Olive trees
cut by Israeli Settlers under the protection of the Israeli military in
al-Laban al-Sharqeya village, southeast of Nablus

Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) Continue Systematic Attacks against
Palestinian Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)

 

· A member of the
Palestinian resistance was killed by IOF in the northern Gaza Strip, and a
child was wounded in Silwan village in Jerusalem.  

 

· IOF continued
to use force against peaceful protests in the West Bank.

 Two Palestinian
children and a French human rights defender were wounded.

 IOF arrested a
Palestinian boy and two international human rights defenders.  

 

· IOF continued
to fire at Palestinian workers and farmers in border areas in the Gaza Strip.

– 5
Palestinian workers were wounded.

 

· IOF conducted 28
incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank, and a limited one
into the Gaza Strip.  

 IOF arrested 22
Palestinian civilians, including 3 children.

 

· Israel has
continued to impose a total siege on the OPT and has isolated the Gaza Strip
from the outside world.

 Israeli troops
stationed at military checkpoints and border crossings in the West Bank
arrested two Palestinian children.

 

· Israel has
continued to take measures aimed at creating a Jewish demographic majority in
Jerusalem.

 A new Israeli
structural plan for al-Buraq yard in Jerusalem was approved.

 IOF razed 18
donums[1]
of agricultural land in al-‘Eissawiya village near Jerusalem.

 

· IOF have
continued settlement activities in the West Bank and Israeli settlers have
continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

 IOF uprooted 14 olive trees in al-Lubban
al-Sharqi village, south of Nablus.

 Israeli settlers damaged 220 olive trees using
waste water in Deir al-Hatab village, east of Nablus.

 Israeli settlers attacked a Palestinian
civilian vehicle near "Qidoumim" settlement, east of Qalqilya.

 

Summary

 

Israeli violations of international law and humanitarian law in the
OPT continued during the reporting period (21 – 27 October 2010):

 

Shooting:

 

During the reporting period, IOF killed a member of the Palestinian
resistance in the Gaza Strip, and wounded 8 civilians and a French human rights
defender, in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. 

 

In the Gaza Strip, on 27 October 2010, a member of the Palestinian
resistance was killed by Israeli artillery shelling in the Gaza Strip.

 

During the reporting period, 5 Palestinian workers were wounded
when Israeli soldiers stationed at the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel
fired at them while collecting raw construction materials. 

 

In the West Bank, on 24 October 2010, a Palestinian child was
wounded when IOF moved into Silwan village to the south of the old town of
Jerusalem, opening fire.

 

During the reporting period, IOF used excessive force to disperse
peaceful demonstrations organized in protest to Israeli settlement activities
and the construction of the annexation wall. As a result, two Palestinian children and a French human rights defender
were wounded, and dozens of Palestinian civilians and international human
rights defenders suffered from tear gas inhalation or sustained bruises. IOF also arrested a Palestinian boy and two
international human rights defenders. The human rights defenders were released later.

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, IOF conducted at
least 28 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank,
during which they arrested 22 Palestinian civilians, including 3 children.  

 

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted one limited
incursion into al-Qarara village, northeast of Khan Yunis, during which they leveled
areas of Palestinian land, which they had already razed.  

 

Restrictions
on Movement:

 

Israel
had continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the
West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza
Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza
Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza
Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous
impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. 

 

· The illegal closure has caused not only a
humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the
population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the
blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of
the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of
the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip
and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply
shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become
internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no
longer suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain
economically dependent and unable to care for themselves, and socially,
culturally and academically isolated from the rest of the world.

 

· Expanding the list of items allowed into Gaza
does not change the illegality of this policy, which is inconsistent with
Israel’s legal obligations both as an Occupying Power and under international
human rights treaties to which it is party, such as the International Covenant
on Civil and Political Rights. 

 

· Facts on the
ground refute Israeli claims with
respect to the easing of the closure imposed on the Gaza Strip and the
reduction of restrictions imposed on the entry of goods.

 

· Israeli
declaration of allowing new goods to be entered into the Gaza Strip constitutes
an attempt to delude the international community, as such goods do not meet the
minimal needs of the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have
continued to ban the entry of raw construction materials into the Gaza
Strip. 

 

· IOF have
imposed a ban on all exports from the Gaza Strip. 

 

· Israel had
continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing to Palestinian civilians wishing
to travel to the West Bank and Israeli for medical treatment, trade or social
visits.

 

· Israel has
imposed additional access restrictions on international diplomats, journalists
and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza Strip. They have prevented representatives
of several international humanitarian organizations from entering the Gaza
Strip.

 

· Living
conditions of the Palestinian civilian population have seriously deteriorated;
levels of poverty and unemployment have mounted sharply.

 

West Bank

 

IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of
Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank, including occupied East
Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza
Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.

 

· IOF have
established checkpoints in and around Jerusalem, severely restricting
Palestinian access to the city. Civilians are frequently prevented from praying
at al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.

 

· There are
approximately 585 permanent roadblocks, and manned and unmanned checkpoints
across the West Bank.

 

· When complete,
the illegal Annexation Wall will stretch for 724 kilometers
around the West Bank, further isolating the entire population. 350 kilometers of
the Wall have already been constructed. Approximately 99% of the Wall has been
constructed inside the West Bank itself, further confiscating Palestinian land.

 

· At least 65% of
the main roads that lead to 18 Palestinian communities in the West Bank are
closed or fully controlled by IOF.

 

· There are
approximately 500
kilometers
of restricted roads across the West Bank. In
addition, approximately one third of the West Bank, including occupied East
Jerusalem, is inaccessible to Palestinians without a permit issued by the IOF.
These permits are extremely difficult to obtain.

 

· IOF continue to
harass, and assault demonstrators who hold peaceful protests against the
construction of the Annexation Wall.

 

· Palestinian
civilians continue to be harassed by IOF in Jerusalem, and across the West
Bank, including being regularly stopped and searched in the streets by IOF.

 

Measures Aimed at Creating a Jewish Demographic Majority in
Jerusalem:
 

 

IOF have continued to take measures at creating a Jewish majority
in Jerusalem. During the reporting
period, IOF attempted 3 times to dismantle a sit-in tent set up by Palestinian
civilians in al-Bustan quarter in Silwan village to the south of the old town
of Jerusalem. 

 

On 24 October 2010, the District Committee of Organization and
Construction of the Israeli Municipality of Jerusalem approved the new
structural plan of al-Buraq yard, which extends from the Gate of the Magharibis
in the south to the al-Tankazi School in the north. The new plan includes digging tunnels under
al-Buraq yard, turning the underground into Talmud centers and police stations,
expanding al-Buraq yard, changing the entrances of the yard, establishing bus
stations and car parks, digging a long tunnel between the yard and Silwan
village and establishing a Jewish area to the west and south of al-Aqsa Mosque
on an area of 7,000 square meters. The
Islamic – Christian Commission to Support Jerusalem focused on a plan to build
a 3,000-square-meter, 3-storey building that would include a Jewish museum. In the context of the plan, a new gate would
be established in the walls of Jerusalem for the first time in 112 years, in an
attempt to open gates leading to the Jewish settlement neighborhood.

 

In the same context, the District Committee of Organization and
Construction of the Israeli Municipality of Jerusalem approved a plan to expand
"Davidson" settlement outpost in the historical garden to the south
of al-Buraq yard, in order to absorb about 400,000 visitors annually.

 

On 27 October 2010, IOF, accompanied by a number of bulldozers and
officials from the Israeli "Civil Adminstration," moved into
al-‘Eissawiya village near Jerusalem. The
Israeli bulldozers razed 18 donums of land.

 

Settlement
Activities:

 

Israel has continued its settlement
activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and
Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property. 

 

On 22 October 2010, a number of Israeli settlers from
"Qidoumim" settlement wrote some slogans in Hebrew on walls of
Palestinian houses in Kufor Qaddoum village, east of Qalailya. The slogans threatened Palestinian villagers
of retaliation and to leave their houses.

 

On 22 October 2010, Israeli settlers broke grave stones in Kufor
Qaddoum cemetery, and wrote slogans on a number of graves, such as "here
is the Palestinian state." 

 

On 23 October 2010, a number of Israeli settlers from
"Elli" settlement, south of Nablus, cut 14 olives trees belonging to
Rajaa’ Jameel ‘Owais in al-Lubban al-Sharqi village, nearly 400 meters away
from the settlement.

 

On 24 October 2010, a number of Israeli settlers from
"Qidoumim" settlement, east of Qalqilya, attacked a Palestinian
vehicles belonging to Yousef Nidal Nazzal, 27, from Qalqilya. 

 

On 25 October 2010, a number of Israeli settlers from
"Taffouh" settlement, north of Salfit, attempted to steal a horse
belonging to Hussein Saleh ‘Atayani, 38, from Yassouf village. ‘Atayani was on his way to his land to crop
olives. Two Israeli settlers chased them,
shouting: "Stop! This horse is ours and we want it." He hurried towards other Palestinian farmers,
and when he arrived near them, the settlers left the area.

 

During the reporting period, Israeli settlers from "Allon
Moreh" settlement, northeast of Nablus, pumped waste water onto
Palestinian agricultural land in Deir al-Hatab village. As a result 220 olive trees were damaged.

 

Israeli Violations Documented during
the Reporting Period (21 – 27 October 2010)

 

1. Incursions
into Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the
West Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 21 October 2010

 

· At
approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses
and arrested two Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Malek
Ibrahim ‘Awadh, 21; and

2. Rami
Fahmi ‘Awadh, 28.

 

· At approximately
01:30, IOF moved into Halhoul town, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to
the house of Ibrahim Mahmoud Karaja, but no arrests were reported.

 

· At
approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Koubar village, northwest of Ramallah. They raided and searched a house belonging to
‘Omar Salah Barghouthi, 57, and summoned him to ‘Oufar military post. He went there on Sunday, 24 October 2010, and
IOF arrested him.

 

· At
approximately 07:30, Israeli soldiers stationed on observation towers at the
border between the Gaza Strip and Israel near Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing
opened fire at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting raw
construction materials from Erez industrial zone in the northern Gaza Strip. As a result, two workers were wounded:

 

1. ‘Omar
Sabri Hamad, 24, from Beit Hanoun town, wounded by a bullet to the right foot;
and

2. Bassem
Qassem Qassem, 23, from Beit Hanoun town, wounded by a bullet to the right
foot.

· At
approximately 12:30, IOF moved into Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets for some time
and withdrew later. No arrests were
reported.

 

· At
approximately 16:30, the Israeli police raided and searched a cloth shop
belonging to Ussama Abu Khalaf in Saladin Street in the center of Jerusalem,
without a legal warrant. They continued
to search the shop for more than 30 minutes, without explaining the reason.

 

· Also at
approximately 16:30, IOF moved into Bir Zeit village, north of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets for some time
and withdrew later. No arrests were
reported.

 

· At
approximately 18:30, IOF moved into ‘Ein al-Dyouk village, north of
Jericho. They patrolled in the streets
for some time and withdrew later. No
arrests were reported.

 

· At
approximately 23:50, IOF moved into Beit Leed village, east of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time
and withdrew later. No arrests were
reported.

 

Friday, 22 October  2010

 

· At
approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses
and arrested Mahmoud Khader Sabarna, 18, and his brother Ahmed, 16.

 

· At
approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Beit ‘Awa village, west of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses
and arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

 

1. ‘Abdul
Qader ‘Abdullah Masalma, 45;

2. Sa’ed
Ibrahim Masalma, 23; and

3. Yousef
Ahmed Masalma, 24.

 

· In the morning,
Israeli soldiers stationed on observation towers at the border between the Gaza
Strip and Israel near Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing opened fire at a number of Palestinian
workers who were collecting raw construction materials from Erez industrial
zone in the northern Gaza Strip. As a
result, Zaki Sobhi al-Kafarna, 28, from Beit Hanoun, was wounded by a bullet to
the left leg.

 

Saturday, 23 October 2010

 

· At approximately
21:30, IOF moved into Jayous village, northeast of Qalqilya. They established a military point at ‘Azzoun
central gate, after Palestinian civilians had set fire to it in protest to the
timing of its closure and the denial of access of Palestinian farmers to their
lands, which have been isolated by the annexation wall. It is worth noting that 180 Palestinian
farmers had applied to IOF for permits to have access to their agricultural lands behind the wall, but only 80
applications were approved.

 

Sunday, 24 October 2010

 

· At
approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. They patrolled in the streets for some time
and withdrew later. No arrests were
reported.

 

· At
approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Tal’at al-Takrouri neighborhood in the
south of Hebron. They raided and
searched a 3-storey apartment building belonging to the al-Jamal family, and
arrested Yasser Mahmoud al-Jamal, 37. They also summoned his brother, Rabee’, 30, for interrogation.

 

· In the morning,
IOF moved into Silwan village to the south of the old town of Jerusalem. They fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound
bombs and tear gas canisters. As a
result, 11-year-old Mohammed Harbi Abu Sbaih was seriously wounded by a
rubber-coated metal bullet to the head. According to eyewitnesses, IOF fired at the child from a range of less
than 5 meters.

 

· At
approximately 16:00, IOF moved into Zabbouba village, northwest of Jenin. They raided and searched a house belonging to
Sameer Ahmed Jaradat. They then raided a
house belonging to Hashem Hussein ‘Atatra and informed him that his son,
24-year-old Anas, was arrested inside Israel. Later, they raided and searched a bakery belonging to Diaa’ Ahmed
al-‘Obaidi, 27, and interrogated him. 

 

· At
approximately 17:00, IOF moved nearly 350 meters into al-Qarara village,
northeast of Khan Yunis town in the southern Gaza Strip. They leveled areas of Palestinian land, which
they had already razed. This incursion
continued until 01:00 on the following day.

 

Monday, 25 October 2010

 

· At
approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Jyous village, northeast of Qalqilya. They raided and searched a number of houses,
claiming that they were looking for weapons. They arrested 3 Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Mahmoud
Ahmed Baida, 32;

2. Isma’il
Ahmed Baida, 30; and

3. Wajdi
Hussein Baida, 24.

 

· At
approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Kufor Laqef village, east of Qalqilya. They raided and searched a number of houses
and arrested Midhat Bashir ‘Abdul Hafiz, 21.

 

· At
approximately 10:15, IOF moved into Beit Leed village, east of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some
time. They stopped Ahmed Hassan
‘Atallah, 23, and summoned him for interrogation.

 

· At
approximately 11:45, IOF moved into Zeita village, north of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time
and withdrew later. No arrests were
reported. 

 

· At
approximately 23:00, an Israeli infantry unit moved into al-Tal area in Qarawat
Bani Hassan village, northwest of Salfit. Israeli soldiers searched the area and withdrew later.

 

· Also at
approximately 23:00, IOF moved into Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They raided and searched a number of houses
and arrested 5 Palestinian civilians, including two children and two brothers:

 

1. Hassan
Yousef ‘Alqam, 20;

2. Kazem
Yousef ‘Alqam, 19;

3. Wajeeh
Fat’hi Sabarna, 19;

4. Hamza
Shihda Sabarna, 16; and

5. Yousef
Ibrahim ‘Awadh, 16.

 

Tuesday,
26 October 2010

 

· At
approximately 09:30, IOF moved into Jenin, and into Kufor Dan village,
northwest of the town. They patrolled in
the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At
approximately 09:45, Israeli soldiers stationed at Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing
in the northern Gaza Strip fired at a number of Palestinian workers, who were
collecting raw construction materials from the debris of destroyed homes. As a result, Haitham ‘Ali Shallah, 37, from
al-Shoja’iya neighborhood in Gaza City, was wounded by a bullet to the right
thigh, when he was nearly 300 meters away from the border.

 

· At
approximately 18:30, IOF move into Fassayel village, north of Jericho. They patrolled in the streets for some time
and withdrew later. No arrests were
reported. 

 

· At
approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Beit Liqya village, west of Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets for some time
and withdrew later. No arrests were
reported. 

 

· At
approximately 22:30, IOF moved into ‘Anabta village, east of Tulkarm. They patrolled in the streets for some time
and withdrew later. No arrests were
reported.

 

Wednesday, 27 October 2010

 

· At
approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Madama village, southeast of Nablus. They raided and searched a number of houses
and arrested 4 Palestinian civilians:

 

1. Akram
Jebril Ziada, 18;

2. Akram
‘Eissa Nassar, 18;

3. Mohammed
‘Aaref Nassar, 18; and

4. Mujahed
‘Abdullah Qat, 20.

 

· At approximately
10:30, Israeli soldiers stationed at the border between the Gaza Strip and
Israel, to the east of Beit Lahia town in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire
at a number of Palestinian workers who were collecting raw construction
materials in al-Sayafa area in the north of Beit Lahia. As a result, Yousef Sami Ma’rouf, 19, was
wounded by a bullet to the left thigh, when he was nearly 500 meters away from
the border. 

 

· At
approximately 11:20, Israeli forces stationed at the eastern border of the Gaza
Strip fired two artillery shells at a number of activists of the Palestinian
resistance in Abu Safiya area to the east of Jabalya refugee camp in the
northern Gaza Strip. A shell hit the
activists and killed Jihad Subhi ‘Afana, 20, a member of the al-Quds Brigades
(the armed wing of Islamic Jihad). The
other shell hit a house belonging to Ahmed Isma’il Shabat, nearly 2,000 meters
away from the targeted area, but no casualties were reported as the house was
empty at that time.

 

· At
approximately 21:00, IOF moved into Tulkarm. The patrolled in the streets, and established a checkpoint at Ektaba
intersection, east of the town. They
stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.

 

2. Use of
Excessive Force against Peaceful Demonstrations Protesting Settlement Activities
and the Construction of the Annexation Wall

 

During the reporting period, IOF
used force against peaceful demonstrations organized by Palestinian civilians
and international and Israeli human rights defenders in protest to the
construction of the Wall and settlement activities in the West Bank, and
against the establishment of a buffer zone along the border in the Gaza Strip. As a result, two Palestinian children and
French human rights defender were wounded. Dozens of civilians and human rights defenders also suffered from tear
gas inhalation and others sustained bruises. Additionally, IOF arrested two international human rights defenders, who
were released later, and a Palestinian boy.

   

· Following the
Friday Prayer on 22 October 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and
international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful
demonstration in protest to the construction of the Annexation Wall in Bil’ein
village, west of Ramallah. They moved
towards the annexation wall. Israeli
troops stationed in the area fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and
tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. As a result, two Palestinian children were wounded:

 

1. Mohammed
Shawkat al-Khatib, 17, hit by a tear gas canister to the right leg; and

2. Ahmed
‘Abdul Fattah Bernat, 17, hit by a tear gas canister to the right leg.

 

Additionally, a number of demonstrators suffered from tear gas
inhalation and others sustained bruises as they were beaten by Israeli troops.  

 

· Also following
the Friday Prayer on 22 October 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and
international and human rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in
Ne’lin village, west of Ramallah, in protest against the construction of the
Annexation Wall. They clashed with
Israeli troops positioned near the Wall. Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear
gas canisters at demonstrators. As a
result, several demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation, and others
sustained bruises.  

 

· Also following
the Friday Prayer on 22 October 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and
international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful
demonstration in Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, in protest against
land confiscations in the Wad al-Raya area between the villages of Nabi Saleh
and Deir Nizam. When the demonstrators
attempted to reach areas of land seized by Israeli settlers near
"Halmish" settlement, Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal
bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators, and chased
them into the village. As a result, fire
broke out in a house belonging to ‘Abdul Wahab al-Tamimi as a tear gas canister
hit it. IOF stormed a house belonging to
Yasser Jameel al-Tamimi and turned it into a military site. Additionally, a number of demonstrators also
suffered from tear gas inhalation. 

 

· Also on Friday
noon, 22 October 2010, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international human
rights defenders organized a peaceful demonstration in al-Ma’sara village,
south of Bethlehem, in protest to the construction of the annexation wall. The demonstrators moved from the center of
the village towards the wall to the north and west of it. Israeli soldiers stationed at the entrance of
the village attacked the demonstrators with tear gas canisters and sound
bombs. As a result, a French human right
defender was hit by a tear gas canister to the head, and 11 demonstrators
suffered from tear gas inhalation. Israeli soldiers also arrested two international human rights defenders,
but released them in the evening.  

 

· At
approximately 12:30 on Saturday, 23 October 2010, dozens of Palestinian
civilians and international human rights defenders organized a peaceful
demonstration in Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron. They moved towards areas of Palestinian land,
which are threatened of confiscation by IOF, near "Karmi Tsur"
settlement, south of the village. IOF
attacked and fired at the demonstrators. As a result, 5 demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation, and
Israeli soldiers arrested Bilal Hassan Abu Hashem, 18. an American human rights
defender, sustained bruises throughout the body.

 

· At
approximately 15:00 on Saturday, 23 October 2010, the Youth Commission against
Settlement in Hebron organized a peaceful demonstration in protest to continued
closure of al-Shuhada Street in the center of the town. Israeli soldiers attacked the demonstrators,
and Israeli settlers sprinkled waste water onto them. It is worth noting that IOF have closed
al-Shuhada Street for Palestinian vehicles since 1994 following an attack by an
Israeli settlers against Palestinian worshippers in the Ibrahimi Mosque. IOF have prevented Palestinian civilians from
walking in the streets since 2000.

 

3. Continued
Closure of the OPT

 

Israel has continued to impose a tightened closure of the OPT and
imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the
Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza
Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza
Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza
Strip, which has steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous
impact on the humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. 

 

Movement at Border Crossings during
the Reporting Period:

 

On 01 June 2010, the Egyptian authorities
decided to open Rafah International Crossing Point on the Egyptian border in
both directions without specifying a date for its closure. The Egyptian decisions came following the
Israeli attack on the Gaza-aid flotilla in international water. On the following morning, the crossing point
was effectively opened and restricted categories of Palestinian civilians were
allowed to travel through it.

 

Movement
at Rafah International Crossing Point

20 –
26 October 2010

 

Date

Details

20 October 2010

200 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 179
others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

21 October 2010

272 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and
558 persons, 340 ones from Life Artery Convoy 5, and 137 vehicles were allowed
into the Gaza Strip.

22 October 2010

165 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 260
others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

23 October 2010

192 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 256
others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

24 October 2010

554 persons, including 336 ones from Life Artery
Convoy 5, were allowed to travel to Egypt and 260 Palestinians were allowed
into the Gaza Strip.

25 October 2010

258 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 182
others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

26 October 2010

198 Palestinians were allowed to travel to Egypt and 236
others were allowed into the Gaza Strip.

 

Movement
at Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) Crossing

20 –
26 October 2010

 

Date

Imports

Category

Amount

Tons

Liters

20 October 2010

Foodstuffs

735

 

Agricultural materials

247

 

Various goods

1,951

 

Humanitarian aids

101

 

Cooking gas

180

 

Industrial fuel

 

447,453

21 October 2010

Foodstuffs

924

 

Agricultural materials

205

 

Various goods

1,735

 

Humanitarian aids

199

 

Cooking gas

157

 

Industrial fuel

 

441,476

24 October 2010

Foodstuffs

1,412

 

Agricultural materials

188

 

Various goods

1,055

 

Humanitarian aids

337

 

Cooking gas

178

 

Diesel

 

100,000

Industrial fuel

 

318,977

25 October 2010

Foodstuffs

1,412

 

Agricultural materials

193

 

Various goods

1,080

 

Humanitarian aids

256

 

Cooking gas

156.660

 

Industrial fuel

 

317,006

19 October 2010

Foodstuffs

1,120

 

Agricultural materials

190

 

Various goods

929

 

Humanitarian aids

581

 

Cooking gas

134

 

Industrial fuel

 

359,988

 

Al-Mentar (Karni) Crossing: During the
reporting period, IOF partially opened the crossing on Wednesday, 20 October
2010, and allowed the entry of 1,020 tons of construction aggregate for UNRWA
and another 1,500 tons for the Palestinian Water Authority. They opened it again on Monday, 25 October
2010, an allowed the entry of 1,404 tons of wheat, and 2,262 tons of fodders.  

 

Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing: Israel has
continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the movement of Palestinian
civilians. IOF have allowed only diplomats, a number of international
journalists, employees of international agencies and a limited number of
patients who suffer from serious diseases to pass through the crossing. They
have continued to prevent Palestinian civilians from visiting their relatives
who are detained in Israeli jails. The small number of patients permitted to
pass through the crossing is only able to do so under severe restrictions that
include prolonged checking.

 

Movement
at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing

20 –
26 October 2010

 

Date

20
October

21
October

22
October

23
October

24
October

25
October

26
October

Patients

17

17

3

Nil

24

39

52

Companions

17

14

3

Nil

24

41

53

Palestinians from Israel

6

1

1

Nil

12

15

1

Diplomats

7

4

1

Nil

Nil

9

24

International Journalists

5

6

2

Nil

Nil

Nil

4

International Workers

24

64

29

Nil

20

19

34

Travelers abroad

Nil

1

Nil

Nil

2

Nil

Nil

Traders

25

1

Nil

Nil

27

15

22

Business People

11

25

Nil

Nil

4

19

11

Meetings

2

8

Nil

Nil

1

13

Nil

Ambulances to Israel

1

3

Nil

Nil

2

5

Nil

Ambulances from Israel

2

2

Nil

Nil

1

1

Nil

 

The West Bank

 

Israel has imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the
reporting period, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of
Palestinian civilians.

 

· Jerusalem: IOF
have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian
civilians to and from the city. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the
West Bank and the Gaza Strip have been denied access to the city. IOF have
established many checkpoints around and inside the city. Restrictions of the
movement of Palestinian civilians often escalate on Fridays, preventing Muslim
Palestinians from praying at al-Aqsa Mosque.  

 

· Bethlehem: IOF have continued to impose severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. They have maintained their presence at 41
checkpoints around the town. The town
has been also impacted by the construction of the annexation wall to the north
and west, and large areas of Palestinian land have been isolated by the
wall. During the reporting period,
Israeli troops stationed at the 300 checkpoint (Rachel Toms), north of
Bethlehem, continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of
Palestinian civilians wishing to travel to Jerusalem. Palestinian civilians are forced to wait in
queues on two routes outside the checkpoint. They are then checked by Israeli soldiers using electronic checking
machines. Such checking is often
prolonged and humiliating. During the
reporting period, only Palestinians who have permits were allowed to travel to
Jerusalem.    

 

· Nablus: IOF
have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian
civilians. They have continued to
establish checkpoints on the roads leading to the city and to stop and search
Palestinian civilian vehicles. At
approximately 19:40 on Monday, 25 October 2010, Israeli soldiers positioned at
Za’tara checkpoint, south of Nablus, stopped and searched a Palestinian
civilian vehicle. They verified the
identity cards of police officers. At
approximately 10:30 on Tuesday, 26 October 2010, IOF established a checkpoint
at Deir Sharaf intersection on Tulkarm-Nablus road. They stopped and searched Palestinian
civilian vehicles.  

 

· Ramallah: IOF
have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of the Palestinian
civilians in Ramallah. IOF troops
positioned at the Jaba’ and Qalandiya checkpoints, southeast of Ramallah, have
imposed additional restrictions on movement and conducted prolonged checks of
Palestinian civilians. During the
reporting period, IOF erected a number of temporary checkpoints, and stopped
and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 21:00 on Thursday, 21 October 2010, IOF established a
checkpoint under Kharabtha al-Misbah Bridge, west of Ramallah. They stopped and searched Palestinian
civilian vehicles. At approximately
20:00 on Friday, 22 October 2010, IOF re-established their presence at ‘Attara
checkpoint, north of Ramallah. They
stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.  At approximately 11:00 on Saturday, 23 October
2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the intersection of "Oufra"
settlement, northeast of Ramallah. They
stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 09:30 on Monday, 25 October
2010, IOF re-established their presence at ‘Attara checkpoint, north of
Ramallah. They stopped and searched
Palestinian civilian vehicles. At
approximately 10:30 on Tuesday, 26 October 2010, IOF established a checkpoint on
‘Ein Jaryout road, west of Ramallah. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 18:00 on the same day, IOF
established a checkpoint at the entrance of Sinjel village, north of
Ramallah. They stopped and searched
Palestinian civilian vehicles. At
approximately 20:30 also on Tuesday, IOF established a checkpoint near
Kharabtha al-Misbah Bridge, west of Ramallah. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.       

 

· Qalqilya: IOF have continued to impose severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have continued to close the agricultural
road located to the east of ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya, since 2009. The village is also separated from road #55,
which links between Nablus and Qalqilya, with a barbwire fence. The fence cuts off the village from
agricultural land belonging to it in the north. During the reporting period, IOF continued to erect temporary
checkpoints on the main roads leading to Qalqilya. At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 21
October 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Jeet village,
east of Qalqilya. At approximately
09:50, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance of Qalqilya. At approximately 11:00, IOF established a
checkpoint on bypass road #55, which links between Nablus and Qalqilya. Israeli soldiers positioned at these
checkpoints stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 10:30 on Friday, 22 October
2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Kufor Laqef village, east
of Qalqilya. They stopped and searched
Palestinian civilian vehicles. At
approximately 13:00, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Jeet
village, east of Qalqilya. At
approximately 16:00, IOF established a checkpoint on bypass road #55, which
links between Nablus and Qalqilya. At
approximately 18:15, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of ‘Izbat
al-Tabib village, east of Qalqilya. At
approximately 20:40, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Hijja
village, east of Qalqilya. Israeli
soldiers positioned at these checkpoints stopped and searched Palestinian
civilian vehicles. On Saturday, 23
October 2010, IOF established 6 checkpoints around Qalqilya. They stopped and searched Palestinian
civilian vehicles. At approximately
12:00 on Sunday, 24 October 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance
of Jainsafout village, east of Qalqilya. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. On Monday, 25 October 2010, IOF established 4
checkpoints around Qalqilya. They
stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.

 

· Tulkarm: IOF have continued to impose severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 09:40 on Saturday, 23
October 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Beit Leed
village, east of Tulkarm. They stopped
and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 10:00 on the same day, IOF established a checkpoint in
al-Kafriyat area at Tulkarm-Qalqilya road. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. On Sunday evening, 24 October 2010, Israeli
soldiers positioned at Ennab checkpoint on Tulkarm-Nablus road imposed additional
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At the same time, they established a
checkpoint in al-Kafriyat area at Tulkarm-Qalqilya road. They stopped and searched Palestinian
civilian vehicles. At approximately
10:30 on Monday, 25 October 2010, IOF established a checkpoint on
Tulkarm-Nablus road. They stopped and
searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.

 

· Jenin: IOF
have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian
civilians. At approximately 21:00 on Saturday, 23 October 2010, IOF established
a checkpoint on ‘Arraba-Kufor Ra’ei village, southwest of Jenin. They stopped and searched Palestinian
civilian vehicles. At approximately 20:00
on Monday, 25 October 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of
Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin. They
stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

· Salfit: IOF have continued to impose severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. IOF have continued to close the northern
entrance of Salfit with cement blocks and sand barriers since 2000. They have also continued to close two roads
linking Marda village with agricultural land belonging to it.  At approximately 18:00 on Sunday, 24 October
2010, IOF established a number of checkpoints on the main road of Salfit. They stopped and searched Palestinian
civilian vehicles.  At approximately
20:00 on the same day, they held and checked a number of Palestinian civilians, but no arrests were
reported. At approximately 12:00 on
Monday, 25 October 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at Hares intersection,
northwest of Salfit. They stopped and
searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. At approximately 15:00 on the same day, IOF established a checkpoint at
the entrance of Qarawat Bani Hassan village, northwest of Salfit. They stopped and searched Palestinian
civilian vehicles.

 

· Jericho: IOF have continued to impose severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. At approximately 18:30 on Thursday, 21
October 2010, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Fassayel village,
north of Jericho. They stopped and
searched Palestinian civilian vehicles.       

 

Arrests at Military Checkpoints

 

· At approximately 17:30 on Sunday, 24 October
2010, Israeli soldiers positioned at a checkpoint established at the entrance
of Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, arrested two Palestinian children: Bader Hussein al-Za’aqiq, 17; and Anwar
Yousef ‘Awadh, 16.

 

4. Measures
Aimed at Creating a Jewish Demographic Majority in Jerusalem

 

Israel has recently escalated
arbitrary measures against Palestinian civilians in East Jerusalem in order to
force them to leave the city. PCHR has
devoted this section in the Weekly Report to highlighting violations of human
rights perpetrated by IOF against Palestinian civilians in East Jerusalem.

 

· On Sunday, 24 October 2010, the District
Committee of Organization and Construction of the Israeli Municipality of
Jerusalem approved the new structural plan of al-Buraq yard, which extends from
the Gate of the Magharibis in the south to the al-Tankazi School in the
north. The new plan includes digging
tunnels under al-Buraq yard, turning the underground into Talmud centers and
police stations, expanding al-Buraq yard, changing the entrances of the yard,
establishing bus stations and car parks, digging a long tunnel between the yard
and Silwan village and establishing a Jewish area to the west and south of
al-Aqsa Mosque on an area of 7,000 square meters. The Islamic – Christian Commission to Support
Jerusalem focused on a plan to build a 3,000-square-meter, 3-storey building
that would include a Jewish museum. The
Israeli daily Ha’aretz reported that the major idea of the plan is to close the
current main entrance to al-Buraq yard near Silwan village and establishing an alternative
entrance under the ground, and there would be a new gate to enter a tunnel
leading to a 4-storey car park. In the
context of the plan, a new gate would be established in the walls of Jerusalem
for the first time in 112 years, in an attempt to open gates leading to the
Jewish settlement neighborhood.

 

· In the same context, the District Committee of
Organization and Construction of the Israeli Municipality of Jerusalem approved
a plan to expand "Davidson" settlement outpost in the historical
garden to the south of al-Buraq yard, in order to absorb about 400,000 visitors
annually.

 

· At approximately 07:00 on Wednesday, 27 October
2010, IOF, accompanied by a number of bulldozers and officials from the Israeli
"Civil Adminstration," moved into al-‘Eissawiya village near
Jerusalem. By 13:00, the Israeli
bulldozers had razed 18 donums of land:

 

1. A
1.5-donum of land planted with olives and figs belonging to Yousef Daoud
Muhaisen;

2. A
2-donum area of land planted with vegetables belonging to Riad Yasser Hamdan;

3. A
4-donum area of land planted with olives belonging to Ra’ed Taha Nasser;

4. A
3-donum area of land planted with figs, olives and citruses belonging to ‘Eissa
Mohammed Nasser; and

5. A
5-donum area of land planted with olives, pomegranates, grapes and figs
belonging to ‘Eissa Saleh Abu Riala;

6. A
2-donum area of land planted with olives belonging to Ziad ‘Ali Nasser; and

7. A
tract of land belonging to Khaled Jahalin.

 

Land leveling
in the area came in the context of an Israeli settlement project, which would
include the confiscation of at least 12,000 donums of Palestinian land in a
number of villages.

 

5. Settlement
Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property

 

Israel has continued its settlement
activities in the OPT in violation of international humanitarian law, and
Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

 

· At approximately 02:00 on Friday, 22 October
2010, a number of Israeli settlers from "Qidoumim" settlement wrote
some slogans in Hebrew on walls of Palestinian houses in Kufor Qaddoum village,
east of Qalailya. The slogans threatened
Palestinian villagers of retaliation and to leave their houses.

 

· At approximately 03:00 on Friday, 22 October
2010, Israeli settlers broke grave stones in Kufor Qaddoum cemetery, and wrote
slogans on a number of graves, such as "here is the Palestinian
state." 

 

· On Saturday morning, 23 October 2010, a number
of Israeli settlers from "Elli" settlement, south of Nablus, cut 14
olives trees belonging to Rajaa’ Jameel ‘Owais in al-Lubban al-Sharqi village,
nearly 400 meters away from the settlement.

 

· At approximately 12:00 on Sunday, 24 October
2010, a number of Israeli settlers from "Qidoumim" settlement, east
of Qalqilya, attacked a Palestinian vehicles belonging to Yousef Nidal Nazzal,
27, from Qalqilya. 

 

In his
testimony to PCHR, Nazzal stated:

 

"At
approximately 12:00 on Sunday, 24 October 2010, I was traveling from Nablus to
Qalqilya, accompanied by my 4-year-old child. While I was driving my car on the main road near ‘Qidoumim’ settlement,
the motor of the car suddenly stopped working. I saw two settlers sitting near the road. Soon, Israeli police officers arrived at the
area. They asked me for my identity card
and driving license. The police officers
moved towards the two settlers and talked with them for a while. They then left the area without seeing my
documents. Immediately, the two settlers
stood near my car. I took my child out
of the car and stood away. Soon, the two
settlers broke all windows of the car using big stones. I took my child back home and left my car in
the area. I came back to the area
again. The Israeli police arrived. They asked me about the child, and I told
them that I took him back home. They
looked at the car for a while and then left the area without taking any
action."

 

· At approximately 09:00 on Monday, 25 October
2010, a number of Israeli settlers from "Taffouh" settlement, north
of Salfit, attempted to steal a horse belonging to Hussein Saleh ‘Atayani, 38,
from Yassouf village. ‘Atayani was on
his way to his land to crop olives. Two
Israeli settlers chased them, shouting: "Stop! This horse is ours and we
want it." He hurried towards other
Palestinian farmers, and when he arrived near them, the settlers left the area.

 

· During the reporting period, Israeli settlers
from "Allon Moreh" settlement, northeast of Nablus, pumped waste
water onto Palestinian agricultural land in Deir al-Hatab village. As a result 220 olive trees were damaged.

 

…………………………………………………………

 

Recommendations to the International
Community

 

 

1. PCHR calls upon
the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their
legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure
Israel’s respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence
practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it
is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human
rights and humanitarian law.

 

2. PCHR calls upon
the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a
conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel’s respect of the Convention
in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.

 

3. PCHR calls upon
the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with
their legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for
and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.

 

4. PCHR calls for
the immediate implementation of the Advisory Opinion issued by the
International Court of Justice, which considers the construction of the
Annexation Wall inside the West Bank illegal.

 

5. PCHR recommends
that international civil society organizations, including human rights
organizations, bar associations and NGOs, participate in the process of
exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and urge their governments to bring the
perpetrators to justice.

 

6. PCHR calls upon
the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association
Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a
precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel. PCHR further calls upon the EU states to
prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.

 

7. PCHR calls on
the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was
implemented in September 2005, for what it is – not an end to occupation but a
compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza
Strip. 

 

8. In recognition
of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the
ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the
facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.

 

9. PCHR
appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights
organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue
their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel’s respect for human
rights in the OPT and to demand Israel end its attacks on Palestinian
civilians.

 

10. PCHR calls upon the international community to pressure Israel to
lift the severe restrictions imposed by the Israeli government and its
occupation forces on access for international organizations to the OPT.

 

11. PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on
international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful
and just solution of the Palestinian question. Rather, such an arrangement can only lead to further suffering and
instability in the region. Any peace
process or agreement must be based on respect for international law, including
international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

 

 

 

…………………………………………………………

 

Public
Document

For
further information please visit our website (www.pchrgaza.org)
or contact PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email (pchr@pchrgaza.org) or telephone (+972 (0)8
282 4776 – 282 5893).

 

 

 



[1]
One donum is equal to 1,000 square meters.