Israeli
soldiers arrest a human rights defender during a peaceful demonstration against
the construction the annexation wall in Nabi Saleh village near Ramallah


 Israeli
Occupation Forces (IOF) Continue Systematic Attacks against Palestinian
Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)

 

 

· IOF continued
to use force against peaceful protests in the West Bank.

 A Palestinian
civilian was wounded.

 IOF arrested two
human rights defenders and 6 Palestinian civilians.

 

· Israeli
gunboats opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats in the Gaza Strip.

 A fishing boat was damaged, and IOF arrested two fishermen, but
released them later.

 

· IOF conducted 31
incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank.  

 IOF arrested 21
Palestinian civilians, including 7 children a Member of the Palestinian
Legislative Council, a human rights defender and a journalist.

 

· Israel has
continued to impose a total siege on the OPT and has isolated the Gaza Strip
from the outside world.

 IOF arrested 3 Palestinian
civilians, at military checkpoints in the West Bank.

 IOF arrested a
physically disabled young man at Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing in the Gaza Strip.

 

· IOF have continued
settlement activities in the West Bank and Israeli settlers have continued to
attack Palestinian civilians and property.

 At least 100 graves were bulldozed in a cemetery in East Jerusalem.

 IOF demolished two barnyards and will in Arab al-Rashaida village
near Bethlehem.

 IOF confiscated a plot near Hebron to establish an aircraft strip.

 IOF destroyed irrigation networks near Hebron

 IOF uprooted 300 olive trees in Deir Estia village near Salfit.

 

 

 

Summary

 

Israeli
violations of international law and humanitarian law in the OPT continued
during the reporting period (23 – 29 June 2011):

 

Shooting:

 

During the reporting period, a
Palestinian civilian was wounded by IOF in the West Bank. 

 

During the reporting period, IOF
used excessive force to disperse peaceful demonstrations organized in protest
to Israeli settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall in
the West Bank. As a result, one
Palestinian civilian was wounded, and dozens of Palestinian civilians and
international human rights defenders suffered from tear gas inhalation.  IOF also arrested two Israeli human rights
defenders and 6 Palestinian civilians.

 

During the reporting period, Israeli
gunboats opened fire at Palestinian fishing boats in the Gaza Strip in two separate
incidents. In one of these attacks, a
Palestinian fishing boat was damaged. IOF also arrested two fishermen, but released them later.  

 

On 28 June 2011, IOF opened fire at
a number of Palestinian civilians and international solidarity activists who
demonstrated nearly 500 meters away from the border between the Gaza Strip and
Israeli in the northern Gaza Strip. No
casualties were reported.

 

Incursions:

 

During
the reporting period, IOF conducted at least 31 military incursions into
Palestinian communities in the West Bank, during which they arrested 21
Palestinian civilians, including 7 children, a Member of the Palestinian
Legislative Council, a journalist and a human rights defender. 

 

Restrictions
on Movement:

 

Israel
had continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT and imposed severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the
West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza
Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all
border crossings to the Gaza Strip for over three years. The illegal
Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since
June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic
situation in the Gaza Strip. 

 

· IOF have tightened the closure of the Gaza
Strip and practically made Karm Abu Salem crossing as the sole commercial
crossing of the Gaza Strip although it is not proper for commercial purposes in
terms of its distance and operational capacity.

· IOF have continued to apply their policy aimed at
tightening the strangulation of the commercial movement in the Gaza Strip,
including imposing total control over the flow of imports and exports.

 

· The total closure of al-Mentar
"Karni" crossing on 02 March 2011 has created a bitter situation that
has seriously affected the Gaza Strip. Following this closure, all the economic and commercial establishments
in Gaza Commercial Zone were shut off. It should be noted that al-Mentar crossing is the biggest crossing in
the Gaza Strip in terms of its operational capacity to absorb the flow of
imports and exports. The decision of
al-Mentar crossing was the culmination of a series of decisions to totally
close Soafa crossing, east of the Gaza Strip, in the beginning of 2009, and
Nahal Oz crossing, east of Gaza City, which was dedicated for the delivery of
fuel and cooking gas to the Gaza Strip, in the beginning of 2010.

 

· These statistics which were made available to
PCHR by the Border and Crossings Department indicate a continued drop in the
number of truckloads of Gaza imports and exports.

 

· IOF have continued to impose total ban on the
delivery of raw materials to the Gaza Stri, except for very limited items and
quantities. The limited quantities of
raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian
population in the Gaza Strip.

 

· The cooking gas crisis which has erupted last
November has continued to affect the Gaza Strip. This crisis was created when the Israeli
occupation authorities totally closed, on 04 January 2010, Nahal Oz crossing,
which used to be dedicated for the delivery of fuel and cooking gas supplies to
Gaza, and shifted fuel and cooking gas supplies to Karm Abu Salem crossing
which is not technically equipped to receive Gaza’s needs of fuel.  Karm
Abu Salem crossing, with its maximum absorptive capacity, can receive only 200
tons of cooking gas per day.

 

· Approximately 80% of Gaza civilians have
continued to depend on alimentary aid provided by UNRWA and other relief
agencies, rates of families who are living below poverty line have continued to
be on the rise and approximately 40% of Gaza’s manpower has continued to suffer
from permanent unemployment as a result of shutting down the majority of Gaza’s
economic establishments.

 

· IOF have continued to impose a total ban on the
exportation of Gaza’s products, especially industrial products, leading to
undermining any real chances to rerun economic establishments. The situation has been aggravated especially
after making Karm Abu Salem crossing as Gaza sole commercial crossing and the
repeated closure of this crossing which negatively affected the quantity of
Gazan products which were allowed to be exported during last April.

 

· IOF have continued to prolong the
implementation of their decision to allow 60 cars into Gaza weekly although
more than 10 months have passed since they announced this decision after three
years of ban imposed on the delivery of cars to Gaza. As a result, the prices of cars in Gaza have
been on the rise and local markets experience serious shortage in spare parts.

 

· For approximately four consecutive years, IOF
have continued to ban the delivery of construction materials to Gaza. During
the reporting period, IOF approved the delivery of limited quantities of
construction materials for a number of international organizations.

 

· Israel has
continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for Palestinian civilians from
the Gaza Strip. IOF only allow the
movement of limited groups amidst severe restrictions, including long hours of
waiting in the majority of cases. IOF
have also continued to adopt a policy aimed at reducing the number of
Palestinian patients allowed to move via Beit Hanoun crossing to receive
medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the West Bank and
Jerusalem. IOF denied new categories of
Gazan patient permission to have access to hospitals via the crossing.

 

· Israel has
imposed additional access restrictions on international diplomats, journalists
and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza Strip.

 

· For
approximately 46 months, IOF have continued to deny approximately 710
Palestinian prisoners from Gaza detained in Israeli jails their visitation
rights without providing any justification to this measure, which violates the
rules of the international humanitarian law.

 

West
Bank

 

IOF have continued to impose severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank,
including occupied East Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the
West Bank and the Gaza Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.

 

· IOF have
established checkpoints in and around Jerusalem, severely restricting
Palestinian access to the city. Civilians are frequently prevented from praying
in the al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.

 

· There are
approximately 585 permanent roadblocks, and manned and unmanned checkpoints
across the West Bank.

 

· When complete,
the illegal annexation wall will stretch for 724 kilometers
around the West Bank, further isolating the entire population. 350 kilometers of
the wall have already been constructed. Approximately 99% of the wall has been
constructed inside the West Bank itself, confiscating more Palestinian land.

 

· At least 65% of
the main roads that lead to 18 Palestinian communities in the West Bank are
closed or fully controlled by IOF.

· There are
approximately 500
kilometers
of restricted roads across the West Bank. In
addition, approximately one third of the West Bank, including occupied East
Jerusalem, is inaccessible to Palestinians without permits issued by IOF. Such
permits are extremely difficult to obtain.

 

· IOF continue to
harass and assault demonstrators who hold peaceful protests against the
construction of the annexation wall.

 

· Palestinian
civilians continue to be harassed by IOF in Jerusalem, and across the West
Bank, including being regularly stopped and searched in the streets by IOF.

 

Settlement
Activities:
 

 

Israel
has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of
international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack
Palestinian civilians and property. 

 

On 23 June 2011, IOF moved into Wadi
Hassasa area in the east of Arab al-Rashaida village, east of Bethlehem. They forced Palestinian farmers and shepherds
away from the area. They then demolished
two barnyards and a will. These demolitions
were carried out without prior notices. 

 

On the same day, IOF confiscated a
tractor belonging to Mustafa Taha al-Manasra, 49, from Wad Foukin village west
of Bethlehem. According to information
available to PCHR from al-Manasra, he was plowing an agricultural plot in Wadi
al-Baqara area near Housan village, when an Israeli military jeep arrived. Israeli soldiers stepped down and ordered him
to stop working, claiming that the area is a state land. They escorted him and the tractor to “Kfar
Etzion” military post, where they confiscated the tractor, but released him.

 

On 24 June 2011, dozens of Israeli
settlers from “Sousia” settlement to the southeast of Yatta town, south of
Hebron, attacked a number of Palestinian farmers and 3 international human
rights defenders, in an attempt to prevent them from farming an agricultural
belonging to the Houshiya family. 

 

On the same day, dozens of Israeli
settlers stormed Jabal al-Tabban area near Kour village, south of Tulkarm. They terrified Palestinian civilians in the
area. They left the area later and no
more events were reported. 

 

Also on the same day, 5 Israeli
settlers stormed agricultural areas in Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of
Qalqilya. Palestinian civilians
immediately informed the Palestinian liaison offices, which contacted IOF. Later, IOF arrived at the area and evacuated
the settlers. 

 

On 25 June 2011, bulldozers of the
Israeli municipality of Jerusalem demolished bulldozed at least 100 graves in
Maman Allah cemetery in the old town of Jerusalem, to establish a museum and a
car park.

 

On 27 June 2011, IOF moved into
Khillat al-Dar area at the eastern side of bypass road #60, south of
Hebron. They razed a 2.5-dunum[1]
area of land belonging to Mohammed Hussein Erfa’iya. It should be noted that IOF issued an order
confiscating the land to establish an aircraft strip. 

 

On the same day, IOF moved into
al-Baq’a area near bypass road #60, east of Hebron. They forced Palestinian farmers away from the
area. They destroyed at least 36,000 meters
of plastic pipes and some crops. During
this operation, Palestinian farmers attempted to stop such destruction. This
area is the most fertile in Hebron. Over the past years, IOF have taken a
series of measures against Palestinian civilians living in the area in an
attempt to force them out of it. 

 

On the same day, IOF razed areas of
areas of land belonging to al-Nazer family located to the northwest of Hebron,
to expand an Israeli military post in the area. PCHR’s field workers had not been able to reach the area as the Israeli
military operation was ongoing.

 

On Tuesday, 28 June 2011, IOF razed
at least 15 dunums of agricultural land belonging to Kamal ‘Abdul Rahman, from
Deir Estia village northwest of Salfit. IOF uprooted at least 300 olives trees and transported them to an
unknown destination. 

 

 

Israeli
Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (23 – 29 June 2011)

 

1. Incursions into
Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West
Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 23 June 2011

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Burham village, northwest of
Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets
for some time and withdrew later. No
arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Madama village, south of
Nablus. They raided and searched a house
belonging to the family of Asadallah Wajeeh al-Qit, 23, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Abu Dis town, east of
Jerusalem. They raided and searched a
house belonging to the family of Hussam Taleb Jaffal, 19, and arrested him.  Israeli soldiers violently beat him even
though he suffers from serious health problems because of a car accident.

 

· At approximately 06:00, Israeli gunboats opened fire at a
Palestinian fishing boat opposite to Rafah seashore in the southern Gaza
Strip. Mohammed Mohammed al-Bardawil,
22, and his brother Isma’il, 18, were on board of the boat, which was sailing
nearly 2.8 nautical miles off the beach. The motor of the boat was destroyed and the boat itself was
damaged. Israeli naval troop forced the
two fishermen to jump into water and swim towards an Israeli gunboats. The two fishermen were taken to the Israeli
Ashdod Harbor, where they were interrogated by an Israeli naval officer. They were released at approximately 19:00 on
the same day.

 

· At approximately 10:30, IOF moved into Raba village, southeast of
Jenin. They raided and searched a number
of houses and summoned 8 Palestinian civilians, including a child, for
interrogation. 

 

· At approximately 17:00, IOF moved into Beit ‘Aur al-Tahta village,
west of Ramallah. They patrolled in the
streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

Friday,
24 June 2011

 

· At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Jainsafout village, east of
Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets
for some time. They stopped and
questioned a number of Palestinian civilians. They withdrew later and neither house raids nor arrest were reported.

 

· At approximately 13:45, IOF moved into Hijja village, east of
Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets
for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

· At approximately 13:50, IOF moved into Baqat al-Hatab village,
northeast of Qalqilya. They patrolled in
the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither

 

· At approximately 15:00, IOF moved into Beit Siera village, west of
Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets
for some time and withdrew later. No
arrests were reported.

 

· In the afternoon, IOF, accompanied by an undercover unit, moved
into Silwan village to the south of the old town of Jerusalem. They attempted to storm a sit-in tent set up
in al-Bustan quarter. A number of
Palestinian civilians gathered and threw stones at them to prevent them from
storming the tent. Immediately, Israeli
soldiers fired tear gas canisters in the area. They also arrested ‘Ali Sabri Abu Diab,. 15. 

 

· At approximately 21:30, IOF moved into Bir Zeit village, north of
Ramallah. They patrolled in the streets
for some time and withdrew later. No
arrests were reported.

 

Saturday, 25 June 2011

 

· At approximately 02:55, IOF moved into Yasouf village, east of
Salfit. They raided and searched a house
belonging to the family of Tha’er Na’im ‘Obaid, 20, and summoned him for
interrogation. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Kharabtha al-Misbah village,
west of Ramallah, and patrolled in the streets. A number of Palestinian boys gathered and threw stones at Israeli
military vehicles. Immediately, Israeli
soldiers fired rubber-coated metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs
at them. As a result, a number of
Palestinian civilians suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

· At approximately 20:30, IOF moved into Beit Liqya village, west of
Ramallah, and patrolled in the streets. A number of Palestinian boys gathered and threw stones at Israeli
military vehicles. Immediately, Israeli
soldiers fired rubber-coated metal bullets, tear gas canisters and sound bombs
at them. As a result, a number of
Palestinian civilians suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

· At approximately 21:00, IOF moved into ‘Ein al-Sultan refugee camp,
northwest of Jericho. They patrolled in
the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 23:30, IOF moved into Jericho. They patrolled in the streets for some time
and withdrew later. No arrests were
reported.

 

Sunday, 26 June 2011

 

· At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into ‘Izbat al-Jarad village,
east of Tulkarm. Bilal Mahmoud al-Hatta,
28, a taxi driver, noticed Israeli military vehicles stationed near a house to
close to his, when he was on his way back him. He saw Israeli soldiers talking with an old neighbor, so he moved
towards them. Israeli soldiers ordered
him to help his neighbor open the garage of her house and he did. Israeli soldiers then confiscated a car that
has an Israeli registration plate, claiming that it was stolen. They also arrested al-Hatta.

 

· At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Sa’ir village, northeast of
Hebron. They raided and searched a house belonging to the family of ‘Omar
Mahmoud Jaradat, 17, and arrested him. 

 

· At approximately 07:00, Israeli gunboats stationed opposite to Beit
Lahia seashore in the northern Gaza Strip opened fire at Palestinian fishing
boats. Palestinian fishermen were forced
to flee, and no casualties were reported.

 

· At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Nabi Elias village, east of
Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets
for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 12:15, IOF moved into Ematin village, northeast of
Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets
for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

· At approximately 17:15, IOF moved into al-Mentar area to the north
of ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the area and held 17-year-old Mohammed Sameer Abu
Haniya until 18:00. They withdrew later
and arrests were reported.

 

· At night, IOF moved into al-‘Eisswaiya village, northeast of
Jerusalem. They fired tear gas canisters
and sound bombs indiscriminately. As a
result, ‘Ali ‘Awni Abu Ghoush, 15, and Ahmed Ra’ed Mhaisen, 15, sustained
burns. IOF arrested both children.

 

Monday, 27 June 2011

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved al-Hajri village, south of Hebon. They raided and searched a house belonging to
the family of Midhat Mohammed al-Titi, 18, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Bal’a village, east of
Tulkarm. They raided and searched a
house belonging to Mohammed ‘Abdul Rahim Mansour, 50, and arrested him. They also confiscated his laptop and mobile
phone. Notably, Mansour had been
imprisoned in Israeli jails for 28 years.

 

Tuesday, 28 June 2011

 

· At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into ‘Azzoun village, east of
Qalqilya. They raided and searched a
number of houses and arrested 5 Palestinian civilians, including two children:

 

1. Ahmed Bassem
Shbaita, 17;

2. Ma’th Bilal
Swaidan, 19;

3. ‘Omtham Sameer
Saleem, 22;

4. Yousef Hassan
Shbaita, 49; and

5. Sameer Saher
Saleem, 13.

 

· At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Khillat Hadour neighborhood
in the east of Hebron. They raided and
searched a house belonging to the family of Ussama Naji al-Hashlamoun, 22, and
arrested him.

 

· At approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Rafidya neighborhood in the
west of Nablus. They raided and searched
two houses belonging to Fu’ad Nazem al-Khuffash, 36, and Firas Ahmed Jarrar,
37, and arrested both of them.

 

· Also at approximately 02:15, IOF moved into Kufor Qallil village,
east of Nablus. They raided and searched
a house belonging to Nawaf Ibrahim al-‘Aamer, 49, a journalist, and arrested
him.

 

· At approximately 02:30, IOF moved into Salfit. They raided and searched a house belonging to
Nasser ‘Abdul Jawad, Member of the Palestinian Legislative Council from the Change
and Reform Bloc affiliated to Hamas, and arrested him.

 

· At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Jabl Jouhar neighborhood in
the southeast of Hebron. They raided and
searched a house belonging to the family of Adham Mohammed al-‘Ajlouni, 24, and
arrested him.

 

· At approximately 11:00, Israeli soldiers stationed on observation
towers along the border between the Gaza Strip and Israel to the east of Beit
Hanoun town in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire near a number of
Palestinian civilians and international solidarity activists who were
demonstrating in the east of Beit Hanoun town. About 80 persons, including 6 members of the International Solidarity
Movement, 13 members of the Local Initiative in Beit Hanoun town, 15
journalists, 10 farmers and 40 children. The children flew kites, which bore a number of slogans calling for
freedom for Palestinian children and lifting the siege imposed on the Gaza
Strip. When the demonstrators got as
close as to 500 meters away from the border, Israeli soldiers fired at
them. No casualties were reported.

 

Wednesday, 29 June 2011

 

· At
approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Housan village, west of Bethlehem. They raided and searched a house belonging to
the family of Na’el Wa’el Shahin, 17, and arrested him. 

 

2. Use of Excessive
Force against Peaceful Demonstrations Protesting Settlement Activities and the
Construction of the Annexation Wall

 

During
the reporting period, IOF used force against peaceful demonstrations organized
by Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders
in protest to the construction of the Wall and settlement activities in the
West Bank. As a result, one Palestinian
civilian was wounded. Dozens of Palestinian
civilians and human rights defenders also suffered from tear gas inhalation and
others sustained bruises.  IOF also
arrested two Israeli human rights defenders and 6 Palestinian civilians.     

   

· Following the Friday Prayer on 24 June 2011, dozens of Palestinian
civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a
peaceful demonstration in Bil’ein village, west of Ramallah, in protest to the
construction of the annexation wall.   Dr. Salam Fayad, Palestinian Prime Minister
in Ramallah, and Mr. Mohammed Baraka, member of the Israeli Knesset, participated
in the demonstration. Israeli soldiers
stationed in the area fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear
gas canisters at the demonstrators. As a
result, Samer Mohammed Bernat, 36, was hit by a tear gas canister to right foot. Additionally, a number of demonstrators suffered
from tear gas inhalation and others sustained bruises.  

 

· Also following the Friday Prayer on 24 June 2011, dozens of
Palestinian civilians and international and human rights defenders organized a
peaceful demonstration in Ne’lin village, west of Ramallah, in protest against
the construction of the annexation wall. They clashed with Israeli troops positioned near the Wall. Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal
bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at demonstrators. As a result, a number of demonstrators
suffered from tear gas inhalation. 

 

· Also following
the Friday Prayer on 24 June 2011, dozens of Palestinian civilians and
international and Israeli human rights defenders organized a peaceful
demonstration in Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, in protest against
land confiscations in the Wad al-Raya area between the villages of Nabi Saleh
and Deir Nizam. When the demonstrators
attempted to reach areas of land seized by Israeli settlers near
"Halmish" settlement, Israeli troops fired rubber-coated metal
bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, a number of demonstrators
suffered from tear gas inhalation. 

 

· On Monday, 27
June 2011, IOF used force to disperse a number of volunteers and farmers who
were farming Palestinian agricultural lands that are threatened by Israeli
settlement activities in Arab al-Ramadin village, southwest of Hebron. According to investigations conducted by
PCHR, Israeli soldiers had been already deployed in the area, which includes at
least 200 dunums of agricultural land that had been fenced by Israeli settlers
to annex it to “Ashkilot” settlement. IOF used force against Palestinian farmers and volunteers. They also arrested 6 Palestinian
civilians. IOF claimed that these
civilians resisted the Israeli military and threatened a settler. The detainees are:

 

1. Mohammed ‘Ali
Hantash, 61;

2. Tamer Msayef
al-Atrash, 25;

3. Jamal Mohammed
Zamel, 53;

4. Isma’il Nassar
Zamel, 24;

5. Majdi Shihda
Zamel, 42; and

6. Aktham Shihda
Zamel, 36. 

 

 

3. Continued
Closure of the OPT

 

Israel has continued to impose a tightened closure of the OPT and
imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the
Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza
Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all
border crossings to the Gaza Strip for over three years. The illegal
Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since
June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic
situation in the Gaza Strip. The illegal closure has caused not only a
humanitarian crisis but a crisis of human rights and human dignity for the
population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently to ease the
blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root causes of
the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete lifting of
the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the Gaza Strip
and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli policy is simply
shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that may become
internationally accepted and institutionalized. Palestinians in Gaza may no
longer suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain
economically dependent and unable to care for themselves, and socially,
culturally and academically isolated from the rest of the world.

 

Movement
at Border Crossings during the Reporting Period:

 

Rafah International Crossing Point:

 

Director of the Crossings and Border Authority in Gaza, Hatem
‘Owida, stated that on Sunday, 26 June 2011, a new mechanism of travel was
initiated at Rafah International Crossing Point to facilitate travel of urgent
cases. He called on Palestinian
civilians who had already registered for travel at the Ministry of Interior to
confirm their registration bringing providing necessary documents. ‘Owaida indicated that urgent cases include
those who have foreign passports, visitors, students, those who have residency
permits in other countries, those who have visas to other countries and
patients. He added that the problem of
traveling through Rafah International Crossing Point lies in the extremely high
number of people wishing to travel, as at least 20,000 people wish to travel in
the next three months. He further noted
that there are ongoing discussions with the Egyptian side to upgrade the
capacity of the crossing point. 

 

Movement
at Rafah International Crossing Point

22 –
28 June 2011

 

Day

Date

Traveling abroad

Coming into Gaza

Returned into Gaza

Wednesday

22 June 2011

520

514

12

Thursday

23
June 2011

649

659

18

Friday

24
June 2011

Saturday

25
June 2011

459

981

23

Sunday

26
June 2011

485

738

12

Monday

27
June 2011

409

974

4

Tuesday

28
June 2011

474

856

18

Movement
at Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) Crossing

22 –
28 June 2011

Imports:

 

Date

Imports

Category

Amount

Tons

Number

Liters

22 June 2011

Foodstuffs

Cows

1,008

192

Agricultural materials

1,829

Various goods

Boxes of clothes

Washing machines

Refrigerators

Boxes of shoes

Glass boarda

859

1,056

180

119

716

520

Humanitarian aid

3,611

cooking gas

134.780

23 June 2011

Foodstuffs

1,163

Agricultural materials

1,401

Various goods

Refrigerators

Electricity pillars

Boxes of clothes

Washing machines

Glass boards

Water tanks

Cars

963

215

99

1,917

48

660

80

30

Humanitarian aid

2,215

cooking gas

114.810

26 June 2011

Foodstuffs

928

Agricultural materials

691

Various goods

Boxes of clothes

Boxes of shoes

Refrigerators

Washing machines

Electricity generators

Water tanks  

911

214

1,046

174

242

28

110

Humanitarian aid

2,447

cooking gas

136.990

27 June 2011

Foodstuffs

863

Agricultural materials

650

Various goods

Refrigerators

Boxes of clothes

Boxes of shoes

Glass boards

1,142

88

1,053

1,115

520

Humanitarian aid

3,077

cooking gas

135

Notes:

 

· On Wednesday, 22 June 2011, IOF allowed the entry 240 tons of
construction aggregate and 28 tons of iron for UNRWA; 2,240 tons of construction
aggregate for ANERA; and 372 tons of cement for the Palestinian Water Authority. They also allowed the entry of 1,170 tons of
fodders and 560 tons of straws.

 

· On Thursday, 23 June 2011, IOF allowed the entry of 1,610 tons of
construction aggregate for UNRWA and 90 tons of aggregate for the Palestinian
Water Authority. They also allowed the
entry of 195 tons of wheat and 1,170 of fodders.

 

· On Sunday, 26 June 2011, IOF allowed the entry of 400 tons of
cement and 153 tons of iron bars for UNRWA, and 1,400 tons of construction
aggregate for USAID.

 

· On Monday, 27 June 2011, IOF allowed the entry of 400 tons of
cement for the Palestinian Water Authority and 2,240 tons of construction
aggregate for UNDP. They also allowed
the entry of 546 tons of wheat.

 

Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing: Israel
has continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the movement of
Palestinian civilians. IOF have allowed only diplomats, a number of
international journalists, employees of international agencies and a limited
number of patients who suffer from serious diseases to pass through the
crossing. They have continued to prevent Palestinian civilians from visiting
their relatives who are detained in Israeli jails. The small number of patients
permitted to pass through the crossing is only able to do so under severe
restrictions that include prolonged checking. 

 

Movement
at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing

22 –
28 June 2011

 

Date

22 June

23 June

24 June

25 June

26 June

27 June

28 June

Patients

28

40

2

Nil

38

45

35

Companions

24

36

2

Nil

35

39

32

Arabs from Israel

11

Nil

Nil

Nil

25

6

5

Diplomats

Nil

7

Nil

Nil

1

Nil

Nil

International Journalists

Nil

1

Nil

Nil

1

3

2

International Workers

27

47

15

Nil

8

30

41

Travelers abroad

1

6

Nil

Nil

8

1

Nil

Business People

55

55

Nil

Nil

63

60

60

Economic Meetings

4

5

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Security Interviews

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

1

4

VIP’s

2

Nil

Nil

Nil

2

Nil

Nil

Ambulances to Israel

2

1

1

1

3

3

1

Ambulances from Israel

4

1

Nil

Nil

4

3

3

 

The West Bank

 

Israel has imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the
reporting period, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of
Palestinian civilians.

· Jerusalem: IOF have continued to impose severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians to and from the city.
Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip have
been denied access to the city. IOF have established many checkpoints around
and inside the city.  Restrictions of the
movement of Palestinian civilians often escalate on Fridays, preventing Muslim
Palestinians from praying at al-Aqsa Mosque.  

 

· Ramallah: IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement
of the Palestinian civilians in Ramallah.  At approximately 09:00 on Thursday, 23 June
2011, IOF re-established their presence at ‘Attara checkpoint, north of
Ramallah. They stopped and searched
Palestinian civilian vehicles. At
approximately 10:30 on the same day, they established a checkpoint near the
entrance to Beit Liqya village, west of Ramallah. At approximately 08:00 on Friday, 24 June
2011, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of Nabi Saleh village,
northwest of Ramallah. At approximately
14:00 on the same day, IOF established a checkpoint under ‘Ein Yabroud Bridge,
northeast of Ramallah. At approximately
09:30 on Saturday, 26 June 2011, IOF established a checkpoint at Beit ‘Aur
intersection, west of Ramallah. At approximately 07:45 on Sunday, 26 June 2011,
IOF established a checkpoint at ‘Oyoun al-Haramiya intersection, north of Ramallah. At approximately 09:30 on the same day, IOF
established a checkpoint at Beit ‘Aur intersection, west of Ramallah.    

 

· Qalqilya: IOF have continued to
impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  On Thursday, 23 June 2011, IOF established 3
checkpoints around Qalqilya. At
approximately 01:00 on Friday, 24 June 011, IOF established a checkpoint at
Jeet intersection, northeast of Qalqilya. They stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. On Sunday, 26 June 2011, IOF established 4
checkpoints around the town.   

 

· Jericho: IOF
have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian
civilians. At approximately 15:00 on
Saturday, 25 June 2011, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of ‘Ein
al-Dyouk village, north of Jericho. They
stopped and searched Palestinian civilian vehicles. 

 

Arrests at Military Checkpoints

 

· At approximately 16:30 on Thursday, 23 June 2011, Israeli soldiers
patrolling in the vicinity of the annexation wall in Bil’ein village, west of
Ramallah, arrested Ibrahim ‘Abdul Fattah Bernat, 30.  

 

· On Thursday evening, 23 June 2011, Israeli soldiers positioned at
Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing in the far north of the Gaza Strip, arrested Ayoub
Ameen ‘Atallah, 19, from Beit Hanoun town in the northern Gaza Strip. ‘Atalllah had undergone a plastic surgery on
Slovenia, as his right leg was amputated by an Israeli shelling near his house
on 28 April 2011. He traveled to
Slovenia together with another 16 Palestinians on 01 May 2011, and on that day
he was on his way back to the Gaza Strip. 

 

· At approximately 17:30, IOF arrested Mousa Rafiq Abu Salah, 28,
after the car which he was driving had been subject to an accident near Deir
Sharaf intersection, west of Nablus. An
Israeli ambulance arrived at the area to evacuate him to the hospital, as the
car he was driving has an Israeli registration plate. When they discovered that the driver was
Palestinian they called IOF and the Israeli police, which arrested him.

 

· On Monday noon, 27 June 2011, Israeli soldiers positioned at the
Container checkpoint near Bethlehem arrested Mohammed Nayef al-Shawabka, 43,
from Dura town south of Hebron.

 

4. Settlement
Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property

 

Israel
has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of
international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack
Palestinian civilians and property.

 

· At approximately 10:30 on Thursday, 23 June 2011, IOF moved into
Wadi Hassasa area in the east of Arab al-Rashaida village, east of
Bethlehem. They forced Palestinian
farmers and shepherds away from the area. At approximately 11:30, IOF demolished two barnyards, which stand on a
72-square-meter area of land, belong to Ibrahim Mohammed Rashaida and ‘Ali
Mohammed Rashaida, and a will. These
demolitions were carried out without prior notices. 

 

· On Thursday evening, IOF confiscated a tractor belonging to Mustafa
Taha al-Manasra, 49, from Wad Foukin village west of Bethlehem. According to information available to PCHR
from al-Manasra, he was plowing an agricultural plot in Wadi al-Baqara area
near Housan village, when an Israeli military jeep arrived. Israeli soldiers stepped down and ordered him
to stop working, claiming that the area is a state land. They escorted him and the tractor to “Kfar
Etzion” military post, where they confiscated the tractor, but released him.

 

· On Friday morning, 24 June 2011, dozens of Israeli settlers from
“Sousia” settlement to the southeast of Yatta town, south of Hebron, attacked a
number of Palestinian farmers and 3 international human rights defenders, in an
attempt to prevent them from farming an agricultural belonging to the Houshiya
family.  As a result, 4 Palestinian
farmers sustained bruises and a car was damaged. According to investigations conducted by
PCHR, at approximately 08:30, a number of Palestinian farmers and 3
international human rights defenders were farming an agricultural plot in the
area, when dozens of Israeli settlers, some of whom were armed. They attacked the farmers and the human
rights defenders. They violently beat 4
farmers causing bruises to them throughout their bodies. They also damaged a car belonging to Nasser
Mohammed Nawaj’a. Later, IOF arrived at
the area and forced the farmers and human rights defenders away and declared
the area a closed military zone. The
farmers who sustained bruises are: Nasser Mohammed al-Nawaj’a, 28; Jameel
Khalil Houshiya, 58; Jaber Mohammed ‘Awad, 40; and Mohammed Jaber al-Nawaj’a, 50.

· At approximately 10:30 also on Friday, dozens of Israeli settlers
stormed Jabal al-Tabban area near Kour village, south of Tulkarm. They terrified Palestinian civilians in the
area. They left the area later and no
more events were reported.  

 

· At the same time, 5 Israeli settlers stormed agricultural areas in
Kufor Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqilya. Palestinian civilians immediately informed the Palestinian liaison
offices, which contacted IOF. Later, IOF
arrived at the area and evacuated the settlers. 

 

· On Saturday midnight, 25 June 2011, bulldozers of the Israeli
municipality of Jerusalem demolished bulldozed at least 100 graves in Maman
Allah cemetery in the old town of Jerusalem, to establish a museum and a car
park.

 

· At approximately 08:00 on Monday, 27 June 2011, IOF moved into
Khillat al-Dar area at the eastern side of bypass road #60, south of
Hebron. They razed a 2.5-dunum area of
land belonging to Mohammed Hussein Erfa’iya. It should be noted that IOF issued an order confiscating the land to
establish an aircraft strip. 

 

· At approximately 08:30 on the same day, IOF moved into al-Baq’a
area near bypass road #60, east of Hebron. They forced Palestinian farmers away from the area. At approximately 09:10, they started to
destroy irrigation networks. By
approximately 13:00, they had destroyed at least 36,000 meters of plastic pipes
and some crops. During this operation,
Palestinian farmers attempted to stop such destruction. IOF arrested one of them, Mowaffaq Mahmoud
Jaber, 45. They released him on bail at
approximately 16:00. The irrigation
networks that were destroyed belong to the Jaber and al-Rajabi families. This area is the most fertile in Hebron. Over
the past years, IOF have taken a series of measures against Palestinian civilians
living in the area in an attempt to force them out of it. 

 

· At approximately 09:30 on the same day, IOF razed areas of areas of
land belonging to al-Nazer family located to the northwest of Hebron, to expand
an Israeli military post in the area. PCHR’s
field workers had not been able to reach the area as the Israeli military
operation was ongoing.

 

· On Tuesday, 28 June 2011, IOF razed at least 15 dunums of
agricultural land belonging to Kamal ‘Abdul Rahman, from Deir Estia village
northwest of Salfit. IOF uprooted at
least 300 olives trees and transported them to an unknown destination. 

 

…………………………………………………………

 

Recommendations to the International
Community

 

 

1. PCHR calls upon
the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their
legal and moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure
Israel’s respect for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. PCHR believes that the conspiracy of silence
practiced by the international community has encouraged Israel to act as if it
is above the law and encourages Israel continue to violate international human
rights and humanitarian law.

 

2. PCHR calls upon
the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a
conference to take effective steps to ensure Israel’s respect of the Convention
in the OPT and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.

 

3. PCHR calls upon
the High Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with
their legal obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for
and prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.

 

4. PCHR calls for
the immediate implementation of the Advisory Opinion issued by the
International Court of Justice, which considers the construction of the
Annexation Wall inside the West Bank illegal.

 

5. PCHR recommends
that international civil society organizations, including human rights
organizations, bar associations and NGOs, participate in the process of
exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and urge their
governments to bring the perpetrators to justice.

 

6. PCHR calls upon
the European Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association
Agreement, which provides that Israel must respect human rights as a
precondition for economic cooperation between the EU states and Israel. PCHR further calls upon the EU states to
prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in the OPT.

 

7. PCHR calls on
the international community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was
implemented in September 2005, for what it is – not an end to occupation but a
compounding of the occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza
Strip. 

 

8. In recognition
of ICRC as the guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the
ICRC to increase its staff and activities in the OPT, including the
facilitation of family visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.

 

9. PCHR
appreciates the efforts of international civil society, including human rights
organizations, bar associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue
their role in pressuring their governments to secure Israel’s respect for human
rights in the OPT and to demand Israel end its attacks on Palestinian
civilians.

 

10. PCHR calls upon
the international community to pressure Israel to lift the severe restrictions
imposed by the Israeli government and its occupation forces on access for
international organizations to the OPT.

 

11. PCHR reiterates
that any political settlement not based on international human rights law and
humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful and just solution of the Palestinian
question. Rather, such an arrangement
can only lead to further suffering and instability in the region. Any peace process or agreement must be based
on respect for international law, including international human rights and
humanitarian law.

 

 

 

 

…………………………………………………………

 

Public Document

For further information please visit
our website (www.pchrgaza.org) or contact
PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email (pchr@pchrgaza.org) or telephone (+972 (0)8
282 4776 – 282 5893).

 

 



  

 

 



[1]
One dunum is equal to 1,000 square meters.