The building in which Israeli
Occupation Forces killed two Palestinian activists in Hebron on Friday, 08
October 2010

 

Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Continue Systematic Attacks against
Palestinian Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)

 

· IOF killed two
Palestinians in Hebron.  

 

· IOF attempted
to extra-judicially execute a Palestinian in the Gaza Strip

 The targeted person, his friend and two passing
children were wounded.

 

· IOF continued
to use force against peaceful protests in the West Bank.

 A Palestinian child
was wounded.

 IOF arrested 3
Palestinian civilians and 4 international human rights defenders. 

 

· IOF continued
to fire at Palestinian workers an farmers in border areas in the Gaza Strip.

 Two minor workers were wounded.

 

· IOF conducted 27
incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank.  

 IOF arrested 33
Palestinian civilians, including 9 children and an old man.

 

· Israel has
continued to impose a total siege on the OPT and has isolated the Gaza Strip
from the outside world.

 Israeli troops
stationed at military checkpoints and border crossings in the West Bank
arrested at least 8 Palestinian civilians.

 IOF arrested a
Palestinian trader at Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing in the northern Gaza Strip.

 

· IOF have
continued settlement activities in the West Bank and Israeli settlers have
continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

 An Israeli settler ran down two Palestinian
children in Silwan village in Jerusalem.

 IOF razed 17 donums[1]
of land in Taffouh and Beit Ummar villages near Hebron.

 IOF imposed restrictions on the movement of
Palestinian farmers near Israeli settlements and the annexation wall.

 

 

Summary

 

Israeli violations of international
law and humanitarian law in the OPT continued during the reporting period (07 –
13 October 2010):

 

Shooting:

 

During the reporting period, IOF killed two activists of the
Palestinian resistance in the West Bank, and wounded 9 Palestinians, including
6 children, in the Gaza Strip and a child in the West Bank. 

 

In the West Bank, on 08 October 2010, IOF killed two Palestinian
activists affiliated to the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades, the armed wing
of the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas), in Hebron. The two activists
were killed in an wide-scale military operation that IOF implemented in a
residential neighborhood in the south of Hebron. During this operation,
IOF shelled a number of houses claiming that the two activists were hiding
inside them. 

 

On 11 October 2010, a Palestinian child was wounded in Silwan
village, south of the old town of Jerusalem, when IOF fired at children who
demonstrated in protest to the detention of 4 children.

 

During the reporting period, IOF used excessive force to disperse
peaceful demonstrations organized in protest to Israeli settlement activities
and the construction of the annexation wall. As a result, a Palestinian child was wounded, and dozens of Palestinian
civilians and international human rights defenders suffered from tear gas
inhalation or sustained bruises. IOF
also arrested 3 Palestinian civilians and 4 international human rights
defenders. The human rights defenders
were released later.  

 

In the Gaza Strip, on 07 October
2010, IOF attempted to extra-judicially execute a Palestinian in the Gaza
Strip, but he survived the attempt as he and another 4 civilians, including two
children, were wounded. 

 

During the reporting period, two minor Palestinian workers were
wounded when Israeli soldiers stationed at the border between the Gaza Strip
and Israel fired at them while collecting raw construction materials. 

 

Also during the reporting period, Israeli gunboats opened fire at
Palestinian fishing boats in two separate incidents in the northern Gaza
Strip. 

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, IOF conducted at least 27 military
incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank, during which they
arrested 33 Palestinian civilians, including 9 children and an old man.  

 

During the military operation in Hebron on 08 October 2010, IOF
held and harassed dozens of Palestinian civilians. They also destroyed 3 apartments, damaged 4
houses, demolished a store, damaged two stores, destroyed a car, and arrested
12 Palestinian civilians.

 

Restrictions
on Movement:
Israel had continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and
imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the
Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza
Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza
Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza
Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact
on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. 

 

· The illegal closure has caused not only a
humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the
population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the
blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of
the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of
the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip
and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply
shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become
internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no
longer suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain
economically dependent and unable to care for themselves, and socially,
culturally and academically isolated from the rest of the world.

 

· Expanding the list of items allowed into Gaza
does not change the illegality of this policy, which is inconsistent with
Israel’s legal obligations both as an Occupying Power and under international
human rights treaties to which it is party, such as the International Covenant
on Civil and Political Rights. 

 

· For more than 40 months, IOF have continued to
deny at least 710 Palestinians from the Gaza Strip detained in Israeli jails
their right to family visitation.  

 

· IOF have increased the amounts of goods allowed in the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have continued to ban the entry of raw construction materials into
the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have imposed a ban on all exports from the Gaza Strip. 

 

· Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international
diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza
Strip. They have prevented representatives of several international
humanitarian organizations from entering the Gaza Strip.

 

· Living conditions of the Palestinian civilian population have
seriously deteriorated; levels of poverty and unemployment have mounted
sharply.

 

West Bank

 

IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of
Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank, including occupied East
Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza
Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.

 

· IOF have established checkpoints in and around Jerusalem, severely
restricting Palestinian access to the city. Civilians are frequently prevented
from praying at al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.

 

· There are approximately 585 permanent roadblocks, and manned and
unmanned checkpoints across the West Bank.

 

· When complete, the illegal Annexation Wall will stretch for 724 kilometers
around the West Bank, further isolating the entire population. 350 kilometers of
the Wall have already been constructed. Approximately 99% of the Wall has been
constructed inside the West Bank itself, further confiscating Palestinian land.

 

· At least 65% of the main roads that lead to 18 Palestinian
communities in the West Bank are closed or fully controlled by IOF.

 

· There are approximately 500 kilometers of
restricted roads across the West Bank. In addition, approximately one third of
the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, is inaccessible to
Palestinians without a permit issued by the IOF. These permits are extremely
difficult to obtain.

 

· IOF continue to harass, and assault demonstrators who hold peaceful
protests against the construction of the Annexation Wall.

 

· Palestinian civilians continue to be harassed by IOF in Jerusalem,
and across the West Bank, including being regularly stopped and searched in the
streets by IOF.

 

Settlement
Activities:

 

Israel has continued its settlement
activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and
Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property. 

 

On
08 October 2010, an Israeli settler traveling in his car chased a number of
Palestinian children and attempted to run them down in Silwan village to the
south of the old town of Jerusalem. As a
result, two children were injured. 

 

On
10 October 2010, bulldozer of the Israeli Ben Ari Company, escorted by IOF,
began to level large areas of Palestinian land in Tafouh village, west of
Hebron. These areas of land had been
confiscated by IOF in 1982. At least 7
donums of land were leveled.

 

On the
same day, Israeli settlers who had seized house belonging to Qirsh family in
al-Sa’diya quarter in the old town of Jerusalem, vacated the furniture of 5
houses and transported it to a store in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood. Earlier, on 08 October 2010, two guards of the houses seized by Israeli settlers, in
the presence of Israeli police officers, attacked Kamal Mazen Qirsh, 20, when
he was checking a water pipeline of his house. 

 

On
12 October 2010, Israeli settlers from "Karmi Tsur" settlement, north
of Hebron, escorted by IOF, leveled areas of land near the settlement for the
purpose of expanding the settlement. These areas of land belong to the families of Bahar and Abu Maria. At least 10 donums of land were leveled.

 

During the reporting period, Israeli settlers attacked Palestinian
farmers while cultivating olives. IOF
also imposed restrictions on access of Palestinian farmers to their olive
fields. 

 

 

Israeli
Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (07 – 13 October 2010)

 

1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian
Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 07 October 2010

 

· At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Ta’nak
and ‘Aanin villages, northwest of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 00:50, an Israeli warplanes
fired a missile at a training site of the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades (the
armed wing of Hamas) to the west of al-Maqqoussi housing project in Sheikh
Radwan neighborhood in the north of Gaza City. A store in the site was destroyed, windows of neighboring houses were
broken and 3 cars were damaged. No
casualties were reported.

 

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Zawata
village, west of Nablus. They raided and
searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Mahmoud
Khalil Joudallah, 21; and

2. Anas
Khalil Joudallah, 18.

 

· Also at approximately 01:30, IOF moved into
‘Ein Beit al-Maa’ refugee camp, west of Nablus.  They raided and searched a number of houses
and arrested Anwar ‘Abdul Rahman Ashqar, 30.

 

· At approximately 05:00, IOF moved into Bardala
village in the northern Jordan Valley, east of Tubas. They raided houses belonging to a number of
Palestinian farmers, and summoned them for interrogation.

 

· At approximately 08:30, IOF moved into Fassayel
village, north of Jericho. They
patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 15:40, Israeli soldiers stationed
on observation towers at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the
northwest of the northern Gaza Strip town of Beit Lahia opened fire at a number
of Palestinian workers who were collecting raw construction materials from a
site where the evacuated Israeli settlement of "Elli Sinai" used to
stand. As a result, Mahmoud Ziad ‘Abdul
Jawad, 17, from Beit Lahia, was wounded by a bullet to the right thigh, when he
was 400 meters away from the border.

 

· At approximately 16:30, IOF moved into al-‘Ouja
village, north of Jericho. They
patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Beit
Liqya village, west of Ramallah. They
patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 22:30, IOF moved into Kufor
al-Labad village, east of Tulkarm. They
raided a house belonging to ‘Abdullah Yassin Fuqaha, 45. An Israeli intelligence officer questioned
Fuqaha about his detention by IOF from 2007 to 2010. He also questioned him about his detention by
Palestinian security services. In the
meantime, Israeli soldiers were searching the house. Another intelligence officer warned Fuqaha
not to carry out any activity against IOF. IOF withdrew from the village two hours later, and no arrests were
reported.

 

Friday, 08 October  2010

 

· In the dawn, IOF killed two Palestinian
activists affiliated to the ‘Izziddin al-Qassam Brigades, the armed wing
of the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas), in Hebron. The two activists
were killed in an wide-scale military operation that IOF implemented in a
residential neighborhood in the south of Hebron. During this operation,
IOF shelled a number of houses claiming that the two activists were hiding
inside them. 

 

According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately
23:00 on Thursday evening, 07 October 2010, an IOF drone flew over the south of
Hebron. In the meanwhile, IOF military patrols extensively deployed in
Jabal Johar, Abu Esneina and al-Salaymeh areas and near Tariq Bin Zeyad,
al-Mukhtar and al-Diq crossroads. At approximately 23:50, Israeli troops
stormed al-Okhwa quarter in the center of Jabal Johar area and closed the area
from the different directions. Amid firing, IOF surrounded many houses
opposite to al-Shuhada Mosque. They particularly targeted a 3-storey
residential building, which belongs to Sa’di Mousa Yousef Barqan and his
brother Radwan. The first and second floors of the building include
residential apartments where more than 30 people, mostly women and children,
live. The ground floor includes a number of stores. 

 

IOF called for backups and Israeli soldiers used megaphones to call
on residents of the mentioned house. They forced them to leave their house
amid firing of bullets and sound bombs, and to gather in front of the building
with their hands up. Israeli soldiers took positions atop of neighboring
houses and used them as bases to fire at the aforementioned
building. According to testimonies given by eyewitnesses, crossfire was
heard in the area for a few minutes, and IOF then continued to fire at the
building from various directions. They fired bullets from machineguns,
medium caliber bullets and M-16 gun grenades, causing damages to different
parts of the targeted building. 

 

At approximately 01:40 on Friday, 08 October 2010, IOF brought a
bulldozer and a digging machine that drove to the building. The bulldozer
demolished the external walls and gate of the building and the corridor, and a
part of the garden of a neighboring building. The digging machine then
moved to assist the bulldozer and demolished parts of the building from the
east and the south. At approximately 02:30, eyewitnesses saw two bodies on
the ground near a fig tree behind the targeted building. IOF continued to
demolish and destroy large parts of the building over its contents. They
also continued to search the debris, the demolished parts of the building, the
surroundings and inside the building. They fired bullets and used tracker
dogs during their search. 

 

At approximately 10:00 on Friday, 08 October 2010, a number of
locals managed to arrive at the spot where the two bodies were left, and
managed to remove them from the area. The two bodies were transferred
through alleys to Mohammed Ali al-Muhtaseb Hospital in the south of
Hebron. Later, the two activists were recognized as:

 

1. Nashat
Na’im al-Karmi, 33, from Toulkarem, who was hit by two heavy bullets to the
upper jaw and the head; and

2.  Ma’moun
Taysir Yasin Natsheh, 25, from Hebron, who was hit by two bullets to the upper
jaw and in the right shoulder. 

 

The Israeli military operation also resulted in the demolition of
three residential apartments, the area of each is 120 m2, including
two inhabited ones. In addition, four houses, whose areas range between
100 and 120 m2, including two inhabited ones, were heavily damaged,
a store was completely destroyed and another two stores were partially
damaged.  A 1983 Subaru private car was also destroyed and electrical and
water networks in the area were damaged. 

 

During the
operation, IOF arrested 12 Palestinian civilians, including 3 brothers and
their uncle:

 

1. Radwan
Mousa Barqan, 54;

2. Mousa
Sa’di Barqan, 27;

3. ‘Alaa’
Sa’di Barqan, 25;

4. Haroun
Sa’di Barqan, 23;

5. Mohammed
‘Abdul Raziq al-Rajabi, 32;

6. Najib
‘Abdul Rahim Taha, 28;

7. ‘Alaa’
Abu Sbaih;

8. Shaddad
Erfa’iya;

9. Rushdi
Abu Rmouz;

10. Helmi
al-Zaru;

11. Mos’ab
al-Atrash; and

12. Ibrahim
Abu Rmouz.

 

· At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Zeita
village, north of Tulkarm. They
patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrested were reported.

 

· At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into Shwaika
suburb, north of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time and
withdrew later. No arrested were
reported.

 

Saturday, 09 October 2010

 

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Zeita
village, north of Tulkarm. They
patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrested were reported.

 

· At approximately 18:00, IOF moved into Deir
Estia village, northwest of Salfit. They
patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrested were reported.

 

Sunday, 10 October 2010

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into ‘Azzoun
village, east of Qalqilya. They raided
and searched a number of houses and arrested 6 Palestinian civilians, including
3 children:

 

1. ‘Amru
‘Omran Hussein, 15;

2. Lu’ai
Yousef Abu Haniya, 15;

3. Ibrahim
Nidal Salim, 18;

4. Majd
Saber Radwan, 23;

5. Mujahed
Saber Radwan, 25; and

6. ‘Ammar
Yasser Hussein, 16.

 

· At approximately 06:45, Israeli gunboats
stationed opposite to Beit Lahia beach in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire
at Palestinian fishing boats. No
casualties were reported.

 

Monday, 11 October 2010

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Kufol
Hares village, north of Salfit. They
raided and searched a number of houses and arrested two Palestinian children:

 

1. ‘Alaa’
Ra’d al-Qaq, 16; and

2. Lu’ai
Ra’ed al-Qaq, 17.

 

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Beit
Reema village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Suhaib Mo’in
al-‘Aalem, 18, and summoned him for interrogation. When he went on the following day to the
interrogation center in Oufar military post, IOF arrested him.

 

· At approximately 07:15, Israeli gunboats
stationed opposite to Beit Lahia beach in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire
at Palestinian fishing boats. No
casualties were reported.

 

· At approximately 17:30, an Israeli military
undercover unit moved into Silwan village to the south of the old town of
Jerusalem, wearing civilian clothes. Israeli soldiers arrested 4 Palestinian children. Soon, dozens of Palestinian children gathered
and threw stones at Israeli soldiers who immediately fired rubber-coated metal
bullets and sound bombs at the children. As a result, 11-year-old Suleiman ‘Abed Siam was wounded by a
rubber-coated metal bullet to the left knee, and shrapnel from a sound bombs to
the left eye. IOF released the four
children on the following day morning. They are: Mohammed Mansour, 13; Jihad Shwaiki, 12; Bahaa’ al-Rajabi, 12;
and Eihab Shwaiki, 12.

 

Tuesday, 12
October 2010

 

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Jayous
village, northeast of Qalqilya. They
raided and searched a number of houses and arrested ‘Alaa’ Fahim Shamasna, 24. They also summoned Mahdi ‘Essam Noufal, 21,
for interrogation.

 

· At approximately 09:30, IOF moved into
Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets
for some time and withdrew later. No
arrests were reported.

 

· Also at approximately 09:30, IOF moved into
Seilat al-Harthiya village, northwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a number of houses, but no arrests were
reported.

 

· Also at approximately 09:30, IOF moved into Kfiret
village, west of Jenin. They patrolled
in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

Wednesday, 13 October 2010

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Jayous
village, northeast of Qalqilya. They
patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Yassid
village, northwest of Nablus. They
raided and searched a number of houses and arrested Dib As’ad Mashaqi, 70, and
his son Hussam, 27.

 

· Also at approximately 01:30, IOF moved into
Northern ‘Assira village, north of Nablus. They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 02:20, IOF moved into
Maithaloun village, southeast of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Ussama
Jameel Rabai’a, 40, and arrested him. They then raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Tha’er
Mohammed Rabai’a, 24, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 08:40, Israeli soldiers
stationed on observation towers at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel
to the north of the Bedouin Village in the northern Gaza Strip fired at a
number of Palestinian workers who were colleting raw construction materials
from the industrial zone. As a result,
Ahmed Tawfiq Abu Hashish, 17, from the Bedouin village, was wounded by a bullet
to the right foot, when he was approximately 600 meters away from the border.

 

· At approximately 22:00, IOF moved into Beit
Liqya village, west of Ramallah. They
patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.  

 

2. Use
of Excessive Force against Peaceful Demonstrations Protesting Settlement
Activities and the Construction of the Annexation Wall

 

During the reporting period, IOF
used force against peaceful demonstrations organized by Palestinian civilians
and international and Israeli human rights defenders in protest to the
construction of the Wall and settlement activities in the West Bank. As a result, a Palestinian child was
wounded. Dozens of civilians and human
rights defenders also suffered from tear gas inhalation and others sustained
bruises. IOF also arrested 4
international human rights defenders and 3 Palestinian civilians. The human rights defenders were released
later.   

 

· Following the Friday Prayer on 08 October 2010, dozens of
Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organized
a peaceful demonstration in protest to the construction of the Annexation Wall
in Bil’ein village, west of Ramallah. They moved towards the annexation wall. Israeli troops stationed in the area fired rubber-coated metal bullets,
sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. As a result, a number of demonstrators suffered
from tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises as they were beaten by
Israeli troops.  

 

· Also following the Friday Prayer on 08 October 2010, dozens of
Palestinian civilians and international and human rights defenders organized a
peaceful demonstration in Ne’lin village, west of Ramallah, in protest against
the construction of the Annexation Wall. They clashed with Israeli troops positioned near the Wall. Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal
bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at demonstrators. As a result, several demonstrators suffered
from tear gas inhalation, and others sustained bruises.  

 

· Also following the Friday Prayer on 08 October 2010, dozens of
Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders
organized a peaceful demonstration in Nabi Saleh village, northwest of
Ramallah, in protest against land confiscations in the Wad al-Raya area between
the villages of Nabi Saleh and Deir Nizam. When the demonstrators attempted to reach areas of land seized by
Israeli settlers near "Halmish" settlement, Israeli troops fired
rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, Karim Saleh Ayoub, 13, was wounded
by a rubber-coated metal bullet to the head. A number of demonstrators also suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

· At approximately 11:30 on Saturday, 07 October 2010, dozens of
Palestinian civilians and international human rights defenders organized a
peaceful demonstration in Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They moved towards areas of Palestinian land,
which are threatened of confiscation by IOF, near "Karmi Tsur" settlement,
south of the village. IOF attacked and
fired at the demonstrators.  Israeli
soldiers arrested 4 international human rights defenders and 3 Palestinian
civilians. They released the human
rights defenders later, but kept the 3 civilians in custody. These civilians are: Jihad Hisham Abu Maria, 20;
Hussein Shihda Slaibi, 18; and Zaid Mohammed ‘Awadh, 28.

 

3. Extra-Judicial Execution

 

During the reporting period, IOF
attempted to extra-judicially execute a Palestinian in the Gaza Strip, but he
survived the attempt as he and another 4 civilians, including two children,
were wounded. 

 

According to investigations
conducted by PCHR, at approximately 15:40 on Thursday, 07 October 2010, an
Israeli warplane fired a missile at a civilian car that was traveling on the
bridge linking between al-Mughraqa village and Nussairat refugee camp in the
central Gaza Strip. An activist of the
Palestinian resistance affiliated to Fatah movement and one of his friends, in
addition to the driver, were traveling in the car. The missile landed in front of the car, so
the activist jumped out of it. He was
wounded by shrapnel to the left thigh. The other two persons in the car and two passing children were also
wounded:

 

1. ‘Abdul
Ra’ouf Ahmed al-Safadi, 27, from al-Daraj neighborhood in Gaza City, wounded by
shrapnel to the left hand;

2. Eihab
‘Abdul Fattah Wishah, 29, from Nussairat refugee camp, the driver, wounded by
shrapnel to the thighs;

3. Anwar
Yahia Abu Jahjouh, 10, from Nussairat refugee camp, wounded by shrapnel to the
feet; and

4. Eshraf
Yahia Abu Jahjouh, 2, from Nussairat refugee camp, wounded by shrapnel to the
abdomen.

 

4. Continued Closure of the OPT

 

Israel has continued to impose a tightened closure of the OPT and
imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the
Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza
Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza
Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza
Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous
impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. 

 

· The illegal closure has caused not only a
humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the
population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the
blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of
the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of
the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip
and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply
shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become
internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no
longer suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain
economically dependent and unable to care for themselves, and socially,
culturally and academically isolated from the rest of the world.

 

· Expanding the list of items allowed into Gaza
does not change the illegality of this policy, which is inconsistent with
Israel’s legal obligations both as an Occupying Power and under international
human rights treaties to which it is party, such as the International Covenant
on Civil and Political Rights. 

 

· Facts on the ground refute Israeli claims with respect to the
easing of the closure imposed on the Gaza Strip and the reduction of
restrictions imposed on the entry of goods.

 

· Israeli declaration of allowing new goods to be entered into the
Gaza Strip constitutes an attempt to delude the international community, as
such goods do not meet the minimal needs of the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have continued to ban the entry of raw construction materials
into the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have imposed a ban on all exports from the Gaza Strip. 

 

· Israel had continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing to
Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to the West Bank and Israeli for
medical treatment, trade or social visits.

 

· Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international
diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza
Strip. They have prevented representatives of several international
humanitarian organizations from entering the Gaza Strip.

 

· Living conditions of the Palestinian civilian population have
seriously deteriorated; levels of poverty and unemployment have mounted
sharply.

 

Movement at
Border Crossings during the Reporting Period:

 

At approximately 13:00 on Tuesday, 01 June 2010, the Egyptian
authorities decided to open Rafah International Crossing Point on the Egyptian
border in both directions without specifying a date for its closure. The Egyptian decisions came following the
Israeli attack on the Gaza-aid flotilla in international water. On the following morning, the crossing point
was effectively opened and restricted categories of Palestinian civilians were
allowed to travel through it.

 

Movement
at Rafah International Crossing Point

06 –
12 October 2010

 

Date

Details

06 October 2010

267 Palestinians were
allowed to travel to Egypt and 175 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

07 October 2010

337 Palestinians were
allowed to travel to Egypt and 245 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

08 October 2010

177 Palestinians were
allowed to travel to Egypt and 210 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

09 October 2010

229 Palestinians were
allowed to travel to Egypt and 220 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

10 October 2010

248 Palestinians were
allowed to travel to Egypt and 183 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

11 October 2010

272 Palestinians were
allowed to travel to Egypt and 246 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

12 October 2010

218 Palestinians were
allowed to travel to Egypt and 256 others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

 

Movement
at Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) Crossing

05 –
12 October 2010

 

Date

Imports

Category

Amount

Tons

Liters

05 October 2010

Foodstuffs

2,780

 

Agricultural materials

204

 

Various goods

1,576

 

Humanitarian aids

60

 

Cooking gas

97.080

 

Industrial fuel

 

359,991

06 October 2010

Foodstuffs

814

 

Agricultural materials

134

 

Various goods

1,552

 

Humanitarian aids

487

 

Cooking gas

158

 

Industrial fuel

 

451,503

07 October 2010

Foodstuffs

831

 

Agricultural materials

193

 

Various goods

966

 

Humanitarian aids

195

 

Cooking gas

160

 

Industrial fuel

 

447,994

10 October 2010

Foodstuffs

1,174

 

Agricultural materials

256

 

Various goods

1,831

 

Humanitarian aids

161

 

Cooking gas

158

 

Diesel

 

45,000

Industrial fuel

 

432,514

11 October 2010

Foodstuffs

1,000

 

Agricultural materials

210

 

Various goods

1,008

 

Humanitarian aids

95

 

Cooking gas

136

 

Diesel

 

225,005

Benzene

 

29,499

Industrial fuel

 

180,000

12 October 2010

Foodstuffs

983

 

Agricultural materials

256

 

Various goods

1,140

 

Humanitarian aids

329

 

Cooking gas

166

 

Industrial fuel

 

308,005

 

Al-Mentar
(Karni) Crossing:
During the reporting period, IOF partially
opened the crossing on Wednesday, 06 October 2010, and allowed the entry of 1,287
tons of wheat and 2,847 of fodder.  They
opened against on Monday, 11 October 2010, and allowed the entry of 1,365 tons
of wheat and 3,276 tons of fodder.  

 

Beit
Hanoun (Erez) Crossing:
Israel has continued to close Beit Hanoun
(Erez) crossing for the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have allowed
only diplomats, a number of international journalists, employees of
international agencies and a limited number of patients who suffer from serious
diseases to pass through the crossing. They have continued to prevent
Palestinian civilians from visiting their relatives who are detained in Israeli
jails. The small number of patients permitted to pass through the crossing is
only able to do so under severe restrictions that include prolonged checking. On Tuesday, 12 October 2010, Israeli soldiers
stationed at the crossing arrested Husni Ahmed Abu Raida, 43, a car trader from
Khuza’a village, east of Khan Yunis.

 

Movement
at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing

06 –
12 October 2010

 

Date

06
October

07
October

08
October

09
October

10
October

11
October

12
October

Patients

28

23

1

Nil

38

20

34

Companions

24

24

1

Nil

40

22

28

Palestinians from Israel

9

3

6

Nil

29

7

4

Diplomats

9

4

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

3

International Journalists

3

7

1

Nil

3

1

3

International Workers

37

65

22

Nil

26

40

17

Travelers abroad

4

18

2

Nil

2

Nil

Nil

Traders

19

21

Nil

Nil

18

23

24

Business People

15

3

Nil

Nil

11

14

7

Meetings

7

10

Nil

Nil

8

Nil

5

Ambulances to Israel

5

1

2

Nil

3

2

1

Ambulances from Israel

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

 

The
West Bank

 

Israel
has imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the reporting period,
IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.

 

· Jerusalem: IOF have continued to impose severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from the city.
Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip have
been denied access to the city. IOF have established many checkpoints around
and inside the city. Restrictions of the movement of Palestinian civilians often
escalate on Fridays, preventing Muslim Palestinians from praying at al-Aqsa
Mosque.     

 

· Bethlehem: IOF
have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian
civilians. They have maintained their
presence at 41 checkpoints around the town. The town has been also impacted by the construction of the annexation
wall to the north and west, and large areas of Palestinian land have been
isolated by the wall. During the
reporting period, Israeli troops stationed at the 300 checkpoint (Rachel Toms),
north of Bethlehem, continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of
Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to Jerusalem. Palestinian civilians are forced to wait in
queues on two routes outside the checkpoint. They are then checked by Israeli soldiers using electronic checking
machines. Such checking is often
prolonged and humiliating. During the
reporting period, only Palestinians who have permits were allowed to travel to
Jerusalem.   

 

· Nablus: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement
of Palestinian civilians. They have
continued to establish checkpoints on the roads leading to the city and to stop
and search Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 08:00 on Sunday, 10 October 2010, IOF closed Hawara
checkpoint, south of Nablus. The closure
of the checkpoint continued until 09:00. 

 

· Ramallah: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement
of the Palestinian civilians in Ramallah. IOF troops positioned at the Jaba’ and Qalandiya checkpoints, southeast
of Ramallah, have imposed additional restrictions on movement and conducted
prolonged checks of Palestinian civilians. During the reporting period, IOF erected a number of temporary
checkpoints, and stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 08:45 on Friday, 08 October
2010, IOF re-established their presence at ‘Attara checkpoint at the northern
entrance of Bir Zeit village, north of Ramallah. They stopped and searched Palestinian
civilian vehicles. At approximately
17:00 on Saturday, 08 October 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the
entrance of Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah. They stopped and searched Palestinian
civilian vehicles. At approximately 22:35
also on Saturday, IOF established a checkpoint under Kharabtha al-Misbah
Bridge, west of Ramallah. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian
vehicles.     

 

· Qalqilya: IOF have continued to
impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have continued to close the agricultural
road located to the east of ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya, since 2009. The village is also separated from road #55,
which links between Nablus and Qalqilya, with a barbwire fence. The fence cuts off the village from
agricultural land belonging to it in the north. During the reporting period, IOF continued to erect temporary
checkpoints on the main roads leading to Qalqilya. At approximately 19:40 on Monday, 04 October
2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the northern entrance of ‘Izbat al-Tabib
village, east of Qalqilya. They stopped
and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 06:30, IOF closed the gates of Jayous village,
northeast of Qalqilya, and denied access of Palestinian farmers to their lands
to cultivate olives.

 

· Tulkarm: IOF have continued to
impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 18:00 on Thursday, 07
October 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at Ramin intersection, east of
Tulkarm. They stopped and searched
Palestinian civilian vehicles.    

 

· Jenin: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement
of Palestinian civilians. At
approximately 21:00 on Thursday, 07 October 2010, IOF established a checkpoint on
Ya’bad-Zibda road, southwest of Jenin. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilians vehicles. 

 

· Salfit: IOF have continued to impose severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have continued to close the northern
entrance of Salfit with cement blocks and sand barriers since 2000. They have also continued to close two roads
linking Marda village with agricultural land belonging to it. 

 

· Jericho: IOF have continued to impose severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 18:20 on Friday, 08 October
2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of ‘Ein al-Dyouk village,
north of Jericho. They stopped and
searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.      

 

Arrests
at Military Checkpoints

 

· At approximately 15:30 on Thursday, 07 October
2010, Israeli soldiers stationed at Hawara checkpoint, south of Nablus,
arrested Mohammed Bashar Shabaru, 15, and Ahmed ‘Abdul Karim al-Kharaz, 15,
claiming that they were carrying explosives.

 

· At approximately 11:25 on Friday, 08 October
2010, IOF closed Hawara checkpoint, south of Nablus, and detained 17-year-old
Mahmoud Saleh Jabarin, claiming that he was carrying a knife. They interrogated him and released him an
hour later.

 

· At approximately 13:20 on Sunday, Israeli
soldiers stationed at Hawara checkpoint, south of Nablus, arrested ‘Abdul Hadi
‘Azzam Jawabra, 38, from Northern ‘Assira village north of Nablus, a professor
in al-Najah University in Nablus.

 

· At approximately 14:00 on Monday, 11 October
2010, Israeli soldiers stationed at a checkpoint established at al-Sarra
intersection, south of Hebron, arrested Sajeda Rezeq al-‘Awawda, 20. They interrogated her about her husband who
has been detained by IOF. They released
her at 18:00 on the same day.

 

· At approximately 10:00 on Wednesday, 13 October
2010, IOF arrested Mohammed ‘Ayad ‘Awadh, an activist against Israeli
settlement activities; Ma’moun Isma’il Wazwaz, 35, a cameraman of Rueters; and
Hazem Bader, a cameraman of France Press, while they were photographing areas
of Palestinian land that had been leveled by Israeli settlers near "Karmi
Tsur" settlement, north of Hebron. IOF confiscated their cameras and held them for two hours, during which
an Israeli settler insulted them. At
approximately 13:20, IOF took the three detainees to a police station near
"Kiryat Arba" settlement, southeast of Hebron, claiming that they
were present in a closed military zone. A police officer questioned them, and they were released at
approximately 14:40.

 

Harassment at Military Checkpoints

 

· At approximately 17:30 on Monday, 11 October
2010, an Israeli police vehicle chased for no apparent reason a Palestinian
civilian vehicle in al-Carmel area to the east of Yatta village, south of
Hebron. Eleven Palestinian workers were
traveling in the civilian vehicle. Israeli police officers stopped the vehicle and ordered the driver,
24-year-old Sa’ed al-Dabdoub, to step down and he did. They then threw stones at him and forced him
to lie on the ground. They forced all
passengers to step down and lie on the ground. The police officer hit and insulted them. An hour later, the police released the
passenger, but kept the driver in custody and confiscated the vehicle, claming
that he transported workers who do not had permits into Israel.  Three passengers were injured:

 

1. Ra’fat
Mousa Makhamra, 20, injured in the left arm and sustained bruises throughout
the body;

2. Hijazi
Nasser al-Nawaj’a, 18, sustained cuts and bruises to the face; and

3. Mohammed
Ghazi Makhamra, 20, sustained bruises throughout the body.

 

5. Settlement
Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property

 

Israel has continued its settlement
activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and
Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

 

· On Friday afternoon, 08 October 2010, an
Israeli settler traveling in his car chased a number of Palestinian children
and attempted to run them down in Silwan village to the south of the old town
of Jerusalem. As a result, two children
were injured. 

 

According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately
13:00 on Friday, a number of Palestinian children gathered near al-Bustan
quarter in Silwan village. An Israeli settler living in a settlement outpost in
Wad Hilwa neighborhood, who was traveling fast in his car moved towards the
children, so they threw stones at him in an attempt to drive him away from
them. Soon, the settler ran two children
down: ‘Omran Mansour, 10, who sustained bruises to the shoulder; and Eyad
Ghaith, 10, who sustained bruises to the
foot.  The settlers was identified as Gad
David Perry, former commander of Israeli military undercover units in the West
Bank.

 

· On Sunday morning, 10 October 2010, bulldozer
of the Israeli Ben Ari Company, escorted by IOF, began to level large areas of
Palestinian land in Tafouh village, west of Hebron. These areas of land had been confiscated by
IOF in 1982.  At least 7 donums of land
were leveled.

 

· On Sunday noon, 10 October 2010, Israeli
settlers who had seized house belonging to Qirsh family in al-Sa’diya quarter
in the old town of Jerusalem, vacated the furniture of 5 houses and transported
it to a store in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood. It should be noted that the Qirsh family had filed a petition at the
Israeli District Court two months ago to prevent the settlers from vacating the
furniture. However, following another
petition filed by Israeli settlers, the court allowed them to vacate the
furniture. 

 

Earlier, on Friday, 08 October 2010, two guards of the houses
seized by Israeli settlers, in the presence of Israeli police officers,
attacked Kamal Mazen Qirsh, 20, when he was checking a water pipeline of his
house. When Qirsh attempted to stop the
attack, Israeli police officers detained for 3 hours. They also forced him to stay one week away
from his house.

 

· On Tuesday morning, 12 October 2010, Israeli
settlers from "Karmi Tsur" settlement, north of Hebron, escorted by
IOF, leveled areas of land near the settlement for the purpose of expanding the
settlement. These areas of land belong
to the families of Bahar and Abu Maria.  At least 10 donums of land were leveled.

 

· During the reporting period, Israeli settlers
attacked Palestinian farmers while cultivating olives. IOF also imposed restrictions on access of
Palestinian farmers to their olive fields. 

 

 At approximately 06:15 on Saturday, 09 October
2010, IOF closed the southern gate of Jayous village, northeast of Qalqilya,
and prevented Palestinian farmers from reaching their lands to cultivate
olives.

 

 At approximately 06:30 on Tuesday, 12 October
2010, Israeli soldiers stationed at the gates of Mas’ha village, northwest of
Salfit, prevented Palestinian farmers from reaching their agricultural land to
cultivate olives.

 

 During the reporting period, Israeli settlers
from "Havat Gilad" settlement, east of Qalqilya, robbed olive crops
belonging to Palestinian farmers from Jeet, Ematin and Far’ata villages. In his testimony to PCHR, a Palestinian
farmers stated:

 

"At 07:00 on Sunday, 10 October 2010, I and other farmers went
to our lands near ‘Gilad’ settlement, following IOF’s permission. We found that olive fruits were totally
cultivated. I have 170 olive trees in
the area, which were totally cultivated." 

 

…………………………………………………………



 

Recommendations to the International
Community

 

 

1. PCHR calls upon
the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their
legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure
Israel’s respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence
practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it
is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human
rights and humanitarian law.

 

2. PCHR calls upon
the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a
conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel’s respect of the Convention
in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.

 

3. PCHR calls upon
the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with
their legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for
and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.

 

4. PCHR calls for
the immediate implementation of the Advisory Opinion issued by the
International Court of Justice, which considers the construction of the
Annexation Wall inside the West Bank illegal.

 

5. PCHR recommends
that international civil society organizations, including human rights
organizations, bar associations and NGOs, participate in the process of
exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and urge their governments to bring the
perpetrators to justice.

 

6. PCHR calls upon
the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association
Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a
precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel. PCHR further calls upon the EU states to
prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.

 

7. PCHR calls on
the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was
implemented in September 2005, for what it is – not an end to occupation but a
compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza
Strip. 

 

8. In recognition
of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the
ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the
facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.

 

9. PCHR
appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights
organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue
their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel’s respect for human
rights in the OPT and to demand Israel end its attacks on Palestinian
civilians.

 

10. PCHR calls upon
the international community to pressure Israel to lift the severe restrictions
imposed by the Israeli government and its occupation forces on access for
international organizations to the OPT.

 

11. PCHR reiterates
that any political settlement not based on international human rights law and
humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful and just solution of the Palestinian
question. Rather, such an arrangement
can only lead to further suffering and instability in the region. Any peace process or agreement must be based
on respect for international law, including international human rights and humanitarian
law.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

…………………………………………………………

 

Public Document

For further information please visit
our website (www.pchrgaza.org) or contact
PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email (pchr@pchrgaza.org) or telephone (+972 (0)8
282 4776 – 282 5893).

 

 

 



[1]
One donum is equal to 1,000 square meters.