The
fishing boat on board of which a Palestinian fisherman, Mohammed Baker, was
killed by the Israeli navy, opposite to al-Sudaniya beach in the northern Gaza
Strip on 24 September 2010
 

Israeli
Occupation Forces (IOF) Continue Systematic Attacks against Palestinian
Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)

 

· IOF killed 5
Palestinians, including a fisherman and a toddler, in the Gaza Strip and the
West Bank.  

 

· A member of the
Palestinian resistance died of previous wounds in the Gaza Strip.

 

· IOF continued
to use force against peaceful protests in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

 5 Palestinian civilians,
including a child and a photojournalist, were wounded. 

 IOF detained a
French human rights defender for several hours.   

 

· IOF continued
to fire at Palestinian workers an farmers in border areas in the Gaza Strip.

 Two workers were wounded.

 

· IOF conducted 24
incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank.  

 IOF arrested 13
Palestinian civilians.

 

· Israel has
continued to impose a total siege on the OPT and has isolated the Gaza Strip
from the outside world.

 IOF have
imposed a total closure on the OPT until the end of September because of Jewish
holidays.

 Israeli troops
stationed at military checkpoints and border crossings in the West Bank
arrested at least 3 Palestinian civilians.

 

· IOF have
continued settlement activities in the West Bank and Israeli settlers have
continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

 Israeli settlers placed dozens of mobile homes
in several areas in the West Bank.

 IOF ordered the evacuation of 44 donums[1]
of land in Taffouh village, west of Hebron.

 

Summary

 

Israeli
violations of international law and humanitarian law in the OPT continued
during the reporting period (23 – 29 September 2010):

 

Shooting:

 

During the reporting period, IOF killed 5 Palestinians, including a
toddler and a fisherman, while a 6th one died of previous
wounds. They also wounded 7 Palestinian
civilians. 

 

In the Gaza Strip, on 24 September 2010, IOF killed a Palestinian
fisherman while fishing with his cousins opposite to al-Sudaniya beach in the
northern Gaza City.  It should be noted that Israeli gunboats daily chase
Palestinian fishermen in the sea and threaten their sources of livelihood
through continuously firing at their boats, detaining them and confiscating
their fishing tools.

 

On 28 September 2010, IOF killed 3 members of the Palestinian
resistance, when an Israeli warplanes fired a missile at them in the central
Gaza Strip.

 

On 25 September 2010, medical sources at Nasser Institute Hospital
in Egypt declared that Mohammed Salem al-‘Amarin, 21, from al-Zaytoun
neighborhood in the southeast of Gaza City, died of wounds he had sustained by
IOF in the central Gaza Strip on 14 September 2010.

 

During the reporting period, two Palestinian workers were wounded
when Israeli troops stationed at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel
fired at them while collecting raw construction materials. 

 

On 28 September 2010, an Israeli warplane fired a missile that
landed on a house belonging to Kamal ‘Abdul Hadi Abu Shamla near Slah al-Din
Street in Nussairat refugee camp. The
house was damaged, but no casualties were reported.

 

In the West Bank, on 24 September 2010, 13-month old Mohammed
Mahmoun Abu Sara, from al-‘Eissawiya village near Jerusalem, died due to tear
gas inhalation. 

 

During the reporting period, IOF used excessive force to disperse
peaceful demonstrations organized in protest to Israeli settlement activities
and the construction of the annexation wall.  As a result, 5 Palestinian civilians,
including a child, were wounded, and dozens of Palestinian civilians and
international human rights defenders suffered from tear gas inhalation or
sustained bruises.  IOF also detained a
French human rights defender for some time.

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, IOF conducted at
least 24 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank,
during which they arrested 13 Palestinian civilians.  

 

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted one limited
incursion into al-Qarara village, east of Khan Yunis. They leveled areas of Palestinian land.

 

Restrictions
on Movement:
Israel had continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and
imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the
Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza
Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza
Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza
Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous
impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. 

 

· The illegal closure has caused not only a
humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the
population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the
blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of
the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of
the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip
and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply
shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become internationally
accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no longer suffer from
the same shortage of goods, but they will remain economically dependent and
unable to care for themselves, and socially, culturally and academically
isolated from the rest of the world.

 

· Expanding the list of items allowed into Gaza
does not change the illegality of this policy, which is inconsistent with
Israel’s legal obligations both as an Occupying Power and under international
human rights treaties to which it is party, such as the International Covenant
on Civil and Political Rights. 

 

· Facts on the
ground refute Israeli claims with
respect to the easing of the closure imposed on the Gaza Strip and the
reduction of restrictions imposed on the entry of goods.

 

· Israeli
declaration of allowing new goods to be entered into the Gaza Strip constitutes
an attempt to delude the international community, as such goods do not meet the
minimal needs of the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have
continued to ban the entry of raw construction materials into the Gaza
Strip. 

 

· IOF have
imposed a ban on all exports from the Gaza Strip. 

 

· Israel had
continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing to Palestinian civilians wishing
to travel to the West Bank and Israeli for medical treatment, trade or social
visits.

 

· Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international
diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza
Strip. They have prevented representatives of several international
humanitarian organizations from entering the Gaza Strip.

 

· Living conditions of the Palestinian civilian population have
seriously deteriorated; levels of poverty and unemployment have mounted
sharply.

 

West
Bank

 

IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of
Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank, including occupied East
Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza
Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.

 

· IOF have established checkpoints in and around Jerusalem, severely
restricting Palestinian access to the city. Civilians are frequently prevented
from praying at al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.

 

· There are approximately 585 permanent roadblocks, and manned and
unmanned checkpoints across the West Bank.

 

· When complete, the illegal Annexation Wall will stretch for 724 kilometers
around the West Bank, further isolating the entire population. 350 kilometers of
the Wall have already been constructed. Approximately 99% of the Wall has been
constructed inside the West Bank itself, further confiscating Palestinian land.

 

· At least 65% of the main roads that lead to 18 Palestinian
communities in the West Bank are closed or fully controlled by IOF.

 

· There are approximately 500 kilometers of
restricted roads across the West Bank. In addition, approximately one third of
the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, is inaccessible to
Palestinians without a permit issued by the IOF. These permits are extremely
difficult to obtain.

 

· IOF continue to harass, and assault demonstrators who hold peaceful
protests against the construction of the Annexation Wall.

 

· Palestinian civilians continue to be harassed by IOF in Jerusalem,
and across the West Bank, including being regularly stopped and searched in the
streets by IOF.

 

Settlement
Activities:

 

Israel
has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of
international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack
Palestinian civilians and property. 

 

On 25 September 2010, on the eve of the Israeli temporary freezing
of settlement activities, Israeli settlers from "Rafafa" settlement
seized dozens of donums of land in Deir Estia village, northwest of
Salfit. According to eyewitnesses, the
settlers placed 22 mobile homes on a 30-donum area of agricultural. They also leveled areas of land. 

 

On 25 September 2010, Israeli settlers from "Givat Ze’ev"
settlement broke into al-Zaytoun area in the south of Bitounia town, west of
Ramallah, and organized celebrations for the Jewish Sukkoth. Later, IOF moved into the area and evacuated
the settlers. 

 

On the same day, Israeli settlers from "Nukadim"
settlement placed 3 mobile homes in al-Mas’hab area in Khirbat Jib al-Theeb
village, east of Bethlehem. 

 

On 26 September 2010, dozens of armed Israeli settlers, accompanied
by bulldozers and escorted by IOF, continued to lay foundations for a new
settlement known as "Havat Ma’oun" near "Ma’oun" settlement
to the east of Yatta village, south of Hebron. 

 

On the same day, Silvan Shalom, Deputy Israeli Prime Minister, in
the presence of dozens of settlers, put the corner stone of a Jewish religious
school near "Beir Rumano" settlement outpost in Hebron in a
celebration that was attended by a number of leaders of settles and rightist
members of the Israeli Knesset, who encouraged more settlement activities and
seizure of Palestinian property.

 

On 27 September 2010, a number of armed Israeli settlers,
accompanied by a bulldozer and escorted by IOF, leveled a tract of land, which
they had seized in Wad al-Hussain neighborhood in Hebron, in order to build on
it. The 8-donum land belongs to Mahmoud
Jabet and Ziad Jaber, and was seized by Israeli settlers two years ago. 

 

In the same context, the Public Committee to Defend Land in Hebron,
stated that the so-called Israeli Military Organization Commissioner issued
this week an order to evacuate 44 donums of land belonging to Mohammed Ibrahim
al-Khamaisa in the northwest of Taffouh village, west of Hebron, claiming that
it is "a state land." 

 

 

Israeli
Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (23 – 29 September 2010)

 

1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian
Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 23 September 2010

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Tarma
village, southwest of Hebron. They
raided and searched a house belonging to Mohammed ‘Abdul Karim ‘Abdullah, 40,
and arrested him.

 

· Also at approximately 01:00, IOF moved into
Beit Liqia village, west of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrested were reported.

 

· At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into
Kharabtha village, west of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrested were reported.

 

Friday, 24 September 2010

 

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Khirbat
Abu Falah village, northeast of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrested were reported.

 

· In the early morning, 13-month old Mohammed
Mahmoun Abu Sara, from al-‘Eissawiya village near Jerusalem, died due to tear
gas inhalation. According to the
victim’s uncle, on Wednesday evening, 22 September 2010, IOF moved into
al-Zahra area in al-‘Eissawiya village and fired tear gas canisters near his
brother’s house. As a result, the
toddler suffered from difficulties in breathing. He was taken to a medical center in the
village and he was treated. On the
following day, IOF moved into the area again and fired tear gas canister. The toddler suffered from tear gas inhalation. He was evacuated to a medical center. Over the night, IOF continued to fire tear
gas canisters in the village. At
approximately 05:30 on Friday, 25 September 2010, the toddler’s mother was
shocked that he lost consciousness. He
was immediately transported to Hadasa Hospital, but he died. The Israeli police held the body, and allowed
only members of the family to burrey him at approximately 13:10.

 

· In a new crime committed against Palestinian
civilians, in the morning, IOF killed a Palestinian fisherman while fishing
with his cousins opposite to al-Sudaniya beach in the northern Gaza City. 
It should be noted that Israeli gunboats daily chase Palestinian fishermen in
the sea and threaten their sources of livelihood through continuously firing at
their boats, detaining them and confiscating their fishing tools.

 

According to investigations conducted by PCHR and the testimony of
a fisherman, who was on the boat, at approximately 09:00 on Friday, 24
September 2010, Mohammed Mansour Bakr, 20, and three of his cousins sailed on a
boat belonging to their family opposite to al-Sudaniya beach, north of Gaza
City, for fishing. While they were 2,000 meters way from the beach and a
similar distance from the naval border, an Israeli gunboat approached at a distance
of 100 meters and started heavily firing at the fishing boat without any reason
or warning. Mohammed was shot by a bullet to the right side. He fell
inside the boat and was bleeding amidst screams of his cousins requesting
Israeli soldiers to stop fire, as Mohammed was wounded. However, the
Israeli soldiers continued to fire. Approximately 10:00 minutes later, IOF
retreated, the Bakrs were able to reach the beach, and transported their cousin
to Kamal Nasser Hospital in Beit Lahia, but he passed away.

 

· At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into ‘Aanin
village, northwest of Jenin. They
patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

Saturday, 25 September 2010

 

· At approximately 05:00, medical sources at
Nasser Institute Hospital in Egypt declared that Mohammed Salem al-‘Amarin, 21,
from al-Zaytoun neighborhood in the southeast of Gaza City, died of wounds he
had sustained by IOF in the central Gaza Strip on 14 September 2010.

 

According to
PCHR’s documentation, at approximately 14:00 on 14 September 2010, IOF moved
nearly 300 meters into Gaza Valley village in the central Gaza Strip. They
leveled areas of Palestinian land, which they had already razed. At
approximately 17:00, IOF fired 4 artillery shells at an area located 600 meters
away from the stormed area. As a result, a member of the Palestinian
resistance, al-‘Amarin, was seriously wounded.  He first received medical
treatment in Shifa Hospital in Gaza City, but was transferred to Egypt later as
he was in a serious condition.

 

· At approximately 16:00, an Israeli infantry
unit moved from "Brakha" settlement into the east of ‘Iraq Bourin
village, south of Nablus. A number of
Palestinian boys gathered and threw stones at Israeli soldiers, who responded
by firing tear gas canisters and sound bombs. Dozens of boys suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

Sunday, 26 September 2010

 

· At approximately 10:00, IOF moved into ‘Azzoun
village, east of Qalqilya. They
patrolled in the streets and established a number of checkpoints. They chased Mahmoud Mohammed Radwan, 19, so
he had a shelter in the building of the municipality. Israeli soldiers closed the building and
arrested Radwan. They released him after
summoning him for interrogation. IOF
withdrew from the village at approximately 12:30.

 

· At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Marda
village, northeast of Salfit. They
closed an iron gate established at the eastern entrance of the village. They withdrew later, and no arrests were
reported.

 

Monday, 27 September 2010

 

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Talfit
village, southeast of Nablus. They
raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 5 Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Hassan
Ibrahim Faraj, 35;

2. Ayoub
Farah Msallam, 31;

3. Aysar
‘Omar Shahin, 35;

4. Younis
Mahmoud Msallam, 32; and

5. Rasmi
Jaber Shahin, 30.

 

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into
al-Yamoun village, northwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Adeeb
Mustafa Smoudi, 25, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Jenin
town and refugee camp, and into the neighboring Wad Bourqin area. They patrolled in the streets for some time
and withdrew later. No arrests were
reported.

 

· At approximately 08:30, IOF moved nearly 400
meters into the east of al-Qarara village, south of Khan Yunis town in the
southern Gaza Strip. They leveled areas
of Palestinian land along the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel. They withdrew from the area at 15:00.

 

· At approximately 16:00, IOF moved into ‘Aaba
village, east of Jenin. They patrolled
in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 16:30, IOF moved into Kfiret
village, southeast of Jenin. They
patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 20:30, IOF moved into ‘Azzoun
village, east of Qalqilya. They closed
the northern and western entrances of the village and established checkpoints
there. They stopped and checked
Palestinian civilians, claiming that stones were thrown at the main road. They withdrew from the village 3 hours later.

 

· In the evening, IOF moved into Marda village,
northeast of Salfit. They closed an iron
gate established at the eastern entrance of the village. They withdrew later, and no arrests were
reported.

 

Tuesday, 28
September 2010

 

· At approximately 00:10, IOF moved into
Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets
for some time and withdrew later. They
moved into the town again at approximately 02:00. They raided and searched a house belonging to
the family of Sameh Mahmoud Abu Safaqa, 21, in the east of the town, and
arrested him.  

 

· At approximately 00:45, IOF moved into
Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for
some time and withdrew later. No arrests
were reported.

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Jyous
village, northeast of Qalqilya. They
closed gate #943. They withdrew from the
village later, and no arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 07:45, Israeli soldiers
stationed at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northwest of
Beit Lahia town fired at a number of Palestinian workers, who were collecting
raw construction materials from a site where the evacuated Israeli settlement
of "Elli Sinai" used to stand. As a result, Fadi ‘Essam Tanboura, 21, from Beit Lahia, who is deaf, was
wounded by a bullet to the right thigh.

 

· At approximately 22:30, an Israeli warplane
fired a missile at a number of activists of the Palestinian resistance in the
east of al-Boreij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip. As a result, 3 activists were killed by
shrapnel from the missile:

 

1. ‘Awni
Rafiq ‘Abdul Hadi, 19, from al-Boreij refugee camp;

2. ‘Alaa’
Mohammed Abu Zbaida, 25, from al-Boreij refugee camp; and

3. Mohammed
Khaled ‘Eid, 23, from Nussairat refugee camp.

 

· At approximately 22:45, an Israeli warplane
fired a missile that landed on a house belonging to Kamal ‘Abdul Hadi Abu
Shamla near Slah al-Din Street in Nussairat refugee camp. The house was damaged, but no casualties were
reported.

 

Wednesday,
29 September 2010

 

· At approximately 00:20, IOF moved into Qiffin
village, north of Tulkarm. They
patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into
al-Ramadin village, southwest of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses and arrested 4 Palestinian
civilians:

 

1. Nayef
Mohammed al-Zagharna, 34;

2. Naji
Isma’il al-Daghaghma, 35;

3. Hussein
Salem Daghaghma, 22; and

4. Ibrahim
Mohammed al-Daghaghma, 35.

 

· At approximately 08:00, Israeli soldiers
stationed at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the north of Beit
Lahia town fired at a number of Palestinian workers, who were collecting raw
construction materials from a site where the evacuated Israeli settlement of
"Elli Sinai" used to stand. As
a result, Mohammed Yousef Ma’rouf, 23, from Beit Lahia, was wounded by a bullet
to the left foot.

 

2. Use
of Excessive Force against Peaceful Demonstrations Protesting Settlement
Activities and the Construction of the Annexation Wall

 

During
the reporting period, IOF used force against peaceful demonstrations organized
by Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders
in protest to the construction of the Wall and settlement activities in the
West Bank, and against the establishment of a buffer zone along the border in
the Gaza Strip. As a result, 5
Palestinian civilians, including a child, were wounded. Dozens of civilians and human rights
defenders also suffered from tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises.   

 

· Following the Friday Prayer on 24 September 2010, dozens of
Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organized
a peaceful demonstration in protest to the construction of the Annexation Wall
in Bil’ein village, west of Ramallah. They moved towards the annexation wall. Israeli troops stationed in the area fired rubber-coated metal bullets,
sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. As a result, 3 Palestinian civilians were
wounded:

 

1. Ashraf
Mohammed al-Khatib, 30, wounded by a gunshot to the right leg;

2. Haitham
Mohammed al-Khatib, 34, a photographer of the Public Committee against the Wall
and Settlement in Bilein village, hit by a tear gas canister to the chest; and

3. Sameer
Suleiman Bernat, 32, hit by a tear gas canister to the right foot. 

 

A number of demonstrators also suffered from tear gas inhalation
and others sustained bruises as they were beaten by Israeli troops.  

 

· Also following
the Friday Prayer on 24 September 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and
international and human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in
Ne’lin village, west of Ramallah, in protest against the construction of the
Annexation Wall. They clashed with
Israeli troops positioned near the Wall. Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear
gas canisters at demonstrators. As a
result, several demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation, and others
sustained bruises.  

 

· Also following the Friday Prayer on 24 September 2010, dozens of
Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders
organized a peaceful demonstration in Nabi Saleh village, northwest of
Ramallah, in protest against land confiscations in the Wad al-Raya area between
the villages of Nabi Saleh and Deir Nizam. When the demonstrators attempted to reach areas of land seized by
Israeli settlers near "Halmish" settlement, Israeli troops fired
rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, Wa’d al-Tamimi, 13, was hit by a
tear gas canister to the right foot. A
number of demonstrators also suffered from tear gas inhalation. 

 

· At
approximately 11:30 on Saturday, 25 September 2010, dozens of Palestinian
civilians and international human rights defenders organized a peaceful
demonstration in Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They moved towards areas of Palestinian land,
which are threatened of confiscation by IOF, near "Karmi Tsur"
settlement, south of the village. IOF
attacked and fired at the demonstrators. As a result, two Palestinian civilians, including a child, and 3
American human rights defenders, sustained bruises:

 

1. Sami
‘Aamer Jouda, 13, sustained bruises to the back and the legs;

2. Ahmed
Khalil Abu Hashem, 24, sustained bruises to the neck, the back and the right
arm;

3. Jiff,
24;

4. Maria,
21; and

5. Baca
Wolf, 22.

 

IOF also detained Francis Debeleouk, 22, a French human rights
defender, for several hours.

 

· At
approximately 11:20 on Sunday, 26 September 2010, Israeli soldiers stationed at
the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east of ‘Abassan village,
east of Khan Yunis town in the southern Gaza Strip, fired at dozens of
Palestinian civilians who organized a peaceful demonstration against the
establishment of a security fence at the border. As a result, Suleiman Ziad Abu ‘Anza, 20, was
seriously wounded by a bullet to the abdomen. 

 

3. Continued Closure of the OPT

 

Israel has continued to impose a tightened closure of the OPT and
imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the
Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza
Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza
Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza
Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous
impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. 

 

· The illegal closure has caused not only a
humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the
population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the
blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of
the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of
the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip
and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply
shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become
internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no longer
suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain economically
dependent and unable to care for themselves, and socially, culturally and
academically isolated from the rest of the world.

 

· Expanding the list of items allowed into Gaza
does not change the illegality of this policy, which is inconsistent with
Israel’s legal obligations both as an Occupying Power and under international
human rights treaties to which it is party, such as the International Covenant
on Civil and Political Rights. 

 

· Facts on the
ground refute Israeli claims with respect to the easing of the closure imposed
on the Gaza Strip and the reduction of restrictions imposed on the entry of
goods.

 

· Israeli
declaration of allowing new goods to be entered into the Gaza Strip constitutes
an attempt to delude the international community, as such goods do not meet the
minimal needs of the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have
continued to ban the entry of raw construction materials into the Gaza
Strip. 

 

· IOF have
imposed a ban on all exports from the Gaza Strip. 

 

· Israel had continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing to
Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to the West Bank and Israeli for
medical treatment, trade or social visits.

 

· Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international
diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza
Strip. They have prevented representatives of several international
humanitarian organizations from entering the Gaza Strip.

 

· Living conditions of the Palestinian civilian population have
seriously deteriorated; levels of poverty and unemployment have mounted
sharply.

 

Movement
at Border Crossings during the Reporting Period:

 

At approximately 13:00 on Tuesday, 01 June
2010, the Egyptian authorities decided to open Rafah International Crossing
Point on the Egyptian border in both directions without specifying a date for
its closure. The Egyptian decisions came
following the Israeli attack on the Gaza-aid flotilla in international
water. On the following morning, the
crossing point was effectively opened and restricted categories of Palestinian
civilians were allowed to travel through it.

 

Movement
at Rafah International Crossing Point

22 –
28 September 2010

 

Date

Details

22 September 2010

393 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 335 others
were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

23 September 2010

464 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 434 others
were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

24 September 2010

318 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 273 others
were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

25 September 2010

448 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 253 others
were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

26 September 2010

373 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 176 others
were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

27 September 2010

369 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 246 others
were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

28 September 2010

349 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 234 others
were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

 

Movement
at Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) Crossing

22 –
28 September 2010

 

Date

Imports

Category

Amount

Tons

Liters

22 September 2010

Foodstuffs

1,066

 

Agricultural materials

11

 

Various goods

560

 

Humanitarian aids

189

 

Cooking gas

89.820

 

Industrial fuel

 

321,583

26 September 2010

Foodstuffs

1,055

 

Agricultural materials

372

 

Various goods

1,500

 

Cooking gas

158

 

Industrial fuel

 

351,965

27 September 2010

Foodstuffs

893

 

Agricultural materials

450

 

Various goods

1,071

 

Humanitarian aids

756

 

Cooking gas

158

 

Benzene for UNRWA

 

31,000

28 September 2010

Foodstuffs

1,023

 

Agricultural materials

434

 

Various goods

1,451

 

Humanitarian aids

1,131

 

Cooking gas

180

 

Industrial fuel

 

518,954

 

Al-Mentar (Karni) Crossing: During
the reporting period, the crossing remained closed.
 

 

Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing: Israel has
continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the movement of Palestinian
civilians. IOF have allowed only diplomats, a number of international
journalists, employees of international agencies and a limited number of
patients who suffer from serious diseases to pass through the crossing. They
have continued to prevent Palestinian civilians from visiting their relatives
who are detained in Israeli jails. The small number of patients permitted to
pass through the crossing is only able to do so under severe restrictions that
include prolonged checking.

 

Movement
at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing

15 –
21 September 2010

 

Date

15
September

16
September

17
September

18
September

19
September

20
September

21
September

Patients

27

25

Nil

Nil

55

40

30

Companions

26

19

Nil

Nil

54

39

30

Palestinians from Israel

23

18

Nil

Nil

53

22

2

Diplomats

2

5

Nil

Nil

3

3

3

International Journalists

4

8

Nil

Nil

6

6

5

International Workers

25

72

Nil

Nil

3

23

42

Travelers abroad

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

3

Traders

14

11

Nil

Nil

27

17

24

Business People

9

7

Nil

Nil

11

11

9

Meetings

3

15

Nil

Nil

4

15

Nil

Ambulances to Israel

Nil

2

Nil

Nil

Nil

4

6

Ambulances from Israel

Nil

2

Nil

Nil

2

2

3

 

Movement
at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing

22 –
27 September 2010

 

Date

22
September

23
September

24
September

25
September

26
September

27
September

Patients

2

Nil

2

Nil

15

14

Companions

2

Nil

1

Nil

15

11

Palestinians from Israel

Nil

25

Nil

Nil

18

13

Diplomats

Nil

3

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

International Journalists

Nil

4

Nil

Nil

1

2

International Workers

Nil

48

Nil

Nil

15

25

Travelers abroad

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

7

4

Traders

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Business People

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Meetings

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Ambulances to Israel

1

Nil

Nil

Nil

1

5

Ambulances from Israel

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

5

1

 

The West Bank

 

Israel has imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the
reporting period, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of
Palestinian civilians.

 

· Jerusalem: IOF have continued to impose severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from the city.
Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip have
been denied access to the city. IOF have established many checkpoints around
and inside the city. Restrictions of the movement of Palestinian civilians
often escalate on Fridays, preventing Muslim Palestinians from praying at
al-Aqsa Mosque.  On Friday morning, 24
September 2010, IOF imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian
civilians. They reinforced their
presence throughout the city. They
prevented Palestinian aged below 50 from praying in the al-Aqsa Mosque.  

 

· Bethlehem: IOF
have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian
civilians. They have maintained their
presence at 41 checkpoints around the town. The town has been also impacted by the construction of the annexation
wall to the north and west, and large areas of Palestinian land have been
isolated by the wall. During the
reporting period, Israeli troops stationed at the 300 checkpoint (Rachel Toms),
north of Bethlehem, continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of
Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to Jerusalem. Palestinian civilians are forced to wait in
queues on two routes outside the checkpoint. They are then checked by Israeli soldiers using electronic checking
machines. Such checking is often
prolonged and humiliating. During the
reporting period, only Palestinians who have permits were allowed to travel to
Jerusalem.   

 

· Hebron: IOF have continued to
impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  On Saturday morning, 25 September 2010, IOF
closed the Ibrahimi Mosque in Hebron until Tuesday morning, 28 September
2010. On Sunday noon, IOF closed the
Ibrahimiya School allegedly to secure the movement of Israeli settlers during
Jewish holidays. On Monday morning, 27
September 2010, IOF established a checkpoint near al-Faihaa’ School to the
southwest of the Ibrahimi Mosque.  

 

· Nablus: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement
of Palestinian civilians. They have
continued to establish checkpoints on the roads leading to the city and to stop
and search Palestinian civilian vehicles. at approximately 08:00 on Thursday, 23 September 2010, IOF established a
checkpoint near Deir Sharaf intersection on Nablus- Tulkarm road. They stopped and searched Palestinian
civilian vehicles. At approximately
10:00 on Saturday, 25 September 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the
northwestern entrance of Iraq Bourin village, south of Nablus. They prevented Palestinian civilians from leaving
the village. At approximately 18:30 on
the same day, IOF established a checkpoint near Deir Sharaf intersection on
Nablus- Tulkarm road. They stopped and
searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.

 

· Ramallah: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement
of the Palestinian civilians in Ramallah. IOF troops positioned at the Jaba’ and Qalandiya checkpoints, southeast
of Ramallah, have imposed additional restrictions on movement and conducted prolonged
checks of Palestinian civilians.  During
the reporting period, IOF erected a number of temporary checkpoints, and
stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 07:00 on Saturday, 25
September 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Nabi Saleh
village, northwest of Ramallah. They
stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 08:20 on the same day, IOF
re-established their presence at ‘Attara checkpoint at the northern entrance of
Bir Zeit village, north of Ramallah. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 20:30 on Sunday, 10
September 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Beit Liqya
village, west of Ramallah. They stopped
and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.   

 

· Qalqilya:  IOF have continued to
impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have continued to close the agricultural
road located to the east of ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya, since 2009. The village is also separated from road #55,
which links between Nablus and Qalqilya, with a barbwire fence. The fence cuts off the village from
agricultural land belonging to it in the north. During the reporting period, IOF continued to erect temporary
checkpoints on the main roads leading to Qalqilya. At approximately 07:00 on Wednesday, 29
September 2010, IOF established a checkpoint on the main road in al-Fundoq
village, northeast of Qalqilya. They
stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

· Tulkarm: IOF have continued to impose
severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 16:00 on Friday, 24
September 2010, IOF established a checkpoint near Beit Leed intersection on
Tulkarm-Nablus road. They stopped and
searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 17:30 on the same day, IOF established a checkpoint at
the entrance of Qiffin village, north of Tulkarm. They stopped and searched Palestinian
civilian vehicles. At approximately
14:00 on Wednesday, 29 September 2010, IOF established a checkpoint 500 meters
away from Ennab checkpoint, east of Tulkarm. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.   

 

· Jenin: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement
of Palestinian civilians. At
approximately 09:30 on Monday, 27 September 2010, Israeli soldiers stationed at
a checkpoint near the western entrance of Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin,
held a Palestinian police vehicle for more than an hour.

 

· Salfit: IOF have continued to impose severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have continued to close the northern
entrance of Salfit with cement blocks and sand barriers since 2000. They have also continued to close two roads
linking Marda village with agricultural land belonging to it. 

 

· Jericho: IOF have continued to impose severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 08:00 on Friday, 24
September 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of al-Jiftlek
village, north of Jericho. They stopped
and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 08:45, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of
al-Zubaidat village, north of Jericho. At approximately 09:10 on the same day, IOF established a checkpoint at
the entrance of Marj al-Ghazal village, north of Jericho. They stopped and searched Palestinian
civilian vehicles.     

 

Arrests at Military Checkpoints

 

· At approximately 16:00 on Friday, 23 September
2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the northwestern entrance of Irqa Bourin
village, south of Nablus. They stopped
and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles and arrested two Palestinian
civilians: Yousef Hafez ‘Qi’dan, 42; and Ayman Khaled Shibli, 38.

 

· On Monday noon, 27 September 2010, Israeli
soldiers stationed in Jaber quarter to the south of the Ibrahimi Mosque in the
south of Hebron, arrested Sayel Rebhi Qwaider, 15, a student in Hebron School,
claiming that he did not obey orders to stop and he was suspected of throwing
stones.

 

4. Settlement
Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property

 

Israel
has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of
international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack
Palestinian civilians and property.

 

· At approximately 09:0 on Saturday, 25 September
2010, on the eve of the Israeli temporary freezing of settlement activities,
Israeli settlers from "Rafafa" settlement seized dozens of donums of
land in Deir Estia village, northwest of Salfit. According to eyewitnesses, the settlers
placed 22 mobile homes on a 30-donum area of agricultural land belonging to the
heirs of Mansour ‘Othman Abu Nasser, the heirs of Ahmed al-Sheikh ‘Abdul Haq,
the heirs of ‘Abdul Karim Abu Hajla, and ‘Abdul Qader Abu Sa’id. They also leveled areas of land belonging to
Fayez Abu Taha and Mahmoud Abu Samhan. According to eyewitnesses, land leveling by settlers is still
ongoing. The settlers also celebrated
the establishment of a new quarter in "Rafafa" settlement on Sunday,
21 September 2010. 

 

· At approximately 10:00 on Saturday, 25
September 2010, Israeli settlers from "Givat Ze’ev" settlement broke
into al-Zaytoun area in the south of Bitounia town, west of Ramallah, and
organized celebrations for the Jewish Sukkoth. Later, IOF moved into the area and evacuated the settlers. 

 

· On Saturday evening, Israeli settlers from
"Nukadim" settlement placed 3 mobile homes in al-Mas’hab area in
Khirbat Jib al-Theeb village, east of Bethlehem. According to Hassan Braijiya, Head of the
National Committee against the Wall and Settlement in Bethlehem, the settlers
placed the mobile homes on lands belonging to Palestinian civilians from
Khirbat Jib al-Theeb village, one day before the end of temporary freezing of
settlement activities.

 

· In the same context, Israeli settlers from
"Burkan" settlement continued to razed areas of Palestinian land in
‘Ein al-Matwa area, west of Salfit, to increase the number of factories in the
industrial zone of the settlement. The
settlers are currently razing areas of land belonging to the Eshtayeh family.

 

· On Sunday morning, 26 September 2010, dozens of
armed Israeli settlers, accompanied by bulldozers and escorted by IOF,
continued to lay foundations for a new settlement known as "Havat
Ma’oun" near "Ma’oun" settlement to the east of Yatta village,
south of Hebron.  

 

· On Sunday noon, Silvan Shalom, Deputy Israeli
Prime Minister, in the presence of dozens of settlers, put the corner stone of
a Jewish religious school near "Beir Rumano" settlement outpost in
Hebron in a celebration that was attended by a number of leaders of settles and
rightist members of the Israeli Knesset, who encouraged more settlement
activities and seizure of Palestinian property.

 

· On Monday morning, 27 September 2010, dozens of
Israeli settlers from "Kharsina" and "Kiryat Arba"
settlements in Wadi al-Hussain neighborhood in the southeast of Hebron gathered
to celebrate a decision taken by the Israeli government to establish a new
settler road that would link "Kiryat Arba" settlement with the
Ibrahimi Mosque in the old town of Hebron. The Israeli Minister of Transportation instructed officials in the
ministry to facilitate the establishment of the road. The road would be approximately 1,300 meters
long. The establishment of the road
would threaten dozens of old Palestinian houses, which were built hundreds of
years ago, as well as large areas of Palestinian agricultural land.

 

· On Monday noon, a number of armed Israeli
settlers, accompanied by a bulldozer and escorted by IOF, leveled a tract of
land, which they had seized in Wad al-Hussain neighborhood in Hebron, in order
to build on it. The 8-donum land belongs
to Mahmoud Jabet and Ziad Jaber, and was seized by Israeli settlers two years
ago. 

 

· In the same context, the Public Committee to Defend
Land in Hebron, stated that the so-called Israeli Military Organization
Commissioner issued this week an order to evacuate 44 donums of land belonging
to Mohammed Ibrahim al-Khamaisa in the northwest of Taffouh village, west of
Hebron, claiming that it is "a state land." 

 

· Also in the same context, Dr. Jamal Talab,
Director of the Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem, stated that Israeli
settlement activities have not been stopped, as 120 settlement have been
expanded. According to Talab, 1,520 housing
units are being built, 2,066 ones are in the process of contractions and 37,679
others would be built in the future. During the temporary freezing of settlement activities, 5,906 donums of
land were confiscated and 920 ones were leveled, according to Talab.  

 

…………………………………………………………

 

 

Recommendations to the International
Community

 

1. PCHR calls upon
the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their
legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure Israel’s
respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence
practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it
is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human
rights and humanitarian law.

 

2. PCHR calls upon
the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a
conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel’s respect of the Convention
in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.

 

3. PCHR calls upon
the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with
their legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for
and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.

 

4. PCHR calls for
the immediate implementation of the Advisory Opinion issued by the
International Court of Justice, which considers the construction of the
Annexation Wall inside the West Bank illegal.

 

5. PCHR recommends
that international civil society organizations, including human rights
organizations, bar associations and NGOs, participate in the process of
exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and urge their governments to bring the
perpetrators to justice.

 

6. PCHR calls upon
the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association
Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a
precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel. PCHR further calls upon the EU states to
prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.

 

7. PCHR calls on
the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was
implemented in September 2005, for what it is – not an end to occupation but a
compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza
Strip. 

 

8. In recognition
of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the
ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the facilitation
of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.

 

9. PCHR
appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights
organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue
their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel’s respect for human
rights in the OPT and to demand Israel end its attacks on Palestinian
civilians.

 

10. PCHR calls upon the international community to pressure Israel to
lift the severe restrictions imposed by the Israeli government and its
occupation forces on access for international organizations to the OPT.

 

11. PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on
international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful
and just solution of the Palestinian question. Rather, such an arrangement can only lead to further suffering and
instability in the region. Any peace
process or agreement must be based on respect for international law, including
international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

 

 

  

 

 

 

…………………………………………………………

 

Public Document

For further information please visit
our website (www.pchrgaza.org) or contact
PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email (pchr@pchrgaza.org) or telephone (+972 (0)8
282 4776 – 282 5893).

 

 

 

 

 



[1]
One donum is equal to 1,000 square meters.