
Riadh ‘Oudeh Zo’rob, 18, from Rafah, was killed by a live bullet in the head,
fired by the Israeli occupation forces from a distance of approximately
600m. No clashes took place in the area
then. 

 

On the same day, an undercover unit of the
Israeli occupation forces opened fire on a number of Palestinian young men from
one family in Far’oun village near Tulkarm, who were guarding a cow farm south
of the village, killing ‘Emad Salim
Hazahza, 19, with a live bullet in the back.

 

On Wednesday, August 29, the Israeli occupation
forces fired artillery shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets at
Palestinian neighborhoods in Hebron. 
‘Abbouda
Kamel ‘Atteya Dababsa, 35, from Tarqoumia village near Hebron, a first
lieutenant of the Palestinian Presidents’ Guard (Force 17), was killed by a
medium caliber bullet in the head. Dababsa was traveling with some of his colleagues in a civilian
car. Furthermore, 19 Palestinian
civilians were injured.

 

On Sunday, August 26,
2001,
Israeli
F-16 and F-15 fighter jets attacked the headquarters of the Palestinian police
in Gaza City. Buildings of the civil
police were hit by two bombs, one of which destroyed the building of the
administrative affairs department while the other partially destroyed offices
of riot control units. A number of
nearby buildings were also damaged. According to Palestinian security sources, each bomb weighed 2,500
pounds.

On Monday, August 27,
2001, Ibrahim Mohammed Sharaf, 18, from Tal Al-Za’tar neighborhood in Jabalya,
was killed by an artillery shell fired by Israeli occupation soldiers,
positioned at the border east of Beit Lahia. Initial investigations proved excessive use of force by Israeli
occupation forces, who fired an artillery shell at the victim without any prior
warning and without having resorted to any less lethal means, especially as the
victim was not armed.

 

On Wednesday, August 29, 2001, Jewish settlers
fired at a Palestinian civilian car, in which three Palestinian civilians were
traveling. One was killed and the other
two were wounded. Haidar Taqi Jaddou’
El-Khatib, 28, from Hazma village, north of Jerusalem, was killed by several
live bullets in the face and the neck. His brother and father were also wounded by shrapnel from live bullets.

1. Shooting at Palestinian
Civilians

 

Thursday,
August 23, 2001

 

At approximately 15:00 local time, Israeli occupation
soldiers, positioned in the vicinity of “Neve Dekalim” settlement, west of Khan
Yunis, fired at a number of Palestinian young men and children who were demonstrating
near the western cemetery of Khan Yunis, approximately 200m away from the
aforementioned settlement. These
demonstrations came after the funeral ceremony of Mahmoud Jasser who was killed
by Israeli occupation soldiers on Friday, August 22, 2001. This time, Israeli occupation soldiers shot
dead Mohammed Jaber Maraziq Zo’rob, 20, with a live bullet in the chest, and
wounded five others:

1) Majdi ‘Abdullah Abu Mousa, 8, wounded by a live
bullet in the abdomen;

2) Mustafa Khalil El-Masri, 11, wounded by a live bullet
in the left thigh;

3) ‘Ali Mustafa Farawana, 13, wounded by a live bullet
in the chest;

4) Mahmoud Mousa El-Majaida, 13, wounded by a live
bullet in the left shoulder; and

5) Nasrallah Mohammed Jarghoun, 20, wounded by a live
bullet in the abdomen.

 

Friday,
August 24, 2001

 

In the afternoon, dozens of Palestinian civilians
demonstrated east of Gaza City. Israeli
occupation forces, positioned at the entrance of a settlement road leading to
the Green Line, atop of a Palestinian house south of the road, and near
Al-Mentar Outlet, fired at demonstrators, wounding five:

1) Muhannad Bassam Salim, 13, from Al-Shojaeya
neighborhood, wounded by a live bullet in the right leg;

2) Mohammed Walid Haneya, 15, from Sheikh Radwan
Neighborhood, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet in the head;

3) Mohammed Khalil Harb, 17, from Sheikh Radwan
neighborhood, wounded by a live bullet in the left thigh;

4) Akram ‘Eissa Radi, 17, from Al-Shati refugee camp,
wounded by a live bullet in the left leg; and

5) ‘Awni Sami Sa’id ‘Oleyan, 19, from Al-Daraj
neighborhood, wounded by a live bullet in the right leg.

 

In addition, dozens of demonstrators suffered from
tear gas inhalation. PCHR’s field
officer in Gaza City reported that for the first time, the Israeli occupation
forces used a gas which produced orange smoke.

 

Also in the afternoon, a number of Palestinian
civilians demonstrated at the northern entrance to Al-Bireh. Israeli occupation soldiers, positioned in
the vicinity of City Inn Hotel, fired at demonstrators, wounding Ramzi ‘Abdel-Latif
Rayan, 20, from Al-Ram village near Jerusalem, with a live bullet that entered
the left side and exited the right side. He was evacuated to Sheikh Zayed Hospital in Ramallah, where medical
sources stated that the live bullet cut Rayan’s colon and large intestines.

 

Also in the afternoon, Israeli occupation soldiers
fired at a number of Palestinian civilians who were demonstrating at the
entrance to Qalandya refugee camp and near Qalandya Airport on
Jerusalem-Ramallah road. A passing
civilian, Younis Ibrahim Mohammed, 46, was wounded by a live bullet in the
right thigh.

 

At approximately 15:00 local time, clashes erupted
between dozens of Palestinian civilians and Israeli occupation forces,
positioned in the vicinity of “Neve Dekalim” settlement, west of Khan
Yunis. Palestinian demonstrators threw
stones at the Israeli occupation forces, who responded with intensive
shooting. In these clashes, which lasted
up to 17:00 local time, four Palestinian children:

1) Suhaib Ismail Barbakh, 9, wounded by a live bullet in
the pelvis;

2) Zuhdi Maher El-Salmi, 10, wounded by a live bullet in
the left thigh;

3) Yousef Subhi Shana’a, 13, wounded by a live bullet in
the right hand; and

4) Ahmed Mohammed Harazallah, 14, wounded by a live
bullet in the right thigh.

 

In the meantime, 13-year-old Muti’ Na’im Abu Shaqra,
from Khan Yunis, was wounded in the right thigh by a live bullet fired by
Israeli occupation soldiers, positioned in the vicinity of “Gani Tal”
settlement, northwest of Khan Yunis. PCHR’s field officer in Khan Yunis reported that the child was wounded
when he was playing with other children, where Palestinian families live,
approximately 200 away from the aforementioned settlement.

 

Saturday, August 25, 2001

 

At approximately 21:00 local time, Israeli occupation
soldiers fired at a number of Palestinian civilians who were demonstrating on
the east of Ya’bad village near Jenin, near a bypass road leading to “Shakid”
settlement, north of the village. A
6-year-old child, Maher Ghassan Qabaha, was wounded by a rubber-coated metal
bullet in the head while he was atop his family’s house.

 

Sunday, August 26, 2001

 

At approximately 06:40 local time, Israeli occupation
soldiers, positioned in a military site west of “Dogit” settlement, north of
Beit Lahia in the northern Gaza Strip, fired without any prior warning at
Khalil Mohammed Zayed, 60, from Beit Lahia, seriously wounding him with a live
bullet in the chest. He was evacuated to
Shifa’ Hospital in Gaza City. According
to PCHR’s investigations and eyewitness testimonies, Zayed, a fisherman, was
walking on the beach, opposite to the aforementioned military site, when he was
fired at without provocation.

 

At approximately 14:00 local time, Israeli occupation
forces fired at a number of Palestinian civilians who were demonstrating at the
center of Hebron, near demarcation lines separating between areas under control
of the Israeli occupation forces and those under the jurisdiction of the
Palestinian National Authority. Three
Palestinian civilians were wounded:

1) Mohammed Ibrahim El-‘Aameri, 13, wounded by a
rubber-coated metal bullet in the left leg;

2) Ma’moun Khader Abu Sneineh, 15, wounded by a
rubber-coated metal bullet in the abdomen; and

3) Hazem ‘Arafat Zaytoun, 35, wounded by a live bullet
in the right foot.

 

In another incident in areas under control of the
Israeli occupation forces in Hebron, Israeli occupation soldiers fired at a
number of Palestinian civilians, claiming that these civilians violated the
curfew that had been imposed for two weeks. Three Palestinian civilians were wounded:

1) Samer Rawhi Abu Jom’a, 9, wounded by a rubber-coated
metal bullet in the left hand;

2) Tamer Abu Ahmed, 12, wounded by a rubber-coated metal
bullet in the left leg; and

3) Nahedh ‘Abdel-Rahman El-Rujbi, 20, wounded by a live
bullet in the left leg.

 

At approximately 18:00 local time, Israeli occupation
soldiers, positioned at a military roadblock south of Qalandya Airport on
Ramallah-Jerusalem road, fired at two Palestinian journalists who were covering
clashes in the area between the Israeli occupation forces and a number of
Palestinian civilians. The two were
wounded as follows:

1) Mahmoud Makhlouf, 25, from Jenin, a journalist of the
Palestinian News Agency (Wafa), wounded by four rubber-coated metal bullets in
the left leg, thigh and hand; and

2) Mohammed Sadiq, from Jerusalem, a photographer of
Associated Press, wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet in the left foot.

 

Tuesday, August 28, 2001

 

At approximately 20:00
local time, Israeli occupation soldiers, positioned in a military site near
Salah El-Din Gate on the border with Egypt south of Rafah, opened fire on
Palestinian houses in Block “O” in Rafah refugee camp. Tamer Riadh ‘Oudeh Zo’rob, 18, was seriously
wounded by a live bullet in the head. According to PCHR’s investigations, Zo’rob was wounded when he was in
Block “O,” approximately 600m north of the aforementioned military site and had
not participated in any activity against Israeli occupation forces. He was evacuated to Al-Joneina Hospital in
Rafah and from there he was transferred to Shifa’ Hospital in Gaza City, as he
was in critical condition. At 22:00
local time, he was pronounced dead from his wound.

 

Late at night, an
undercover unit of the Israeli occupation forces opened fire on a number of
Palestinian young men from one family in Far’oun village near Tulkarm, who were
guarding a cow farm south of the village. One was killed, another one was wounded and a third one was wounded when
he tried to offer help to his colleague. According to investigations carried out by the Palestinian Society for
the Protection of Human Rights and the Environment (LAW), firing at these young
men was willful and they were all unarmed civilians. According to eyewitnesses, at approximately
23:30 local time, five young men from Hazahza family, from Far’oun village,
were sitting near a cow farm, owned by their family, approximately 100m away
from houses in the village. Then, an
undercover unit of the Israeli occupation forces raided the area and fired at them
from a distance of 15m only. ‘Emad Salim
Hazahza, 19, was wounded by a live bullet in the back, and Rami Salem Ahmed
Hazahza, 21, was wounded by a live bullet in the right leg. Israeli soldiers arrested the other young men
and called for an Israeli ambulance that apparently evacuated ‘Emad to an
Israeli hospital. Later, he was
pronounced dead and his body was handed over to Palestinians. His body was brought to Tulkarm Hospital on
Wednesday, August 29, 2001, at approximately 02:30 local time. According to medical sources at the hospital,
there were bruises on the left side of the chest and a live bullet that entered
the left side of the back. X-rays showed
live bullets and shrapnel in the chest and the abdomen.

 

Later, an ambulance of the
Palestine Red Crescent Society, accompanied by members of the family, came to
the area, but Israeli occupation soldiers fired at it, wounding Hani Salem
Hazahza, 24, with a live bullet in the abdomen. He was evacuated to Tulkarm Hospital.

 

Wednesday, August 29, 2001

 

At approximately 15:00
local time, a number of Palestinian civilians demonstrated approximately 150m
north of a military roadblock of the Israeli occupation forces near Qalandya
Airport. They threw stones at Israeli
soldiers who responded with fire, wounding:

1) ‘Abdullah Rushdi Mohammed,
17, from Qalandya refugee camp, with a rubber-coated metal bullet in the head;
and

2) Majdi Fawzi Ahmed, 16,
from Seilat Al-Zahaher village near Jenin, with a rubber-coated metal bullet in
the head.

 

At approximately 17:00
local time, Israeli occupation soldiers, positioned in a military site in the
vicinity of “Neve Dekalim” settlement west of Khan Yunis, fired at a number of
Palestinian children who assembled more than 150m away. A 14-year-old child, Saleh Sa’id El-‘Ojeili,
from Khan Yunis, was wounded by two live bullets in the feet.

 

 

2. Shelling of Palestinian
Residential Areas and Civilian and Security Facilities

 

Thursday, August 23, 20001

 

At approximately 11:00 local time, Israeli occupation
forces, positioned at the border east of Al-Boreij refugee camp in the middle
of the Gaza Strip, shelled an outpost of the Palestinian National Security
Service, approximately 200m west of the border. The outpost was severely damaged and two of the personnel were injured:

1) Ra’ed ‘Othman Abu ‘Amra, 25, injured by shrapnel from
an artillery shell in the left thigh; and

2) Mohammed Ahmed Ghanem, 26, injured by shrapnel from
an artillery shell in the head and the left hand.

 

At approximately 19:25 local time, the Israeli
occupation forces fired artillery shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets
at Al-Sheikh, Bab Al-Zawia, Al-Manara and ‘Ein Kheir El-Din neighborhoods and
Al-‘Adel Street in Hebron. Three
Palestinian civilians were injured:

1) Ayman Mazen Abu ‘Omar, 14, injured by shrapnel from
an artillery shell in the jaw;

2) Khaldoun Nader Fathi El-‘Oweiwi, 17, injured by
shrapnel in the abdomen and the legs; and

3) Wa’el Mohammed Helmi El-Sharif, 40, injured by
shrapnel in the limbs.

 

Moreover, four Palestinian civilian cars were
destroyed, and a number of houses, stores and commercial facilities, including
the Palestinian Investment Bank, were severely damaged. Two transformers were also destroyed, cutting
off electricity from Al-Manara Street and Al-Zawia Square.

 

Friday, August 24, 2001

 

Shortly after midnight, Israeli occupation forces,
positioned at “Nahal ‘Ouz” Crossing, east of Gaza City, fired heavy, medium and
light caliber bullets at Palestinian houses to the west until 02:00 local
time. Two Palestinian civilians,
including a 17-year-old girl who was attending a wedding party approximately
1,000m away, were injured as follows:

1) Falastin Hammad Sa’id Abu El-‘Atta, 17, from
Al-Sgojaeya neighborhood, injured by a live bullet in the neck; and

2) Sha’ban Mohammed Abu Ghanima, 45, from Al-Shojaeya
neighborhood, injured by a live bullet in the left leg.

 

In her testimony to PCHR, Abu El-‘Atta said:

 

“I was with my family in a
wedding party of three young men, more than 1,000m away from a military site of
the Israeli occupation forces at Nahal ‘Ouz Crossing. Suddenly, we heard sounds of intensive
shooting that caused a mess and the attendants escaped. I escaped with my family to the main road and
we had shelter behind a house, while shooting continued. Suddenly, I felt that something hit my neck
and fell onto my mother who was beside me. I lost conscious until I found myself at Shifa’ Hospital.”

 

At approximately 06:00 local time, Israeli occupation
forces, positioned in Hawara military site and “Brakha” settlement, south of
Nablus, fired artillery shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets at
Palestinian houses in Kufor Qallil village. An artillery shell penetrated a wall of a Palestinian house, owned by
Rafe’ ‘Abdel-Latif Mansour, while he and his family were inside, but no
casualties were reported.

 

At approximately 22:00 local time, Israeli occupation
forces positioned in “Ramat Yishai” settlement in Hebron fired artillery shells
and heavy caliber bullets at Al-Sheikh neighborhood. A shoe factory, owned by Mohammed Haron
‘Aabed Maraqa, was severely damaged.

 

Saturday, August 25, 2001

 

At approximately 04:00
local time, Israeli occupation forces, positioned to the west and south of
Doura village near Hebron, fired heavy caliber bullets at two roadblocks of the
Palestinian Presidential Guard (Force 17), south of Hebron. The two roadblocks were severely damaged.

 

At approximately 17:45
local time, Israeli occupation forces, positioned in “Ramat Yishai” settlement
in Tal Rumeida neighborhood in Hebron, fired artillery shells and heavy and
medium caliber bullets at Al-Sheikh, Bab Al-Zawia, Al-Mnara and Wadi Al-Tuffah
neighborhoods and Al-‘Adel Street. As a
result of the shelling, which lasted up to 20:00 local time, Ayman Mohammed
El-Harbawi, 29, was seriously injured by shrapnel in the back and the
limbs. Moreover, four Palestinian
civilian cars were destroyed, and the offices of the Palestinian Chamber of
Commerce, Al-Madina Al-Munawara market, Al-Manara market and Ibrahim Abu Dayeh
school were severely damaged.

 

At approximately 22:00
local time, Israeli occupation forces, positioned in “Ramat Yishai” settlement
in Tal Rumeida neighborhood“Ramat Yishai” settlement in Tal Rumeida
neighborhood, in “Avraham Avino” settlement and in military sites on Johar
Mount in Hebron, fired artillery shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets at
Abu Sneineh, Al-Takrouri and Qubbat Janeb neighborhoods. A number of Palestinian houses and the
electricity and telephone networks were severely damged. 

 

Sunday, August 26, 2001

 

At approximately 03:00 local time, Israeli occupation
forces, positioned at the border with Egypt, fired artillery shells and heavy
and medium caliber bullets at Palestinian houses in Block “O” area in Rafah
Refugee camp, severely damaging some of them. Two Palestinian civilians were injured:

1) Mohammed ‘Abdel-‘Azziz Hassanein, 19, injured by
shrapnel in the left hand; and

2) Hisham Kamal Abu Taha, 22, injured by shrapnel in the
back.

 

At approximately 04:00 local time, Israeli fighter
jets attacked the headquarters of Palestinian police in Salfit, in the West
Bank. A bomb hit the building and
totally destroyed it, but no casualties were reported.

 

At approximately 05:00 local time, Israeli F-16 and
F-15 fighter jets attacked the headquarters of the Palestinian police in Gaza
City. Buildings of the civil police were
hit by two bombs, one of which destroyed the building of the administrative
affairs department while the other partially destroyed offices of riot control
units. A number of nearby buildings were
also damaged, including a meeting hall at the Palestine Red Crescent Society
and a building of the Al-Azhar University campus. According to Palestinian security sources,
each rocket weighed 2,500 pounds, and is stronger than the bombs used against
the Palestinian police headquarters in Ramallah on August 10, 2001, and in
Nablus on May 18, 2001.

 

At the same time, Israeli fighter jets shelled an
outpost of the Palestinian Military Intelligence Service at the entrance to
Deir El-Balah in the middle of the Gaza Strip. PCHR’s field officer in the area reported that the two-story outpost was
totally destroyed, and three Palestinian security men were slightly
injured. They received medical care at
Al-Aqsa Martyrs Hospital in Deir El-Balah.

 

Monday, August 27, 2001

 

Early in the morning,
Ibrahim Mohammed Sharaf, 18, from Tal Al-Za’tar neighborhood in Jabalya, was
killed by an artillery shell fired by Israeli occupation soldiers, positioned
at the border east of Beit Lahia. It has
not been clear why Sharaf was in this area. However, initial investigations proved excessive use of force by the
Israeli occupation forces, who fired an artillery shell at the victim without
any prior warning and without having resorted to any less lethal means,
especially as the victim was not armed. Sharaf was not known to be affiliated with any political party. It is likely that he was with some companions
trying to sneak into Israeli territories, searching for work in the wake of the
economic crisis in the Gaza Strip. According to information gathered by PCHR, Sharaf had left his house
with two companions on Sunday, August 26, 2001, at approximately 22:00 local
time. His father mentioned that he had
not come back at that night. On the
following day, the father was informed with the death of son. He went to Shifa’ Hospital to identify his
son’s body, which was divided by an artillery shell into two parts. According to PCHR’s investigations, the three
companions went to the border area, east of Beit Lahia, not far away from their
houses. When they were approximately
200m away from the border, Israeli occupation soldiers fired an artillery shell
at them, but none of them was injured and they escaped. Then, the Israeli soldiers fired another
artillery shell that directly hit Sharaf, killing him instantly. Later, the Palestinian side of the Palestinian-Israeli
liaison was informed that a corpse of a young man was near the border. On Monday, at approximately 11:00 local time,
after the Israeli occupation forces allowed a Palestinian ambulance to search
on the area, the victim’s body was found.

 

At approximately 18:00
local time, Israeli occupation forces, positioned at the border, east of Beit
Hanoun in the northern Gaza Strip, fired artillery shells and heavy and medium
caliber bullets at Palestinian houses, more than 500m away. A number of houses were damaged:

1) Bullets made holes in
walls of A 170-square-meter, one-story house, in which 13 people live, owned by
As’ad Fahmi Abu Salah; and

2) Bullets made holes in
walls of A 180-square-meter, one-story house, in which 17 people live, owned by
Sa’id Fahmi Abu Salah.

 

At approximately 19:00
local time, an Israeli tank emerged from of “Psagot” settlement, east of
Al-Bireh, and moved towards a roadblock of the Palestinian National Security
Forces, at the eastern entrance to Al-Bireh. It fired four artillery shells at the roadblock, completely destroying
it. In the meanwhile, it fired heavy
caliber bullets at Palestinian houses in the area. Four Palestinian civilians were injured:

1) Mohammed Mahmoud Jalayta,
27, injured by shrapnel in the left ear;

2) Nuha ‘Eissa Abu Qubeita,
25, injured by shrapnel in the head and the right shoulder;

3) Fadi Mousa Qar’an, 19,
injured by shrapnel in the right hand and burns in the left thigh; and

4) Muhannad ‘Ali ‘Aabed, 18,
injured by shrapnel in the abdomen.

 

Additionally, five houses
and the Palestinian House of Poetry were damaged.

 

At approximately 20:30
local time, two Israeli combat helicopters fired eight rockets at the building
of riot control units of Palestinian police in Tulkarm. Seven rockets hit the building, while the
eighth fell onto a tract of agricultural land. The building and 5 nearby houses were severely damaged.

 

At approximately midnight,
Israeli occupation forces, positioned in the vicinity of “Kfar Darom”
settlement, fired heavy medium caliber bullets at Palestinian houses in Deir
El-Balah. Arkan Salim Harb, 26, from
Deir El-Balah refugee camp, was seriously injured by a heavy caliber bullet in
the head. He was evacuated to the intensive
care unit at Shifa’ Hospital in Gaza City. According to PCHR’s investigations, Harb was in the east of Deir
El-Balah refugee camp, more than 2km away from the Israeli occupation forces,
when he was injured. 

 

PCHR’s field officer in
Deir El-Balah reported that an Israeli tank penetrated into areas west of “Kfar
Darom” settlement and fired live bullets and two artillery shells at
Palestinian houses in Deir El-Balah. A
number of houses were severely damaged, such as a 180-square-meter, two-story
house, in which 9 people live, owned by Samir Jaber Nemer Bashir, whose walls, windows
and water tanks were holed by bullets, but no casualties were reported.

 

Tuesday, August 28, 2001

 

At approximately 15:00
local time, the Israeli occupation forces fired artillery shells and heavy
caliber bullets at Palestinian houses in Abu Sneineh, Qubbat Janeb, Bab
Al-Zawia, Al-Sheikh, Wadi Al-Tuffah, ‘Ein ‘Arab and Qarn Al-Thawr neighborhoods
and Al-‘Adel, Al-Manara and Faisal streets in Hebron. No casualties were reported.

 

At approximately 21:00
local time, the Israeli occupation forces again shelled the aforementioned
areas. A number of houses were severely
damaged and 3 Palestinian civilians were injured as follows:

1) Akram Taleb El-Kababji,
68, injured by shrapnel in the neck and the right leg;

2) ‘Ezziddin Jamal
El-Juneidi, 6, injured by shrapnel in the back; and

3) ‘Ammar Sa’id Shahin, 29,
injured by shrapnel in the left leg.

 

‘Aalia Hospital was also
hit. According to eyewitnesses, heavy
and medium caliber bullets penetrated the windows of the children’s and surgery
departments, terrifying the staff of the hospital and patients.

 

At approximately 19:00
local time, Israeli occupation forces , positioned in the vicinity of “Neve
Dekalim” settlement, west of Khan Yunis, opened fire on Palestinian houses in
Khan Yunis refugee camp. Ibrahim ‘Ali
El-A’raj, 31, was injured by a live bullet in the left foot, and a number of
houses were damaged.

 

Wednesday, August 29, 2001

 

At approximately 14:30
local time, Israeli occupation forces positioned at the center of Hebron and at
bypass road (35) fired artillery shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets at
some Palestinian neighborhoods in the city, including Abu Sneineh, Qubbat
Janeb, Bab Al-Zawia, Al-Sheikh, Wadi Al-Tuffah, ‘Ein ‘Arab, Qarn Al-Thawr, ‘Ein
Kheir El-Din and ‘Ein Sarah neighborhoods. The shelling lasted for approximately 7 hours, during which ‘Abbouda
Kamel ‘Atteya Dababsa, 35, from Tarqoumia village near Hebron, a first
lieutenant of the Palestinian Presidents’ Guard (Force 17), was killed by a
medium caliber bullet in the head. Dababsa was traveling with some of his colleagues in a civilian
Mitsubishi. He was sitting in the back
seat. When the car stopped at Sarah
Street, approximately 200m inside areas under the jurisdiction of the
Palestinian National Authority, Israeli occupation soldiers fired at it. Dababsa was instantly killed by a medium
caliber bullet in the head. Furthermore,
19 Palestinian civilians were injured as follows:

1) Yazan Dhiab El-Haimouni,
80, injured by shrapnel in the head;

2) Dr. Akram Nasser El-Din,
55, injured by shrapnel in the chest;

3) Hatem ‘Abdel-Fattah
Markhia, 35, seriously injured by shrapnel in the neck;

4) ‘Emad ‘Ezzat Amrish, 31,
injured by shrapnel in the right hand;

5) ‘Aaida ‘Abbas El-Joulani,
20, injured by shrapnel in the neck;

6) Murad Ziad Ayoub
El-Sha’rawi, 21, injured by shrapnel in the left hand;

7) Nidal Humeid El-Ja’bari,
28, injured by shrapnel in the right thigh;

8) Ya’qoub Salah ‘Aabdin, 15,
injured by shrapnel in the right hand;

9) Sameh Ishaq El-Sharbati,
12, injured by shrapnel in the right side;

10) Mohammed Mahmoud Jamil
Nairoukh, 7, injured by shrapnel in the head;

11) Mohammed Kahder
El-Natsheh, 7, injured by shrapnel in the head and the right hand;

12) Aayat Tawfiq Skafi, 15,
injured by shrapnel throughout the body;

13) Sa’d Badawi Barakat, 16,
injured by shrapnel throughout the body;

14) Wajih Shukri Abu Rumeila,
75, injured by shrapnel throughout the body;

15) Yasser ‘Abdel-Nabi
El-Salaymeh, 39, injured by shrapnel in the shoulder;

16) Ya’qoub Yousef Daghsous,
60, injured by shrapnel in the right knee;

17) Amjad ‘Abdel-Hamid El-Je’beh,
19, injured by a live bullet in the right side;

18) Eftikhar Younis El-Tamimi,
32, injured by a live bullet in the left arm; and

19) Khawla Subhi Abu Sneineh,
31, injured by shrapnel in the back.

 

 3. Continued Assassinations
and Extra-Judicial Killings

 

On
Monday, August 27, 2001, the Israeli occupation forces assassinated one of the
most prominent Palestinian political leaders, Abu Ali Mustafa, Secretary
General of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). This horrible crime was a turning point in
the Israeli government’s assassination policy. Previous assassinations targeted those described by the Israeli
government as “Intifada activists,” but this time the target was one of the
most prominent Palestinian political leaders, and a symbol of the national
struggle.

 

PCHR learnt that on Monday morning, August 27, 2001,
at approximately 11:15 local time, Israeli combat helicopters fired two rockets
at the office of Secretary General of the PFLP, the second most prominent
political party of the Palestinian national movement, and one which opposes the
Oslo agreements. The rockets hit the
office, an apartment on the third floor of a building behind the office of the
Ramallah-Al-Bireh Governorate in Al-Bireh. One rocket penetrated an eastern window of the Abu Ali Mustafa’s office,
killing him instantly. The other rocket
penetrated a northern window of the office. The apartment was totally destroyed and five Palestinians, including a
woman resident of the building, were injured as follows:

1) ‘Aqel Ahmed Mohammed Salah, 32, from Burqa village,
director of the office, injured by shrapnel in the neck;

2) Raed Rashed Battat, from Al-Zhahereya village near
Hebron, an employee at the office, injured by shrapnel in the head and the left
hand;

3) Ma’n ‘Abdu Nasrallah, 31, from Ramallah, an employee
at the office, injured by shrapnel in the left thigh;

4) Ahmed Salim Masa’id, 28, from Nablus, an employee at
the office, injured by shrapnel in the right ankle; and

5) Zahera Hamed ‘Ali El-Sulh, 52, from Al-Bireh,
resident of the building, injured by shrapnel in the abdomen.

 

According to Palestinian security sources, the attack
was launched by Israeli combat helicopters that were flying over Kubar village,
15km to the north of Al-Bireh.

 

Abu Ali Mustafa is the nom de guerre of Mustafa Ali
El-Zabri, 62, from Arrabeh village near Jenin.

 

In a press release, PCHR strongly condemned this
criminal act by Israeli occupation forces, which was carried out according to a
declared policy of assassination adopted by the Israeli government, in
violation of international law and international humanitarian law. PCHR believes that the assassination policy,
including this most heinous crime, further proves the aggressive nature of the
Israeli government and refutes its claims of wanting peace. This crime was certainly committed after a
deliberate decision taken by the Israeli government, headed by the war criminal
Ariel Sharon, to escalate tension in the whole region. In light of continued escalation of Israeli
aggression, PCHR reiterated its call for the international community, through
its organizations and agencies, to immediately intervene to prevent further
deterioration of the situation in the region. PCHR also called upon the international community to provide protection
for the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, who face
the most horribly destructive weapons of the Israeli arsenal, used with the
full political support of the US administration.

 

On Thursday morning,
August 23, 2001, the Israeli occupation forces attempted to assassinate Colonel
Jihad ‘Abdullah El-Massimi, 46, from Balata refugee camp in Nablus, an activist
of Fatah Movement. At approximately
10:00 local time, a combat helicopter of the Israeli occupation forces fired a
rocket at Colonel El-Massimi’s car, in which he traveled with a bodyguard, near
the building of the Palestinian Ministry of Religious Endowments. The rocket hit the front of the car. Colonel El-Massimi and his bodyguard were
able to escape from the car before the combat helicopter fired another rocket
that fell near the car. Colonel
El-Massimi was seriously injured and his bodyguard, Saber El-Massimi, 30, was
injured by shrapnel in the head and the shoulder. Additionally, a passing civilian, Ghazi
Akouba, 45, an employee at the Ministry of Religious Endowments, was injured by
shrapnel in the left leg.

 

 4. Continued
Encroachments into Areas under the
Jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority

 

Thursday, August 23, 2001

 

At approximately 21:30
local time, an Israeli tank moved 700m into areas under the jurisdiction of the
Palestinian National Authority in Deir El-Balah in the middle of the Gaza
Strip. PCHR’s field officer in the area
reported that the tank moved from a military site in the vicinity of “Kfar
Darom” settlement into Al-Heker area, south of Deir El-Balah. Dozens of Palestinian gunmen confronted the
Israeli occupation forces. The fire
exchange lasted for three hours, during which three Palestinians were injured:

1) Ahmed ‘Awadh El-Shureihi,
21, injured by a live bullet in the buttocks;

2) Mohammed ‘Abdel-Fattah
Kurraz, 28, injured by a live bullet in the lower jaw; and

3) Hassan Salem El-Hassanat,
37, injured by a live bullet in the right hand.

 

At approximately 22:00
local time, Israeli occupation forces, reinforced with tanks and military
vehicles, penetrated into three neighborhoods under the jurisdiction of the
Palestinian National Authority in Hebron, and destroyed two houses before they
withdrew. The Israeli occupation forces
moved from “Ramat Yishai” settlement and adjacent military sites, and
penetrated, with the support of two helicopters, into Abu Sneineh, Jabal
Al-Rahma and Qubbat Janeb Neighborhood. The operation was accompanied by intensive shelling of these
neighborhoods. PCHR was informed that
the Israeli occupation forces thrust 200m into the west of Jabal Al-Rahma
neighborhood, 800m into the southeast of Abu Sneineh neighborhood and 400m in
the north and east of Jabal Al-Rahma neighborhood. The incursion was accompanied with shelling
of the three neighborhoods from the aforementioned settlement and surrounding
military sites. On the following day, at
approximately 03:00 local time, the Israeli occupation forces withdrew after
they had clashed with Palestinian security men and armed militants. The incursion resulted a number of
Palestinians being injuring, including:

1) Samer Mutliq Ibrahim
Ghanayem, 22, seriously injured by a medium caliber bullet in the mouth;

2) Hamada Muhareb Nemer Abu
Shawish, 37, seriously injured by shrapnel from an artillery shell in the back
and the legs;

3) Mohammed Hamed Abu ‘Eisha,
70, injured by shrapnel in the back; and

4) Mohammed Yusri El-Zaru,
40, injured by Shrapnel in the abdomen and the shoulder, and by a live bullet
in the left leg.

 

During the incursion, the
Israeli occupation forces destroyed three electrical transformers. They also demolished two houses in Abu
Sneineh neighborhoods, an old house owned by Yousef ‘Abbas Amro, and an
under-construction house, owned by Nihad Yousef El-Takrouri, claiming that
Palestinian militants fired at Israeli occupation soldiers and Jewish settlers
from this houses. 

 

Friday, August 24, 2001

 

At approximately 01:00
local time, Israeli occupation forces, accompanied by a bulldozer, penetrated
into a Palestinian area west of “Kfar Darom” settlement in the middle of the
Gaza Strip, in the aftermath of an exchange of fire with some Palestinian
gunmen, during which four Palestinian gunmen were injured, one of whom was in
serious condition. The Israeli occupation
forces razed areas of agricultural land as follows:

1) A 1-donum area, on which a
greenhouse planted with vegetables stood, owned by ‘Abdel-Rahman Bashir;

2) A 3-donum area planted
with olives and its agricultural pool, owned by Amal Nemer Bashir;

3) A 500-square-meter area
planted with palms, owned by Khalil Salman Bashir; and

4) A 200-meter-long fence of
a piece of land owned by ‘Azzam Mohammed Bashir.

 

Sunday, August 26, 2001

 

At approximately 00:30 local time, Israeli occupation
forces, reinforced by tanks and military vehicles, intruded into two areas
under the jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority in Rafah. PCHR’s field officer in Rafah reported that
the incursion, which lasted until 02:30 local time, was from two directions. The first thrust came from the southeast
(Rafah Border Crossing) and headed north towards Salah El-Din Street. Israeli occupation forces, reinforced with
eight tanks and two bulldozers, thrust approximately 2km into areas under the
jurisdiction of the PNA. The second was
from Morag settlement, north of Rafah. Israeli
occupation forces, reinforced with six tanks, crossed Salah El-Din Street and
thrust approximately 2km into Al-Fukhari area, northeast of Rafah, under the
jurisdiction of the PNA. During the
incursion, Israeli occupation forces fired artillery shells and heavy and
medium caliber bullets at Palestinian houses, stores and civilian facilities,
which were partially destroyed. Furthermore, Israeli occupation forces bulldozed the headquarters of the
Palestinian National Security Force (NSF) in Rafah and an NSF outpost at a
branch of Salah El-Din Street leading to Sofa Crossing, east of Rafah. A member of the Palestinian National Security
Forces, Staff Sergeant ‘Alla’ Salah Abu Bakra, 27, from Rafah, was killed by a
live bullet in the head fired by Israeli occupation forces. In addition, two Palestinian civilians were
injured. A 12-year-old-child, Yousef
Hamdan Mu’ammar, was injured by a live bullet in the buttocks, and Ibrahim
Mohammed ‘Arada, 23, was injured by shrapnel in the left shoulder. PCHR’s field officer in Rafah described the
incursion as the widest since the outbreak of Al-Aqsa Intifada, and that the
Israeli occupation forces reached all the way to the suburbs of Khan Yunis.

 

At the same time, Israeli
occupation forces penetrated into two outposts of the Palestinian National
Security Forces. The destroyed the two
outposts, one of them was 400m west of the road between Al-Shuhada’ junction
and Al-Mentar Outlet and the other was 300m north of Al-Mentar Outlet. The two outposts were first shelled with
artillery shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets.

 

Monday, August 27, 2001

 

Last night, Monday, August 27, 2001, Israeli
occupation forces penetrated into areas under the jurisdiction of the
Palestinian National Authority south of Rafah. In this incursion, which lasted until 03:30 local time on Tuesday, 15
Palestinian houses, in which more than 140 civilians lived, were demolished,
and 14 civilians were injured.

 

According to PCHR’s investigation, on Monday, August
27, 2001, at approximately 23:30 local time, eight Israeli tanks and a
bulldozer rolled into Block “O” area, adjacent to the border with Egypt, south
of Rafah. They thrust approximately 100m
into the area, and moved 300m along the border. In this area, they demolished 15 houses while firing a barrage of
medium- and large-caliber bullets, as well as artillery shells. Bloody clashes broke out between the invading
forces and Palestinians, both civilians and militants. These clashes extended to other areas along
the border, especially near Salah El-Din Gate and in Al-Brazil and Al-Salam
neighborhoods. In these clashes, 14
Palestinian civilians were injured as follows:

1) Najah Yousef Abu Shawish, 34, injured by shrapnel in
the upper arm;

2) Wassila Mahmoud Abu Shawish, 29, seriously injured by
shrapnel in the abdomen and the left forearm;

3) Mohammed Ahmed El-Hams, 23, injured by shrapnel in
the right thigh;

4) ‘Abdel-Rahim Ibrahim El-Hams, 18, injured by two live
bullets in the right shoulder and foot;

5) Daniel Kamel Mansour, seriously injured by a live
bullet in the abdomen;

6) Hassan ‘Awadh Abu ‘Aathreh, 40, injured by shrapnel
in the head;

7) ‘Alla’ Khalil ‘Omar, 18, injured by shrapnel in the
head;

8) ‘Emad Ahmed Abu Hussein, 17, injured by shrapnel in
the right shoulder;

9) Mohammed Nayef Abu Jazar, 24, injured by shrapnel in
the right thigh;

10) Jawad ‘Abdullah El-Soufi, 29, injured by shrapnel in
the left shoulder;

11) Tamer Nasser Ziada, 19, a journalist, injured by
shrapnel in the head;

12) ‘Emad Ziad Abu Muhsen, 23, injured by shrapnel in the
chest;

13) Fuad Ahmed Salameh ‘Asfour, 22, seriously injured by
a live bullet in the chest; and

14) Lutfi Nayef Abu Jazar, 22, injured by a live bullet
in the right thigh.

 

They were all evacuated to Al-Joneina Hospital in
Rafah. Tension and fear spread out in
the city.

 

The following houses were demolished:

 



 

Owner

Area in square meters

Number of residents

Damage

1.

Ibrahim Mahmoud Mansour

400

21 (3 families)

Totally demolished

2.

Serreya Ahmed Mansour

120

1

Totally demolished

3.

Mohammed ‘Abdel-Rahman Mansour

220

10 (2 families)

Totally demolished

4.

Fuad Mohammed Mansour

120

7

Totally demolished

5.

‘Abdel-Qader Mohammed Abu Lebda

200

12

Totally demolished

6.

Sa’id ‘Abdullah Joudeh

265

18 (2 families)

Totally demolished

7.

‘Abdel-Majid Sa’id Joudeh

100

2

Totally demolished

8.

Mohammed
‘Abdel-Karim ‘Abdel-‘Aal

400

26 (3 families)

Totally demolished

9.

Khalil Mohammed ‘Abdel-‘Aal

100

6

Totally demolished

10.

Mohammed ‘Abdel-Raziq Radwan

250

7

Totally demolished

11.

Hassan Darwish Abu Jazar

300

15 (3 families)

Totally demolished

12.

Mohammed Hamdan Abu Jazar

270

6 (2 families)

Totally demolished

13.

Fathi Yousef Abu Jazar

260

12 (3 families)

Totally demolished

14.

Ahmed Suleiman Abu Jazar

120

4

Totally demolished

15.

Hamed Suleiman Abu Jazar

160

2

Totally demolished

 

At approximately 23:30
local time, Israeli occupation forces, reinforced with 10 tanks and some
military vehicles, thrust 30m into the east of Bethlehem, which is under the
jurisdiction of the Palestinian National Authority. During the incursion they fired artillery
shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets intensively.

 

Tuesday, August 28, 2001

 

Early in the morning,
Israeli occupation forces, reinforced with tanks, penetrated into Beit Jala,
under full control of the Palestinian National Authority, and thrust up to
1,000m into the city. A Palestinian
policeman, Mohammed Marzouq Sammour, 26, from Khan Yunis, was killed by a live
bullet in the chest, while confronting the invading forces. A number of Palestinian civilians were also
injured, including Ahmed Ishaq, 18, from Al-Duheisha refugee camp, whose left
hand was cut. He was also injured by
shrapnel in the face and the chest.

 

At approximately 07:00
local time, Israeli occupation forces penetrated into Abu Nejem village, south
of Bethlehem, and demolished the fence of Abu Nejem school.

 

At approximately 10:00
local time, the Israeli occupation forces penetrated into the north and south
of ‘Aaida refugee camp, north of Bethlehem, under the jurisdiction of the
Palestinian National Authority. Israeli occupation forces thrust 100m into the
refugee camp and imposed curfew on areas that were reoccupied. They seized a Palestinian house and
transformed its roof into a military point after they had detained the family in
one room.

 

On Thursday morning,
August 30, 2001, the Israeli occupation forces started withdrawing from the
areas that were reoccupied.

 

At approximately 11:00
local time, and after intensive shelling of Palestinian houses in the south of
Doura and Kharsa and Deir Samet villages, Israeli occupation forces, reinforced
with tanks, penetrated into Kharsa village, under the jurisdiction of the
Palestinian National Authority. They
thrust 500m into the village. The Palestinian
National Security Forces and gunmen confronted the invading forces. Riad Naji Mahmoud Abu Zeina, 29, from Hebron,
a first lieutenant of the Palestinian Preventive Security Service, was killed
by a heavy caliber bullet that entered the back and exited through the
abdomen. In addition, five members of
the Palestinian National Security Forces and a member of the civil defense were
injured as follows:

1) Yousef Ahmed ‘Abdel-Jawad
El-Halayqa, 31, injured by two live bullets in the left hand and leg;

2) ‘Eissa Mahmoud ‘Oleyan
El-‘Allami, 20, injured by two live bullets in the left knee and the right
foot;

3) Haitham Mohammed ‘Oleyan,
22, injured by a live bullet in the left leg;

4) Ahmed Rateb Mughannam, 17,
injured by shrapnel in the limbs;

5) Khaled Sa’id Makharza, 28,
injured by several live bullets and was kidnapped by the Israeli occupation forces;
and

6) Ahmed Mustafa Abu
El-Kheir, 21, injured by shrapnel in the hands.

 

Furthermore, two
Palestinian civilians were injured as follows:

1) Ma’moun Mohammed ‘Omar,
24, injured by a live bullet in the right hand; and

2) Salah ‘Abdel-Qader ‘Omar,
29, injured by shrapnel in the right thigh.

 

At approximately 23:00
local time, Israeli occupation forces, positioned in “Kfar Darom” settlement in
the middle of the Gaza Strip, thrust 500m into areas in Deir El-Balah,
northwest of the settlement. PCHR’s
field officer in the middle area of the Gaza Strip reported that a bulldozer of
the Israeli occupation forces demolished half of a 380-square-meter, two-story
house, in which 9 people live, owned by Khaled ‘Omar El-Tawash. The house cracked and its residents could no
longer live in it. It is worth
mentioning that the family had evacuated the house at night for three month due
to the dangerous security situation. Approximately one hour later, and after Palestinian gunmen confronted
the invading forces, the Israeli occupation forces shelled Palestinian houses,
severely damaging the following:

1) A 250-square-meter,
two-story house, in which 9 people live, owned by ‘Abdel-Rahman Bashir;

2) A 150-square-meter,
asbestos-roofed house, in which 12 people live, owned by ‘Abdel-Rabbu Nasser
Eqtifan; and

3) A 400-square-meter,
one-story house, in which 12 people live, owned by Ahmed Ismail Bashir.

 

Wednesday, August 29, 2001

 

Early in the morning, the
Israeli occupation forces penetrated into areas under the jurisdiction of the
Palestinian National Authority in Rafah. At approximately 01:00 local time, Israeli occupation forces, reinforced
with tanks and military vehicles, coming from Sofa Crossing east of Rafah,
penetrated into the northeast of Rafah. They moved 3km to the west up to Salah El-Din Street (the main road
between the north and south of the Gaza Strip), near the European
Hospital. Then, they moved 1km to the
north on Salah El-Din Street, reaching the suburbs of Khan Yunis. The Palestinian National Security Forces and
gunmen confronted the invading forces. Exchanges of fire broke out until 04:30 local time, during which a
member of the Palestinian National Security Forces Mohammed Salameh Jumei’an
El-Hamran, 24, from Rafah was killed by an artillery shell. In addition, Hassan ‘Ali El-‘Omour, 25, was
seriously injured by a live bullet in the chest. He was evacuated to the intensive care unit
at Shifa’ Hospital in Gaza City. Furthermore, bulldozers of the Israeli occupation forces demolished a
site of the Palestinian National Security Forces near Sofa Crossing.

 

After they seized control
of Salah El-Din Street, Israeli occupation forces took position at a junction,
leading to “Morag” settlement in the west and Sofa Crossing in the east. It is worth mentioning that Salah El-Din
Street is the sole outlet between Rafah and the rest of the Gaza Strip after
Israeli occupation forces had closed the western road near “Morag”
settlement. PCHR fears that controlling
the street will pave the way for Israeli occupation forces to control the area
and establish roadblocks, isolating Rafah, similar to the situation between
Khan Yunis and Deir El-Balah.

 

According to PCHR’s
investigations, Israeli tanks were positioned on five sites on both sides of
Salah El-Din Street, surrounded by sand barriers. At approximately 10:00 local time, the
Israeli occupation forces fired at Palestinian a civilian car that tried to
travel on the street. The Israeli
occupation forces also destroyed branch roads that Palestinians use to travel
to and from Rafah.

 

In the afternoon, Israeli
occupation forces reinforced their presence at the entrance to Rafah. Eight armored vehicles were positioned near
Tal Zo’rob, southwest of the city, and eight other ones were positioned opposite
to Al-Sha’er, Al-Brazil and Al-Salam neighborhoods, adjacent to the border with
Egypt.

 

At approximately 20:00
local time, eight armored vehicles of the Israeli occupation forces penetrated
200m into Al-Sha’er neighborhood in Rafah. They demolished a number of Palestinian houses, while firing artillery
shells and heavy and medium caliber bullets. The houses were demolished over their furniture after their residents
left them. 

 

The following houses were demolished:

No.

Owner

Area in square meters

Number of residents

Damage

1.

Sa’id El-Sha’er

300 (2 stories)

13 (3 families)

Completely demolished

2.

Mustafa Hmdan El-Sha’er

200 (2 stories)

8 (2 families)

Completely demolished

3.

Mohammed Ahmed El-Sha’er

300 (2 stories)

14 (2 families)

Completely demolished

4.

Sabri Hamdan El-Sha’er

300

12

Completely demolished

5.

Mohammed Sabri El-Sha’er

150

2

Completely demolished

6.

Ra’ed Shehdeh El-Sha’er

150

4

Completely demolished

7.

Helmi Mansour El-Sha’er

120

13

Completely demolished

8.

Sa’id Mustafa El-Sha’er

400 (a store of agricultural tools)

Completely demolished

 

Furthermore, three
Palestinian civilians were injured as follows:

1) Mamdouh Jamil Zannoun, 29,
injured by shrapnel in the head;

2) Nidal Ahmed Nasrallah, 25,
injured by shrapnel in the face; and

3) ‘Omar Hamed El-Nahhal, injured
by a live bullet in the buttocks.

 

 5. A Palestinian Civilian
Killed by Jewish Settlers

 

On Wednesday, August 29,
2001, Jewish settlers fired at a Palestinian civilian car, in which three
Palestinian civilians were traveling. One was killed and the other two were wounded. at approximately 06:10 local time, the
Palestinian civilian car was traveling on a bypass road between “Ma’ale Adomim”
settlement, east of Jerusalem, and “Almon” settlement, northeast of the city. The car was driven by Haidar Taqi Jaddou’
El-Khatib, 28, from Hazma village, north of Jerusalem. His brother, Khader, 22, and his father, Taqi
Jaddou’, 50, were traveling with him. While they were traveling on the aforementioned bypass road, settlers
who were traveling near a junction leading to “Almon” settlement fired at
them. The driver was killed by several
live bullets in the face and the neck. His father was injured by shrapnel in the left hand and ear, the chest
and the back, and his brother was injured by shrapnel in the right leg.

 

 6. Arrests by the Israeli
Occupation Forces

 

This week, Israeli
occupation forces arrested 16 Palestinians. These arrests took place in the following ways:

1) Arrests at international
border crossings, which are under the control of Israeli occupation forces.

2) Arrests at military
roadblocks on main and branch roads and at the entrances to Palestinian cities
and villages.

3) Arrests in Palestinian
towns and villages, often during house raids.

 

The following table lists
significant arrests that took place this week:

No.

Name

Age

Place of Residence

Date of Arrest

Manner of Arrest

1.

Ibrahim ‘Omar El-Habil

24

Al-Shati, Gaza

August 23, 2001

Taken from his boat
while fishing

2.

Yasser Ahmed ‘Amarneh

25

Ya’bad, Jenin

August 25, 2001

During clashes east of
his village

3.

‘Aaref Khaled

27

Jalboun, Jenin

August 28, 2001

Taken after residents of
the village were gathered inside a school

4.

Khaled Yousef

24

Jalboun, Jenin

August 28, 2001

Taken after residents of
the village were gathered inside a school

 

****

 

PCHR calls upon the international community:

 

1) To provide immediate and independent international
protection for the Palestinian people in the Occupied Palestinian Territories;

2) To ensure that the ICRC enhances its presence,
expands its activities, and intensifies its field observations throughout the
Occupied Palestinian Territories;

3) To ensure that the High Contracting Parties to the
Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 reconvene in order to take effective measures
to protect Palestinian civilians in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, in
accordance with their obligations under article 1 to ensure the respect of the
Convention;

4) To investigate and prosecute those believed to have
committed war crimes in the Occupied Palestinian Territories before
international courts;

5) To ensure that the European Union activates Article 2
of the Euro-Israeli Association Agreement, which provides that Israel must
respect human rights;

6) To ensure that the UN High Commissioner for Human
Rights visits the Occupied Palestinian Territories and that the Resolution
adopted by the UN High Commission on Human Rights in April 2001 be implemented;

7) To provide humanitarian and medical assistance for the Palestinian
people, whose living conditions are increasingly deteriorating as a result of
the continued siege imposed by the Israeli occupation forces on the entire
Occupied Palestinian Territories.

 

 

 



[1]
For more information about the siege imposed on the OPT and its impacts, see
PCHR’s Closure Update.