Dozens of
Israeli policemen attempt to break into the al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem while
Palestinian worshippers were inside – Friday, 24 February 2011

Israeli
Occupation Forces (IOF) Continue Systematic Attacks against Palestinian
Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)

 

IOF
have continued to use force against peaceful protests in the West Bank.

A
Palestinian civilian was killed in a peaceful demonstration in al-Ram village,
north of Jerusalem, protesting IOF attempts to raid the al-Aqsa Mosque.

5
protesters, including an Israeli Knesset Member and a member of the Palestinian
National Council, were wounded in 2 peaceful demonstrations in the center of Hebron.

 

IOF
have continued bombardments and shootings in the Gaza Strip.

A
Palestinian resistance activist was wounded in the east of Gaza City.

A
tunnel and a container were destroyed in Rafah and damages were caused to 3
houses and offices of the International Federation of Football in the north of
the Gaza Strip.

IOF
fired at Palestinian fishermen and their fishing boats.

 

IOF
conducted 58 incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank

IOF raided
the offices of Watan and al-Quds local TV channels and confiscated broadcasting
devices and other possessions.

IOF
arrested 40 Palestinians, including 2 children.

 

Israel
has continued efforts to create a Jewish majority in East Jerusalem.

The
Israeli Municipality in Jerusalem registered the lands in the Qalandia airport
in its name in "Israel Lands Department".

The
closure of Silwan Charity and Silwan Islamic club was extended for a year.

 

IOF
have continued settlement activities in the West Bank and Israeli settlers have
continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

IOF bulldozed
a water well, a water tank, an agricultural room and 22 dunums, and uprooted
960  fruit trees in Hebron.

IOF
confiscated 21 dunums of agricultural lands in Salfit.

Israeli
settlers carried out 2 attacks in Hebron.

Israeli
settlers organized provocative tours in Hebron under IOF protection.

Israeli
settlers raided Palestinian villages and wrote racist slogans against Arabs,
and offending the Prophet Mohammed.

 

IOF
have continued to attack Palestinian fishermen at sea.

IOF opened
fire at Palestinian fishermen off the shore of Deir al-Balah and confiscated
fishing nets.

 

Israel
has continued to impose a total closure on the OPT and has isolated the Gaza
Strip from the outside world.

IOF
arrested 9 Palestinians, including 3 children, at checkpoints in the West Bank.

IOF maltreated
a school student in Hebron.

 

 

Summary

 

Israeli
violations of international law and humanitarian law in the OPT continued
during the reporting period (23 – 29 February 2012):

 

Shooting:

 

In the West Bank, on 24 February
2012, IOF used excessive force to kill a Palestinian who was participating in a
peaceful demonstration in al-Ram village, north of Jerusalem, in protest against
IOF and Israeli settlers attempts to raid the al-Aqsa Mosque.

 

On 26 February 2012, IOF fired
rubber-coated metal bullets and sound bombs at Palestinians in al-Ram village,
north of Jerusalem, wounding a member of the Palestinian civil defense service.

 

Also
in the West Bank, during the reporting period, IOF used excessive force to
disperse peaceful demonstrations organized in protest against Israeli
settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall in the West
Bank.  As a result, 5 protesters,
including an Israeli Knesset member and a member of the Palestinian National
Council, sustained shrapnel wounds. Additionally, dozens of protesters suffered
from tear gas inhalation.  In the Gaza
Strip, on 28 February 2012, IOF opened fire at participants in a peaceful
demonstration in the north of the Gaza Strip but no casualties were reported.

 

In
the Gaza Strip, on 24 February 2012, an IOF warplane fired 2 missiles at a
group of Palestinian resistance activists, east of Gaza City, wounding one of
them.

 

On
23 February 2012, IOF positioned at the border east of Khan Younis opened fire
at farms in al-Sreij neighborhood of al-Qarara village, northeast of Khan
Younis. At the same time, IOF warplanes opened fire at the same area. No
casualties were reported.

 

On
24 February 2012, an IOF warplane fired a missile at a training site used by
the Izz Addin al-Qassam Brigades, in the north of the Gaza Strip. The windows
of a number of the surrounding establishments crushed. In addition, the
explosion left a hole in the site.

 

On
24 February 2012, IOF fired a shell at a Palestinian house, east of Gaza
City.  The shell did not explode but it
caused a hole in the house. No casualties were reported.

 

On
24 February 2012, IOF positioned at the border east of Khan Younis opened fire
at farms in al-Sreij neighborhood in al-Qarara village, northeast of Khan
Younis. No casualties were reported.

 

On
26 February, IOF warplanes fired at least one missile at a tunnel in al-Salam
neighborhood, south of Rafah.  The tunnel
was destroyed as a result.

 

IOF
opened fire on two different occasions at Palestinian fishermen off the shore
of Deir al-Balah.  No casualties were
reported but IOF confiscated fishing nets.

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, IOF
conducted at least 58 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the
West Bank, during which they arrested 40 Palestinian civilians, including 2
children. 

 

During the reporting period, IOF
raided the offices of al-Watan and al-Quds local TV channel.  Before withdrawing, they confiscated equipment
from the offices of the two TV channels.

 

Also during the reporting period,
IOF moved into Fahma village, southwest of Jenin. While patrolling in the
streets, a bulldozer carrying IOF got stuck in a bystreet of 3 meters wide in
the center of the village. While the driver was trying to get the bulldozer out
of the bystreet, he demolished the external wall of a house, a part of an old
wall, and a water well.

 

Restrictions
on Movement:

 

During
the reporting period, Israel continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT
and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the
Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

 

Gaza
Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all
border crossings to the Gaza Strip for over four years. The illegal
Israeli-imposed closure of the Gaza Strip, which has steadily tightened since
June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the humanitarian and economic
situation in the Gaza Strip.  

 

IOF
have tightened the closure of the Gaza Strip and practically made Karm Abu
Salem crossing as the sole commercial crossing of the Gaza Strip although it is
not proper for commercial purposes in terms of its location and operational
capacity.

 

IOF
have continued to apply their policy aimed at tightening the strangulation of
the commercial movement in the Gaza Strip, including imposing total control
over the flow of imports and exports.

 

The
total closure of al-Mentar "Karni" crossing on 02 March 2011 has
created a bitter situation that has seriously affected the Gaza Strip.  Following this closure, all the economic and
commercial establishments in Gaza Commercial Zone were forced to shut down.  It should be noted that al-Mentar crossing is
the biggest crossing in the Gaza Strip in terms of its operational capacity to
absorb the flow of imports and exports. 
The decision of al-Mentar crossing was the culmination of a series of
decisions to totally close Sofa crossing, east of the Gaza Strip, in the
beginning of 2009, and Nahal Oz crossing, east of Gaza City, which was
dedicated for the delivery of fuel and cooking gas to the Gaza Strip, in the
beginning of 2010.

 

These
statistics which were made available to PCHR by the Border and Crossings
Department indicate a continued drop in the number of truckloads of Gaza
imports and exports.

 

IOF
have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to the
Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities.  The limited quantities of raw materials
allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of the civilian population in
the Gaza Strip.

 

The
cooking gas crisis which has erupted last November has continued to affect the
Gaza Strip.  This crisis was created
when, on 04 January 2012, the Israeli occupation authorities totally closed
Nahal Oz crossing, which used to be dedicated to the delivery of fuel and
cooking gas supplies to Gaza. Fuel and cooking gas supplies were shifted to
Karm Abu Salem crossing, which is not technically equipped to receive Gaza’s
needs of fuel.  Karm Abu Salem crossing, with its maximum absorptive
capacity, can receive only 200 tons of cooking gas per day.

 

Approximately
80% of Gaza civilians have continued to depend on aid provided by UNRWA and
other relief agencies. Rates of families who are living below poverty line have
continued to rise, and approximately 40% of Gaza’s manpower has continued to
suffer from permanent unemployment as a result of the shutdown of the majority
of Gaza’s economic establishments.

 

IOF
have continued to impose a total ban on the export of Gaza’s products,
especially industrial products, leading to undermining any real chances to
revive economic establishments.  The
situation has been aggravated especially after making Karm Abu Salem crossing
as Gaza sole commercial crossing and the repeated closure of this crossing
which negatively affected the quantity of Gazan products which were allowed to
be exported during last April.

 

IOF
have continued to delay the implementation of their decision to allow 60 cars
into Gaza weekly although more than 11 months have passed since they announced
this decision, after three years of ban imposed on the delivery of cars to
Gaza.  As a result, the prices of cars in
Gaza have been on the rise and local markets experience serious shortage in
spare parts.

 

For approximately four consecutive years, IOF have continued to ban
the delivery of construction materials to Gaza. During the reporting period,
IOF approved the delivery of limited quantities of construction materials for a
number of international organizations.

 

Israel has continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for
Palestinian civilians from the Gaza Strip. 
IOF only allow the movement of limited groups amidst severe
restrictions, and after long hours of waiting in most majority cases.  IOF have also continued to adopt a policy
aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via Beit
Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or in the
West Bank, including Jerusalem.  IOF
denied new categories of Gazan patient permission to have access to hospitals
via the crossing.

 

Israel has imposed additional access restrictions on international
diplomats, journalists and humanitarian workers seeking to enter the Gaza
Strip.

 

For approximately 55 months, IOF have continued to deny
approximately 700 Palestinian prisoners from Gaza detained in Israeli jails
their visitation rights without providing any justification to this measure,
which violates the rules of the international humanitarian law.

 

West
Bank

 

IOF have continued to impose severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank,
including occupied East Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the
West Bank and the Gaza Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.

 

IOF have established checkpoints in and around Jerusalem, severely
restricting Palestinian access to the city. Civilians are frequently prevented
from praying in the al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem.

 

There are approximately 585 permanent roadblocks, and manned and
unmanned checkpoints across the West Bank.

 

When completed, the illegal annexation wall will stretch for 724 kilometers throughout
the West Bank, further isolating the entire population. 350 kilometers of
the wall have already been constructed. Approximately 99% of the wall has been
constructed inside the West Bank itself, confiscating more Palestinian land.

 

At least 65% of the main roads that lead to 18 Palestinian
communities in the West Bank are closed or fully controlled by IOF.

 

There are approximately 500 kilometers of
restricted roads across the West Bank. In addition, approximately one third of
the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem, is inaccessible to
Palestinians without permits issued by IOF. Such permits are extremely difficult
to obtain.

 

IOF continue to harass and assault demonstrators who hold peaceful
protests against the construction of the annexation wall.

 

Palestinian civilians continue to be harassed by IOF in Jerusalem,
and across the West Bank, including being regularly stopped and searched in the
streets by IOF.

 

Efforts to
Create a Jewish Majority in East Jerusalem

 

Israeli
Newspaper Ma’ariv wrote that the Israeli Municipality’s District Committee for
Planning and Building in Jerusalem recently registered the land of the Qalandia
Airport in the name of the Israeli Municipality in Jerusalem and the name of
the State of Israel. Ma’ariv revealed that the said land was not previously
registered in the name of any Israeli authority.  The Civil Airports Department seized the land
and submitted a request to the Municipality to register the lands in the name
of the Municipality and the State of Israel, in "Israel Lands
Department".  It should be noted
that the Israeli authorities closed the Qalandia Airport after the breakout of
the First Intifada in 1987.

 

On 28 February
2012, the Israeli police extended the closure of Silwan Charity and Silwan
Islamic Club for one year.

 

Settlement
Activities:
 

 

Israel
has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of international
humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack Palestinian
civilians and property. 

 

On 23
February 2012, IOF moved into Soreef village, northwest of Hebron, and
demolished a water well and fields.  They
also uprooted hundreds of trees under the pretext that those lands were
"public lands." According to information collected by PCHR, the water
well was destroyed, 690 trees were uprooted, 22 dunums were demolished, and 800
meters of the fence surrounding the fields were removed.

 

On the
same day, IOF moved into al-Njasat area, northwest of Hebron.  There they demolished an agricultural
facility built on an area of 29 meters, and a water tank used for agricultural
purposes. They also distributed notices to demolish a mosque, a school and 19
shelters of Bedouins in Kherbet Janba, south of Hebron

 

On 26
February 2012, IOF sent a military notice confiscating approximately 21 dunums
in Sartah, Hares and Qarawet Bani Hassan villages, north of Salfit.  In his testimony to PCHR, Abdul Aziz ‘Assi,
head of the Municipality of Qarawet Bani Hassan, said that this land surrounds
"Burkan" settlement, west of Salfit. 
The land was confiscated a year ago, when IOF surrounded it with barbed
wires to prevent the Palestinians from entry, paving the way to arrest them
under a security pretext.  IOF have been
preventing people from entering the land so far."

 

In
the same context, on 27 February 2012, an Israeli settler fired at a number of
Palestinians shepherds while they were in their lands, south of Hebron. According
to information collected by PCHR, an Israeli armed settler tried to take some
sheep.  The shepherds fought with him; as
a result, the settler fired at the sheep and shepherd.  However, no injuries were reported.

 

On
28 February 2012, a group of settlers living in Hebron settlements entered
al-Nabi Yunis area, north of Hebron. 
They entered through the eastern entrance of the area by 7 Israeli
vehicles before military and police vehicles followed them to make them leave
the area. However, no incidents were reported.

 



 

Israeli
Violations Documented during the Reporting Period (23- 29 February 2012)

 

1. Incursions into
Palestinian Areas and Attacks on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West
Bank and the Gaza Strip

 

Thursday, 23 February 2012

 

At approximately 00:40, IOF moved
into ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time and raided and searched a
number of houses. Before withdrawing at approximately 06:00, IOF arrested 7
Palestinians, including 2 children:

 

1. Ja’afar Ahmed Hussein, 21;

2. Mohammed Samir Hassan Abu Haneya, 20;

3. Udai Mohammed Said Salama, 20;

4. Talal Taher Salim, 21;

5. Ihab Taleb Mahmoud Masha’al, 17;

6. Uthman Salim Samir, 12; and

7. Ahmed Yousef Salama Salim, 19.

 

At approximately 00:30, IOF raided
‘Ein Beit al-Ma’a refugee camp, west of Nablus. They patrolled in the streets
for some time and raided and searched a number of houses. Before withdrawing at
approximately 05:00, IOF arrested 7 Palestinian and transferred them to
"Howwara" detention center, south of Nablus:

1. Fawzi Issa al-Hersh, 25;

2. Ali Yousef Mahmoud Ma’arouf, 26;

3. Asad Abdul Karim Said, 19;

4. Ayman Naser Ma’arouf, 20;

5. Mohammed Khaled al-Bouhi, 20;

6. Salah Suleiman Abu al-Rish, 20; and

7. Imad Ramadan Ahmed Shahin, 19, who has many health problems.

 

 In the dawn hours, IOF backed by military
vehicles and a large bulldozer raided Fahma village, southwest of Jenin. While
patrolling in the streets, the bulldozer got stuck in a bystreet of 3 meters in
width in the center of the village. While the driver was trying to get the
bulldozer out of the bystreet, he demolished the external wall of a house
belonging to Ahmed Sedqi Ahmed Ali "Nawasra", 50, a part of an old
wall, and a water well belonging to Adnan Yousef Hassan Mara’aba, 46.  IOF withdrew later and no further incidents
were reported.  

 

At approximately 08:50, IOF moved
into Kafr Ne’ma village, west of Ramallah. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were
reported.

 

At approximately 09:30, IOF moved
into Ramon village, northeast of Ramallah. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were
reported.

 

At approximately 10:00, IOF
moved into ‘Abween village, northwest of Ramallah.  They patrolled in the streets for some
time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests
were reported.

 

Also at approximately 10:30, IOF moved
into al-Janya village, northwest of Ramallah. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were
reported.

 

At approximately 11:00, IOF moved
into Shweika suburb, north of Tulkarm.  They
patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 13:30, IOF moved
into Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the
streets for some time and delivered notices to Palestinians requiring them to
remove greenhouses, under the pretext of the lack of license.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 17:00, IOF moved
into Beit Leed village, east of Tulkarm.  They patrolled in the streets for some time
and withdrew later.  Neither house raids
nor arrests were reported.

 

Also at approximately 17:15, IOF positioned
at the border in the east of Khan Younis, south of the Gaza Strip, opened fire
at farms in al-Sreij neighborhood in al-Qarara village, northeast of Khan
Younis. At the same time, IOF warplanes opened fired at the area. No casualties
were reported.

 

At approximately 19:00, IOF moved
into Shweika suburb, north of Tulkarm, for the second time within hours.  They patrolled in the streets for some time
and withdrew later.  Neither house raids
nor arrests were reported.

 

Also at approximately 19:00, IOF
moved into Safarin village, east of Tulkarm, for the second time within
hours.  They patrolled in the streets for
some time and withdrew later.  Neither
house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 19:30, IOF moved
into ‘Anabta village, east of Tulkarm.  They
patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were
reported.

 

At approximately 19:45, IOF moved
into ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time.  They established a checkpoint and closed the
iron gate at the entrance of the village. 
They restricted the traffic and imposed a curfew on the residents of the
village. In the meantime, they patrolled in the streets and opened fire into
the air. IOF withdrew later and neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 20:50, IOF moved
into al-Zawya village, northwest of Salfit. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were
reported.

 

Friday, 24 February 2012

 

At approximately 00:15, IOF moved
into Kafr Thulth village, east of Qalqilya. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were
reported.

 

At approximately 00:30, IOF warplanes
fired 2 missiles at a group of Palestinian members of resistance in the east of
al-Zaytoon neighborhood, east of Gaza City.  One of them sustained shrapnel wounds as a
result.

 

At approximately 03:25, an IOF warplane
fired a missile at a training site used by the Izz Addin al-Qassam Brigades,
the armed wing of Hamas, in the east of the Bedouin village in the north of the
Gaza Strip.  Windows of two houses in the
southwest of the site crushed as a result of the explosion. In addition, the
windows of the International Federation of Football, to the south of the site,
crushed. Further, the locals, especially women and children, were in panic
because of the strong explosion. No casualties were reported. The missile
caused a big hole in the training site.

 

At approximately 08:20, IOF moved
into Hableh village, south of Qalqilya.  They
patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were
reported.

 

At approximately 09:15, IOF moved
into Sonjol village, north of Ramallah.  They
patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF
withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 10:00, IOF moved
into Deir Qeddis village, west of Ramallah. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests were
reported.

 

At approximately 11:00, IOF moved
into Deir Jareer village, northeast of Ramallah.  They patrolled in the streets for some
time.  IOF withdrew later and no arrests
were reported.

 

At approximately 11:30, IOF moved into Beit ‘Aor al-Tahta village, west
of Ramallah.  They patrolled in the
streets for some time.  They withdrew
later and no arrests were reported. 

 

At approximately 16:00, IOF moved
into Deir al-Ghsoun village, north of Tulkarm. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were
reported.

 

At approximately 18:40, IOF moved
into ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 20:50, IOF moved
into Bedia village, northwest of Salfit. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 21:20, IOF moved
into al-Zawya village, northwest of Salfit. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 22:30, IOF moved
into Snira village, southeast of Qalqilya. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Also at approximately 22:30, IOF
moved into Beit Amin village, southeast of Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets for some time
and withdrew later.  Neither house raids
nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 16:00, IOF moved
into Deir al-Ghsoun village, north of Tulkarm. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 21:30, IOF
positioned at the border in the east of al-Shejaiya district, east of Gaza
City, fired a shell at a house owned by Maher Ateya Darwish al-Zaq, 48.  The shell did not explode but it caused a
hole measuring 1 square meter.  No
casualties were reported.  The house
which measures 280 square meters, located near al-Menar crossing in the east of
al-Shejaiya district, is dwelled by a family of 12 members, including 8
children.  The explosives team of the police
reported that the shell is a mortar shell, fired by IOF.

 

 

At approximately 23:00, IOF moved
into Alar village, northeast of Tulkarm. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 23:30, IOF moved
into ‘Arraba village, southwest of Jenin. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Also at approximately 23:30, IOF
moved into Fahma village, southwest of Jenin. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time and withdrew later.  Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Saturday, 25 February 2012 

 

At approximately 00:00, IOF moved into Beit Qabatya, southeast of
Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets for
some time and withdrew later.  Neither
house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 00:30, IOF moved into Jenin and Jenin refugee camp.  They patrolled in the streets for some time
and withdrew later.  Neither house raids
nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 06:00, IOF positioned at the border in the east of
Khan Younis, south of the Gaza Strip, opened fire at farms in al-Sreij
neighborhood in al-Qarara village, northeast of Khan Younis. 

 

At approximately 09:30, IOF moved into Kober village, northwest of
Ramallah.  They patrolled in the streets
for some time.  They withdrew later and
no arrests were reported.

 

Also at approximately 10:00, IOF moved into Kafr ‘Ein village,
northwest of Ramallah.  They patrolled in
the streets for some time.  They withdrew
later and no arrests were reported.  

 

At approximately 10:30, IOF moved into al-Nabi Saleh village, southwest
of Ramallah.   They patrolled in the streets for some
time.  They withdrew later and no arrests
were reported.

 

At approximately 11:30, IOF moved into Beitin village, northeast of
Ramallah.  They patrolled in the streets
for some time.  They withdrew later and
no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 19:30, IOF moved into Kafr Malek village, northeast
of Ramallah.  They patrolled in the
streets for some time.  They withdrew
later and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 23:20, an IOF warplane fired a missile at a cement
factory in Tal al-Sultan, southwest of Rafah. 
As a result, a container inside the factory was destroyed.  No casualties were reported. 

 

Sunday, 26 February 2012

 

At approximately 00:20, IOF warplanes fired at least
a missile at a tunnel in al-Salam neighborhood, south of Rafah, at the border
between Egypt and the Gaza Strip.  The
targeted tunnel was destroyed and no casualties were reported.

 

At approximately 01:00, moved into al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest
of Ramallah.  They raided and searched a
number of houses.  They fired flash bombs
in the sky and deployed in the streets and at the entrances of the
village.  They withdrew at approximately
02:30 and no casualties were reported.

 

At approximately 09:00, IOF moved into Deir ‘Ammar village,
northwest of Ramallah.  They patrolled in
the streets for some time.  They withdrew
later and no arrests were reported.  

 

At approximately 11:00, IOF moved into Beit ‘Aor al-Tahta village,
west of Ramallah.  They patrolled in the
streets for some time.  They withdrew
later and no arrests were reported.  

 

At approximately 18:00, IOF gunboats opened fire at a number of
Palestinian fishermen who were fishing 2,000 meters off the shore of Deir
al-Balah.  The fishermen were accordingly
forced to move approximately 450 meters to the east in fear for their lives but
IOF confiscated fishing nets belonging to Samir Nustafa Suleiman al-Aqraa, 42,
from Deir al-Balah, and Yousef Mohammed Musa al-Aqraa, 52, from Deir al-Balah.

 

Monday, 27 February 2012

 

At approximately 00:10, IOF moved into ‘Azzoun village, east of
Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the streets
for some time and raided and searched a number of houses.  They held ‘Adli Zaki Abdul Razzaq Radwan, 34,
for approximately 2 hours.  They released
Radwan after delivering him a notice requiring him to appear before the Israeli
intelligence.  IOF withdrew later and no
arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Kafr Qalil village,
southeast of Nablus.  They patrolled in
the streets for some time.  They then
raided and searched a number of houses. 
Before withdrawing, they arrested 10 Palestinians and transferred them
to "Howwara" detention center, in the south of Nablus:

 

1. Saqer Khaled Mansour Abu al-Sa’ud, 19;

2. Jaber Hekmat ‘Amer, 21;

3. Bahaa Mufid ‘Amer, 23;

4. ‘Inad Samer ‘Amer, 23;

5. Nasir Bassam ‘Amer, 22;

6. Deyaa Ra’ed Mansour, 24;

7. Mustafa ‘Ali ‘Amer, 22;

8. Abdullah Hassan ‘Amer, 23;

9. Tamer Mereb ‘Amer, 22;

10. Shalabi  Mereb ‘Amer, 19.

 

Also at approximately 01:00, IOF moved into Nablus.  They patrolled in the streets for some time
and raided and searched a number of houses. 
IOF withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

Also at approximately 01:00, IOF moved into al-Nabi Elias village,
east of Qalqilya.  They patrolled in the
streets for some time.  They withdrew
later and no arrests were reported. 

 

At approximately 18:00, IOF gunboats opened fire at Palestinian
fishermen who were fishing 2,000 meters off the shore of Deir al-Balah.  The fishermen sailed to the east and fled to
the shore in fear for their lives.

 

At approximately 19:15, IOF moved into ‘Azzoun village, east of
Qalqilya, for the second time in hours. 
They patrolled in the streets and established a checkpoint at the
entrance of the village.  They raided a
number of shops and held Abdul Rahman Yousef Hussein Shbeita, 25.  They questioned Shbeita and then released
him.

 

At approximately 21:30, IOF moved into Kafr Qaddoum village,
northeast of Qalqilya.  They patrolled in
the streets for some time and withdrew later. 
Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 22:30, IOF moved into ‘Azzoun village, east of
Qalqilya, for the third time within 22 hours. 
They patrolled in the streets for some time. They withdrew later and no
arrests were reported.

 

Tuesday, 28 February 2012

 

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into al-Jabryat area which
overlooks Jenin refugee camp, west of Jenin. 
They stationed in the area and dozens of soldiers sneaked in darkness
into the refugee camp. They raided and searched the house of Mahmoud Said Suleiman
Sa’adi, 32, a leader of the Islamic Jihad movement, in the center of Jenin
refugee camp. Before withdrawing from the house, they arrested Sa’adi. They
then raided and searched the house of Ali Qassem Ali Sa’adi, 2, a member of the
Islamic Jihad movement, and arrested him. The soldiers then stationed in
al-Hawashin neighborhood, in the center of Jenin refugee camp. They raided the
house of Khaled Saleh Hussein Abu Zeina, 53, and arrested him. They also raided
the house of Munir Faysal Ersan al-Qreini, 24, and Ghassan Ragheb Abdul Rahman
Sa’adi, 50, who are both members of the Islamic Jihad Movement. Al-Qreini and
Sa’adi were not at home at the time of the raid. IOF also raided the house of
Mohammed Ali Barakat Dabaya, 28, a member of the Fatah movement, in Talaat
al-Ghubs area, south of Jenin refugee camp, and they arrested Dabaya. At
approximately 05:00, IOF withdrew from the refugee camp. They transferred the
four arrested Palestinians to "Salem" detention center, northwest of
Jenin. They questioned them and released them, except Dabay, at approximately
10:30 on the same day.

 

At approximately 13:00, IOF moved into Zabouba village, northwest
of Jenin.  They patrolled in the streets
amid intensive firing.  In the meanwhile,
a number of Palestinian boys gathered and threw stones at IOF who replied by
firing tear gas canisters at the boys. 
IOF withdrew later and neither further incidents nor arrests were
reported.

 

 

Wednesday, 29 February 2012

 

At approximately 01:30, IOF moved into Nablus.  They patrolled in the streets for some time
and raided and searched a number of houses. 
Before withdrawing at approximately 05:00, they arrested 3 Palestinians
and transferred them to "Howwara" detention center, south of Nablus:

 

1. ‘Awni Mazen al-Shakhshir, 27;

2. Sabri Umar Sabri al-Zammar, 25; and

3. ‘Amer Abu Za’arour, 24.

 

In the dawn of Wednesday, 29 February 2012, IOF moved into Ramallah
and al-Bireh.  They raided and searched
the offices of Watan local TV channel. Before withdrawing, they confiscated the
broadcasting equipment from the offices, thus disrupting the broadcasting.

 

According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately
02:00 on Wednesday, 29 February, IOF raided the fourth and fifth floors in PARC
building in Qaddoura refugee camp in the center of Ramallah. The offices of
Watan local TV channel are located in these floors. At the time of the raid, 4
employees were in the offices: production director Abdul Rahman Asaad Aref
Thaher, broadcasting director Ahmed Zaki, reporter Hamza Salayma and Ibrahim
Melhem. Thaher and Melhem were in the fourth floor and were getting ready to
leave when they were surprised by 7 soldiers at the entrance of the fourth
floor. The soldiers stoop them outside and ordered them to sit down and not to
move. They raided the offices in the fourth floor without giving any
explanation. Zaki and Salayma, who were in the fifth floor, had heard firing in
the neighborhood.  They thought that IOF
were raiding the refugee camp and decided to go filming the raid. As they
arrived at the entrance, they were surprised by a number of soldiers. Salayma
filmed the soldiers but an officer ordered him to switch the camera off and
ordered him to give him the tape. Salayma stopped filming but he gave the
officer a tape other than the one in the camera. The soldiers then raided and
searched the offices. Before withdrawing, they confiscated the main
broadcasting device, 9 computers of the news department, 2 computers of the IT
department, a computer of the human resources director, 2 computers of the
production unit, a computer of the secretary, a computer of the financial
department, a laptop, tapes, and documents.

 

At approximately 03:00, IOF raided the offices of al-Quds local TV
channel in al-Quds street, opposite to al-Bireh tourist hotel.  They knocked at the external gate but the
officer inside did not open the gate as he thought that they would leave if
they do not find anyone inside. A number of the soldiers climbed the wall
surrounding the building where the offices of al-Quds local TV channel are
located and they walked in the yard. They used tools to open the main gate.
Then the officer from al-Quds local TV approached the soldiers because he was
afraid that they may destroy the gate. He introduced himself to the soldiers
and asked them to allow him to call his boss and tell him what was happening.
At this moment, they confiscated his mobile and another mobile belonging to his
work. He then asked them to allow him to open the gate so that they do not
destroy it. He opened the door and the soldiers moved inside the building.  The soldiers destroyed the door of the room
where the internet devices and the server are placed and entered to the room.
The IOF officer asked the officer from al-Quds local TV channel to take him to
the room where the main broadcasting device is located by the officer from
al-Quds local TV channel told the IOF officer that he had no idea about the
place of the broadcasting device. The soldiers went to the roof and looked for
the broadcasting device. They found it and confiscated it.

 

At approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Beit Furik village,
northeast of Nablus. They patrolled in the streets for some time.  Then they raided and searched a number of
houses included the houses of Muhsen Abdul Jabbar Nasasra, Nazir Aref Aref
Hanani, Mohammed Shehada Nasasra, Lino Hamdan Mleitat, Ahmed Mahmoud Hanani,
Kamel Mahmoud Hanani and Mohammed Suleiman Nasasra. Before withdrawing at
approximately 05:00, IOF arrested 3 Palestinians and transferred them to
"Howwara" detention center, in the south of Nablus:

 

1. Fadi Ahmed Mahmoud Hanani, 28;

2. Adli Kamel Mahmoud Hanani, 34; and

3. Maysara Mohammed Suleiman Nasasra.

 

Also at approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Hares village, north of
Salfit. They patrolled in the streets for some time.  They raided and searched the house of Nadi
Itimad Ahmed Souf, 20.  Before
withdrawing, they arrested Souf and transferred him to "Howwara"
detention center.

 

Also at approximately 02:00, IOF moved into Kafl Hares village,
north of Salfit. They patrolled in the streets for some time.  They raided and searched the house of Ahmed
Mahmoud Abdul Rahim Bouzeyeh, 19.  Before
withdrawing, they arrested Bouzeyeh and transferred him to "Howwara"
detention center.

 

At approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Deir Estaya village, west of
Salfit. They patrolled in the streets for some time.  They raided and searched the house of Kifah
Abdul Fattah Mohammed Zidan, 20.  Before
withdrawing, they arrested Zidan and transferred him to "Howwara"
detention center.

 

Also at approximately 03:00, IOF moved into Fara’ata village, east
of Qalqilya. They patrolled in the streets for some time.  They raided and searched the house of Kawwad
Abdul Khaleq Tawil.  Before withdrawing,
they arrested Fadi, 25, and Tawfiq, 23, who are Tawil’s sons and transferred
them to "Howwara" detention center.

 

1. Use
of Excessive Force against Peaceful Demonstrators Protesting Settlement
Activities and the Construction of the Annexation Wall

 

During the reporting period, IOF used force against peaceful
demonstrations organized by Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli
human rights defenders in protest to the construction of the Wall and
settlement activities in the West Bank, and in protest to the establishment of
a buffer zone in the Gaza Strip.  IOF
attacks on peaceful demonstrations resulted in wounding 5 Palestinian civilians,
including Israeli Knesset Member Mohammed Barakeh and Palestinian National
Council Member Mohammed Amin al-Jaabari. 
Additionally, dozens of Palestinian civilians and human rights defenders
participating in peaceful demonstrations suffered from tear gas
inhalation. 

 

Following the Friday Prayer on 24 February 2012, dozens of
Palestinian civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders
organized a peaceful demonstration in Bil’in village, west of Ramallah,
protesting the construction of the annexation wall.  They raised the
Palestinian flag.  They called for ending
the political division and for releasing all the Palestinian prisoners in
Israeli jails. As they arrived at Abu Leimoun reserve, Israeli soldiers
stationed in the area fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear
gas canisters at the demonstrators.  As a result, a number of
Palestinians, including Haroun ‘Amayra, cameraman of Palestine TV, suffered
from tear gas inhalation. 

 

 

Also following the Friday Prayer, on 24 February 2012, dozens of
Palestinian civilians and international and human rights defenders organized a
peaceful demonstration in Ni’lin village, west of Ramallah, in protest against
the construction of the annexation wall.  They chanted slogans calling for
Palestinian reconciliation, adherence to the Palestinian inalienable rights and
resistance of the occupation.  They clashed with Israeli troops positioned
near the annexation wall.  Israeli soldiers fired rubber-coated metal
bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at demonstrators.  As a
result, a number of demonstrators suffered from tear gas inhalation.

 

Also following the Friday prayer on 24 February 2012, dozens of Palestinian
civilians and Israeli and international human rights defenders gathered in the
center of al-Nabi Saleh village, northwest of Ramallah, to start the weekly
peaceful protest against the construction of the annexation wall and settlement
activities and to protest against the Israeli violations against Islamic and
Christian holy sites in Jerusalem.  They raised the Palestinian flag and
chanted slogans condemning IOF arbitrary actions.  The protesters walked towards the gate
erected by IOF near the entrance of the village and leading to Palestinian
lands that Israeli settlers from the nearby "Halmish" settlement are
trying to seize.  Israeli soldiers, who had been extensively deployed in
the area and near all the entrances of the village since the morning, began to
confront the protesters who wanted to walk towards the affected lands.
 Israeli soldiers fired live and rubber-coated bullets, sound bombs and
tear gas canisters at the protesters.  As a result dozens of protesters
suffered from tear gas inhalation. 
Additionally, IOF occupied the roofs of a number of houses in al-Nabi
Saleh village and transferred them into military barracks.  IOF withdraw at approximately 16:00 from the
village and no arrests were reported.

 

Also following the Friday Prayer on 24 February, IOF used excessive
force to disperse two peaceful demonstrations that were organized in the center
of Hebron, commemorating the 18th anniversary of the Cave of the
Patriarchs massacre, protesting the closure of al-Shuhada Street in the center
of Hebron, and calling for opening al-Shuhada Street and lifting the
restrictions imposed on Palestinians’ right to the freedom of movement. IOF
closed all the roads leading to al-Shuhada Street and all the roads leading to
the old city of Hebron.  They violently
confronted the demonstrators over several hours. They fired rubber-coated metal
bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at the demonstrators. Additionally,
they sprayed toxic chemicals at the demonstrators. They were also intentional
to attack medical crew while evacuating and rescuing the wounded.  Around 40 demonstrators sustained wounds,
suffered tear gas inhalation or sustained bruises as they were beaten by IOF.
Additionally, IOF arrested 2 Palestinians and an international solidarity
activist. The demonstrations were organized by the Committee for the Defense of
Hebron, the Popular Committee against the Wall and Settlements and Youth
against Settlements in Hebron. Different solidarity delegations, public opinion
leaders, PLC members, Chairman of the Democratic Front for Peace and Equality
and Knesset Member (Hadash) Mohammed Barakeh, 
professor Ghadi al-Ghazi, Hadash member, Mahmoud al-‘Aloul, member of
the Fatah Central Committee, Former Member of the European Parliament Luisa
Morgantini, and Leader of Abnaa Elbalad Movement Raja Eghbareyeh participated
in the demonstrations.

 

According to investigations conducted by PCHR, following the Friday
Prayer on 24 February 2012, hundreds of Palestinians and dozens of
international solidarity activists participated in a peaceful demonstration
organized by the Committee for the Defense of Hebron and the Popular Committee
against the Wall and Settlements. The demonstrators walked from farms in the
southeast of Tal Rmeida neighborhood in the center of Hebron to al-Karantina Street
that leads to one of the main entrances of al-Shuhada Street. When the
demonstrators were around 120 meters from the entrance of al-Shuhada Street,
IOF soldiers who excessively deployed in the area extensively fired sound bombs
and tear gas canisters from 5-15 meters distance directly at the demonstrators
who were unable to reach al-Shuhada Street as a result. The soldiers were
intentional to throw a sound bombs between the legs of Mohammed Barakeh and
Palestinian National Council Member Mohammed Amin al-Jaabari.  Barakeh and other demonstrators were wounded
as a result.  The soldiers pushed Barakeh
and al-Jaabari and threatened them. Then IOF brought an armored vehicle
equipped with a sprayer and used the sprayer to spray toxic chemicals at the
demonstrators. The sprayed toxic chemicals cause suffocation, inability to
breathe and losing consciousness. This resulted in confrontation between IOF
and the demonstrators in al-Karantina Street and the surroundings of the
Islamic cemetery.

 

In the meanwhile, dozens of Palestinian civilians were carrying a
dead body to bury it in the Islamic cemetery. The demonstrators opened the way
for those participating in the funeral. 
However, IOF continued firing sound bombs and tear gas canisters.  They even were intentional to spray toxic
chemicals at those participating in the funeral and at the dead body.

 

In the same time, another peaceful demonstration started from the
Prophet’s Commandments Mosque in the south of Hebron. The demonstrators walked
in Tareq Bin Zeyad Street in the south of Hebron. As they were around 150
meters from the permanent military checkpoint which is established near Abu
al-Rish Mosque and which leads to the Ibrahimi Mosque and al-Shuhada Street,
IOF who had already extensively deployed in the area fired sound bombs, tear
gas canisters and bullets from different distances at the demonstrators,
preventing them from going forward. They chased the demonstrators in the street
and they were intentional to spray an ambulance from the Palestinian Medical
Relief Committees with toxic chemicals while the paramedics where evacuating
and rescuing the wounded in the area. They also were intentional to spray toxic
chemicals at surrounding Palestinian houses, leading to confrontations in the
surroundings of Tareq Bin Zeyad school and in nearby streets.

 

IOF use of force against these demonstrations resulted in wounding
40 Palestinian and international solidarity activists. Thirteen persons of the
wounded were transferred to Hebron Public Hospital and Mohammed Ali al-Muhtaseb
Hospital. The rest of the wounded were treated in the field. Among the wounded,
5 persons sustained shrapnel wounds as follows:

 

1. Israeli Knesset Member Mohammed Barakeh, who was wounded by a
sound bomb in the left leg;

2. Palestinian National Council Member Mohammed Amin al-Jaabari,
66, who sustained shrapnel wounds by a sound bomb and who suffered from tear
gas inhalation;

3. Manal Ne’man al-Ja’abari, 35, who sustained slight burns and
shrapnel wounds from two sound bombs to the back and the left hand;

4. Rami Mahmoud ‘Atawna, 33, who sustained shrapnel wounds by a
sound bomb to the right hand; and

5. Mu’tasem al-Rajabi, 22, who sustained shrapnel wounds in the
right knee and who lost consciousness due to gas inhalation.

 

In addition, IOF arrested two Palestinians; Badi’ Adib al-Dweik,
39, Fadi Hazem Quraan, 25, and an international solidarity activist. IOF
released al-Dweik and the solidarity activist later on the same day while they
transferred Quraan to "’Ofer" detention center, southwest of Ramallah.

 

On Saturday afternoon, 25 February 2012, IOF used force against
dozens of Palestinian civilians and international solidarity activists who were
organizing a peaceful demonstration in Beit Ummar village, north of Hebron, in
protest to the expansion of "Karmi Tsur" settlement, south of Beit
Ummar village and preventing Palestinian farmers from having access to their
farms in the proximity of the settlement.

 

Yousef Abu Mareya, activist from the Popular Committee against the
Wall and Settlements, reported that IOF surrounded the demonstrators in Khellet
al-Kutla area, 150 meters from the fence surrounding "Karmi Tsur"
settlement.  They attacked some of the
demonstrators and chased them in farms. 
They also fired sound bombs at the demonstrators. As a result, Abu
Mareya’s borther, Musa, 36, sustained bruises in the legs.

 

At approximately 18:00 on Sunday, 26 February 2012, IOF fired
rubber coated metal bullts, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at Palestinians
in al-Ram village, north of Occupied Jerusalem. As a result, Nader Ahmed Abdul
Rahman Abu Ezreiq, a member of the Palestinian civil defense service, from
Rafat village, west of Salfit, sustained wounds by a bullet to the right hand,
while on duty.

 

Abu Ezreiq stated the following to the PCHR fieldworker:

 

"At approximately 18:15 on Sunday, 26 February 2012, we got a
phone call and the caller told us that there were a number of civilians who
were stuck in a house in al-Ram village due to confrontations with the Israeli
occupation forces and that they needed our help. We immediately drove to the
scene. We parked our vehicle away from the confrontations between the civilians
and the forces. We started to rescue the civilians who were stuck in the house.
As we were leaving the house after rescuing the civilians, we met a number of
civilians who were running to us as the Israeli forces were extensively firing
tear gas canisters and sound bombs at them. I saw a number of civilians who
were suffering from tear gas inhalation. As I walked to them to rescue them,
the Israeli immediately fired rubber-coated metal bullets at us. As a result, a
bullet wounded me in my right hand. Another bullet hit the civil defense
vehicle. I then left the site because of my wound".

 

 

Use
of Excessive Force against Other Peaceful Demonstrations

 

During the
reporting period, many peaceful demonstrations were organized in protest to IOF
raiding the al-Aqsa Mosqu in Occupied Jerusalem and to their use of force
against Palestinians who were in the Mosque trying to confront Israeli settlers
who were trying to get into the Mosque to perform religious rituals.  As a result, a Palestinian civilian was
killed and a member of the Palestinian civil defense service was wounded.
Additionally, dozens of demonstrators and passers-by suffered from tear gas
inhalation.

 

At approximately 13:30 on Friday, 24 February 2012, a number of
Palestinian boys gathered near Qalandia checkpoint, north of Occupied
Jerusalem, to organize a peaceful demonstration in protest to IOF attempts to
raid the al-Aqsa Mosque.  They chanted
slogans calling for an end to the Israeli occupation and the closure of all the
Israeli prisons, and other slogans condemning IOF repressive policy against
Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails and attacks on the al-Aqsa Mosque. Then they
walked to Qalandia checkpoint.  Before
they arrived at the checkpoint, IOF fired rubber-coated metal bullets, live
bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters. 
The demonstrators responded by throwing stones at IOF. As a result, a
number of the demonstrators and passers-by suffered from tear gas inhalation
including Maya Musa Rebhi, 14 months, and Nebal Ishaq, 18 months who were
transferred to Palestine Medical Compound in Ramallah for treatment.

 

On Friday, 24 February 2012, IOF used excessive force against
participants in a peaceful demonstration in al-Ram village, north of Occupied
Jerusalem, organized in protest to IOF attempts to raid the al-Aqsa Mosque. As
a result, a Palestinian civilian was killed.

 

According to investigations conducted by PCHR, at approximately
15:00 on Friday, 24 February 2012, dozens of Palestinian civilians gathered
near the northeastern entrance of al-Ram village, north of Jerusalem, to
organize a peaceful demonstration in protest of attempts by IOF and Israeli
settlers to storm the al-Aqsa Mosque.  Some of the protesters walked
towards the gate of an IOF camp, 200 meters from the entrance of al-Ram
village.  A number of them managed to set fire to tires inside the
camp.  In the meantime, a large personnel carrier arrived from the camp,
and approximately 20 Israeli soldiers stepped down from the carrier.  The
Palestinian men who had entered the camp immediately fled to the entrance of
al-Ram village.  The soldiers who were deployed near the gate of the IOF
camp fired tear gas canisters and sound bombs at the demonstrators.  They
then walked towards the entrance of al-Ram village, and the Palestinian
demonstrators threw stones at them. At the same time, one of the demonstrators,
Tala’t Abdul Rahman Diab Ramiya, 24, threw fireworks at the soldiers who were
near the entrance of al-Ram village.  The soldiers responded by firing
bullets.  Around 20 minutes later, Ramiya threw fireworks again, at around
15 soldiers who were at the entrance of the village, approximately 50 meters
from him.  It was around 16:18 when a military officer, who was positioned
behind the soldiers, opened fire at Ramiya, who was wounded by a bullet that
penetrated his right armpit and exited from his back.  Ramiya fell onto
the ground and was transferred, by a Palestinian car, to al-Salam Medical
Center in al-Ram village.  The Center was closed, and Ramiya was carried
to a car belonging to the Jerusalem Governorate. Shortly thereafter, an
ambulance from a Palestinian medical team arrived and transferred Ramiya to the
Palestine Medical Compound in Ramallah. At approximately 20:00 on the same day,
Ramiya was pronounced dead.  Eyewitnesses stated to a PCHR fieldworker
that an Israeli soldier, who was wearing a black bulletproof vest, fired at
Ramiya with the intention to kill him. The Israeli officer was 50 meters away
from Ramiya.  Eyewitnesses reported that Ramiya did not pose any threats
to the soldiers and that the soldiers could have used less lethal force or they
could have arrested him.

 

At approximately 11:50 on Tuesday, 28 February 2012, IOF positioned
in watchtowers at the border fence near Beit Hanou (Erez) crossing, north of
the Gaza Strip, fired at a group of demonstrators and Palestinian and
international activists in the vicinity of the crossing.  The demonstration was comprised of
approximately 50 protestors, including 5 international activists and 6
journalists.  When they approached to a
distance of 150 meters from the border, IOF fired bullets and tear gas canisters,
but no injuries were reported.

 

Saber al-Za’neen, Coordinator of the Local Initiative in Beit
Hanoun and the one supervising the demonstration, said that at approximately
11:15 on the said day, a demonstration headed to the northern area.  When the demonstrators were around 150 meters
from the fence, IOF sporadically fired bullets at them. Then they fired dozens
of tear gas canisters, while firing bullets. IOF continued firing till around
12:30.  The demonstrators were terrorized
and fled out of the area, but no injuries were reported. 

 

2. Continued
Closure of the OPT

­

Israel has continued to impose a tightened closure of the OPT and
imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the
Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza
Strip

 

Israel has continuously closed all border crossings to the Gaza
Strip for over three years. The illegal Israeli-imposed closure, which has
steadily tightened since June 2007, has had a disastrous impact on the
humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip. This closure has caused
not only a humanitarian crisis but also a crisis of human rights and human
dignity for the population of the Gaza Strip. Measures declared recently
to ease the blockade are vague, purely cosmetic and fail to deal with the root
causes of the crisis, which can only be addressed by an immediate and complete
lifting of the closure, including lifting the travel ban into and out of the
Gaza Strip and the ban on exports. PCHR is concerned that the new Israeli
policy is simply shifting Gaza to another form of illegal blockade, one that
may become internationally accepted and institutionalized.

Palestinians in Gaza may no longer
suffer from the same shortage of goods, but they will remain economically
dependent, unable to care for themselves, and socially, culturally and
academically isolated from the rest of the world.

 

 

Movement at
Border Crossings during the Reporting Period:

 

Movement
at Rafah International Crossing Point

22 –
28 February 2012

 

Day

Date

Traveling abroad

Coming into Gaza

Returned into Gaza

Wednesday

22 February 2012

782

407

40

Thursday

23 February 2012

734

560

99

Friday

24 February 2012

Saturday

25 February 2012

593

638

49

Sunday

26 February 2012

600

589

28

Monday

27 February 2012

532

473

61

Tuesday

28 February 2012

591

866

58

 

 

 

 

 

 

Movement
at Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shalom) Crossing

22 –
28 February 2012

Imports:

 

Date

Imports

Category

Amount

Tons

Number

Liters

22 February 2012

Foodstuffs

498

 

 

Agricultural materials

1,006

 

 

Various goods

Cartons of clothes

Washing machines

Refrigerators

Glass boards

Gas ovens

Water tanks

Oxen  

1,250

532

408

154

1,040

160

56

381

 

Cartons of shoes

 

3,167

 

Humanitarian aid

91

 

 

Cooking gas

184.710

 

 

23 February 2012

Foodstuffs

554

 

 

Agricultural materials

1,102

 

 

Various goods

Cartons of clothes

Washing machines

Refrigerators

Cartons of shoes

923

1,206

238

60

2,167

 

Cars

20

Oxen

200

Glass boards

1,040

Power generators

33

Electricity poles

44

Car tires

898

Humanitarian aid

3,600

 

 

Cooking gas

115.800

 

 

26 February 2012

Foodstuffs

678

 

 

Agricultural materials

723

 

 

Various goods

Cartons of clothes

Refrigerators

Glass boards

Electricity poles

Power generators

781

 

420

105

1,040

200

13

 

Humanitarian aid

4,344

 

 

Cooking gas

70.820

 

 

27 February 2012

Foodstuffs

594

 

 

Agricultural materials

884

 

 

Various goods

1,251

 

 

Cartons of clothes

 

960

 

Cars

 

20

 

Glass boards

 

520

 

Electricity poles

 

156

Power generators

 

12

Water tanks

 

106

Humanitarian aid

3,930

 

 

Cooking gas

70.770

 

 

 

 

Exports:

 

On Thursday, 23 February 2012, IOF allowed the exportation of 250,000
flowers.

On Sunday, 26 February 2012, IOF allowed the exportation of 378,000
flowers.

On Monday, 27 February 2012, IOF allowed the exportation of 7.6
tons of cherry tomatoes.

On Tuesday, 14 February 2012, IOF allowed the exportation of
124,000 flowers.

 

Notes:

 

On Wednesday, 22 February 2012, IOF allowed the entry of 40 tons of
construction steel for the French Consulate. They also allowed the entry of 936
tons of wheat.

 

On Thursday, 23 February 2012, IOF allowed the entry of 2,800 tons
of construction aggregate, 404 tons of cement and 38 tons of construction steel
for UNRWA. They also allowed the entry of 858 tons of fodders.

 

On Sunday, 26 February 2012, IOF allowed the entry of 3,780 tons of
construction aggregate and 564 tons of cement for UNRWA. They also allowed the
entry of 546 tons of fodders.

 

On Monday, 27 February 2012, IOF allowed the entry of 3,500 tons of
construction aggregate and 280 tons of cement for UNRWA. They also allowed the
entry of 780 tons of wheat.

 

 

Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing: Israel
has continued to close Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing for the movement of
Palestinian civilians. IOF have allowed only diplomats, a number of
international journalists, employees of international agencies and a limited
number of patients who suffer from serious diseases to pass through the
crossing. They have continued to prevent Palestinian civilians from visiting
their relatives who are detained in Israeli jails. The small number of patients
permitted to pass through the crossing is only able to do so under severe
restrictions that include prolonged checking.

Movement
at Beit Hanoun (Erez) Crossing

21 – 28 February 2012

 

Date

21 February

22 February

23 February

24 February

25 February

26 February

27 February

28 February

Patients

43

32

26

2

Nil

42

14

43

Companions

38

31

24

2

Nil

39

14

43

Arabs from Israel

7

Nil

14

3

Nil

25

6

14

Diplomats

8

7

13

Nil

Nil

Nil

10

12

International Journalists

2

Nil

3

1

Nil

Nil

Nil

2

International Workers

41

44

75

10

Nil

4

28

31

Travelers abroad

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Business People

100

96

90

44

Nil

90

87

96

Economic Meetings

4

Nil

5

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Security Interviews

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

2

Nil

3

VIP’s

Nil

1

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

1

Nil

Ambulances to Israel

Nil

1

2

Nil

Nil

1

3

2

Ambulances from Israel

1

1

1

Nil

Nil

1

Nil

Nil

 

The West Bank

 

Israel has imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the
reporting period, IOF imposed additional restrictions on the movement of
Palestinian civilians.

 

Jerusalem: IOF
have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian
civilians to and from the city. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the West
Bank and the Gaza Strip have been denied access to the city. IOF have
established many checkpoints around and inside the city.

On
Friday morning, 24 February 2012, IOF imposed more restrictions and established
checkpoints on road leading to al-Aqsa mosque. Eyewitnesses said that the
Israeli undercover units and police established checkpoints in the center of
Jerusalem and the entrances of the Old City and al-Aqsa mosque.

On
Sunday morning, 26 February 2012, IOF imposed more restrictions in the city.
Eyewitnesses said that the Israeli undercover units and police established
checkpoints in the center of the city and patrolled in the Old City and at
entrances of adjacent neighborhoods. The Israeli spokesperson claimed that
these measures were taken "for fear of the eruption of clashes with the
Palestinians around Jerusalem."

 

Hebron: IOF
have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian
civilians. On Tuesday morning, 28 February 2012, the Israeli Golani Brigade
that had patrolled in Hebron since 27 February 2012 stopped two dustmen from
the city, who were doing their work in the southeastern part of Tal al-Rumaidi
neighborhood, in the center of Hebron.

According
to information collected by PCHR and testimonies of eyewitnesses from the same
neighborhood; one of whom is named Khaled Basayta, reached the area at
approximately 08:30 and started their work. At approximately 10:50, members of
Golani Brigade arrived and obliged the two dustmen to stop working and return
part of the garbage near the house of Abu Haikal family. After the intervention
of Lina Jameel Rateb Abu Haikal, 42, who told IOF about the illegality of
stopping dustmen from cleaning and detaining them, an Israeli officer detained
Abu Haikal with the two dustmen inside an olive field that is adjacent to the
houses of Abu Haikal and al-Haddad. They all were detained from 11:00-13:00, as
they were released after IOF threatened the two dustmen of being subjected to
punishment and warned them against entering the area.

Lina
Abu Haikal said that the garbage, which was removed from the area, was
originally the settlers’ garbage that is deliberately thrown at the entrances
of her house and other houses. She stressed that IOF called the Israeli police
and an officer who introduced himself as an officer from the "Civil
Administration" after detaining her and the two dustmen.

Two
field workers from B’Tselem, the Israeli Information Center for Human Rights,
arrived at the area: Mosa Mahmoud Abu Hashhash and Manal No’man al-Ja’bari.
They went there to investigate the incident; however, IOF detained them for
approximately 30 minutes before releasing them.

 

Also
in the afternoon on the same day, IOF established a new military site in the
southern part of Tal al-Rumaida neighborhood, in the center of Hebron.
According to investigations conducted by PCHR and testimonies of eyewitnesses,
at approximately 13:00, the Israeli soldiers from Golani Brigade patrolling in
the area set up a military tent in the center of a dirt road, in which they
prevented the Palestinians in the southern and eastern parts of the
neighborhood from reaching their homes by cars. Besides, the Palestinians would
pass under more restrictions. It should be noted that IOF closed by huge cement
blocks another dirt road last month.

 

Qalqilya: IOF
have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian
civilians. On Thursday, 23 February 2012, IOF established 5 checkpoints throughout
Qalqilya.

At
approximately 12:30 on Friday, 24 February 2012, IOF established a checkpoint
between Jayyous and Kafr Jamal villages, northeast of Qalqilya. As a result,
they arrested Morad Salah Nofal and Salah Salah Nofal, but they were released
at 12:45 after the intervention of the military liaison. At approximately
15:00, IOF established a checkpoint at the eastern entrance of Qalqilya.

On
Saturday, 25 February 2012, IOF established 4 checkpoints throughout Qalqilya.

 

Tulkarm: IOF
have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian
civilians. At approximately 10:30 on Thursday, 23 February 2012, IOF
established a checkpoint at the entrance of Beit Leed village, east of Tulkarm.
At approximately 18:00 on the same day, IOF positioned at ‘Ennab checkpoint on
Tulkarm-Nablus road, east of Tulkarm, imposed more restrictions on the movement
of Palestinians.

 

At approximately
14:00 on Friday, 24 February 2012, IOF positioned at ‘Ennab checkpoint on
Tulkarm-Nablus road, east of Tulkarm, imposed more restrictions on the movement
of Palestinians. At approximately 18:00, IOF established a checkpoint at the
entrance of Far’oun village, south of Tulkarm. 

 

Jenin:
IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of
Palestinian civilians. At approximately 09:30 on Thursday, 23 February 2012,
IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of ‘Arraba village, south of
Jenin.  They also established a
checkpoint at the entrance of Sanour village, southeast of Jenin.

At
approximately 15:00 on Monday, 27 February 2012, IOF established a checkpoint
at the entrance of Zabbouba village, northwest of Jenin. 

 

3. Efforts
to Create a Jewish Majority in East Jerusalem

 

Israeli
occupation authorities have continued to make persistent efforts to create a
Jewish majority in East Jerusalem and expel Palestinian civilians from the
city.

 

On
23 February 2012, Israeli Newspaper Ma’ariv published that the Israeli
Municipality’s District Committee for Planning and Building in Jerusalem
recently registered the land of the Qalandia Airport in the name of the Israeli
Municipality in Jerusalem and the name of the State of Israel. Ma’ariv revealed
that the said land was not previously registered in the name of any Israeli
authority. The Civil Airports Department seized the land and submitted a
request to the Municipality to register the lands in the name of the
Municipality and the State of Israel, in "Israel Lands Department".
It should be noted that the Israeli authorities closed the Qalandia Airport
after the breakout of the First Intifada in 1987.

 

The
newspaper added that the Israeli Minister of Transportation, Yezrael Katz, had
for a committee to study the case of the Qalandia Airport. The committee
decided to transfer the lands of the airport to the Israeli Municipality, which
subsequently decided to establish an industrial zone on the land and to
transfer the equipment of the Municipality to these lands. Hagit Ofran, the
Settlement Watch Director for the Israeli Peace Now movement, said that
transforming the transport into an industrial zone would destroy any
opportunities for the establishment of the two states, adding that: "I do
not care in whose name the land will be register. It must be transferred to the
Palestinian Authority".

 

On
28 February 2012, the Israeli police extended the closure of Silwan Charity and
Silwan Islamic Club for one year.

 

 

4. Settlement
Activities and Attacks by Settlers against Palestinian Civilians and Property

 

Israel
has continued its settlement activities in the OPT in violation of
international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers have continued to attack
Palestinian civilians and property.

 

On
Thursday morning, 23 February 2012, IOF moved into Soreef village, northwest of
Hebron, and demolished a water well and a fields. They also uprooted hundreds
of trees under the pretext that those lands were "public lands."

In
their testimony to PCHR, the lands’ owners and head of Soreef Municipality said
that:

"At
approximately 02:00 on the same day, IOF supported by military vehicles and
bulldozers moved into Deir Mosa and Heelet al-Wahadeen areas respectively, northwest
of Soreef. At approximately 04:00, before they withdrew at approximately 08:30,
IOF started the demolition and uprooting of trees in many fields belonging to 4
families from the village.

As a
result of the attack, a water well was destroyed, 690 trees were uprooted, 22
dunums were demolished and 800 meters of the fence surrounding the fields were
removed.

The
targeted lands and facilities belong to:

 

1. Mohammed
Ahmed Abdullah al-Qadi;

2. Mohammed
Lafi Ahmed Ghneimat;

3. Ishaq
Abdul Fattah Abdullah al-Qadi; and

4. Suliman
Mosa Othman Ghneimat.

 

In
his testimony to PCHR, Mohammed Ghneimat said that IOF prevented him from
approaching his targeted fields when IOF were demolishing them. They also used
toxic substances on the trunks of trees after they saw them. Ghneimat pointed
that the targeted fields are 3 kilometers away from the annexation wall.

It
should be noted that IOF had sent 8 notices to a number of Palestinians in the
village through an officer in the "Civil Administration". The notices
states stopping the construction works in their houses under the pretext that
they did not obtain licenses from the Israeli authorities. These house belong
to Yusef Mohammed Abdul Latif Ghneimat, Abdullah Hussein Ghneimat, Mahmoud
Ahmed al-Hour, Ibrahim Mohammed Attallah al-Hour, Hussein Suliman Na’eem and
Mohammed Mahmoud Ghneimat.

 

At
approximately 07:00 on the same day, IOF moved into al-Njasat area, northwest
of Hebron. They demolished an agricultural facility that is built on an area of
29 meters and a water tank used for agricultural purposes, which both belong to
Ahmed Mosa Othman Dababsah, from Noba village.

 

On the
same day also, IOF distributed notices to demolish a mosque, a school and 19
shelters of Bedouins in Kherbet Janba, south of Hebron.

According
to information collected by PCHR and testimony of Othman Jabareen, a member of
the National Committee in Msafer Yatta area, the Israeli notices provide the
demolition of a school consisting of 3 rooms, a mosque established in the area
from 1999 and 19 shelters of tin and tents. The shelters and tents belong to
Khaled Hussein Jebreel, No’man Mohammed Mahmoud Jebreel, Isam Isa Yunis,
Ibrahim Isa Rab’i and others.

 

At
approximately 09:30 on Sunday, 26 February 2012, IOF sent a military notice to
confiscate approximately 21 dunums in Sartah, Hares and Qarawet Bani Hassan
villages, north of Salfit.

In
his testimony to PCHR, Abdul Aziz ‘Assi, head of the Municipality of Qarawet
Bani Hassan, said that this land surrounds "Burkan" settlement, west
of Salfit. The land was confiscated a year ago, when IOF surrounded it by
barbed wires to prevent the Palestinians from entry paving the way to
confiscate them under security reasons. IOF have been preventing people from
entering the land so far. It was found that there was no land to be confiscated
in Qarawet Bani Hassan according to the notice, but the land was included as it
was previously registered in the financial record. The Hares village council
confirmed that a dunum was confiscated by IOF in Hares village to establish the
barbed wires around "Burkan" settlement. This dunum belongs to the
heirs of ‘Azzam Abed Dawood. The Sartah village council pointed that, under
this military order, 20 dunums would be confiscated. These lands belong to:
Mohammed Hussein Salah, Tayseer Mostafa Hamed Salah, Hamed Hussein Hamed Salah,
Mahmoud Yusef Abu Zahra and Wa’el ‘Abbas Sa’eed.

 

On 27 February 2012, an Israeli
settler fired at a number of Palestinians grazers while they were in their
lands, south of Hebron.

According
to information collected by PCHR, an Israeli armed settler tried to take some
sheep by force. The grazers fought with him; as a result, he fired at the sheep
and grazer. However, no injuries were reported.

 

On Tuesday morning, 28 February
2012, a group of settlers living in Hebron settlements entered al-Nabi Yunis
area, north of Hebron. They entered through the eastern entrance of the area by
7 Israeli vehicles before military and police vehicles followed them to make
them get out of the area, however, no incidents were reported.

 

Arrests
at Military Checkpoints

 

On
Thursday, 23 February 2012, IOF re-established their presence at a checkpoint
at the northern entrance of Nablus (checkpoint 17) and arrested Baha’ Salama
Mahmoud ‘Awad, 27, from Jenin. Eyewitnesses said that IOF stopped vehicles and
checked the IDs of Palestinians passing through the checkpoint. As a result,
‘Awad was arrested. It should be noted that ‘Awad is a Palestinian policeman in
Nablus.

 

At
approximately 18:30 on the same day, IOF positioned at the southern area of
Hebron arrested Sa’di Nafez Sa’di al-Atrash, 21, from Hebron. Al-Atrash was
arrested after he had been detained by an Israeli soldier at a checkpoint
leading to the Ibrahimi mosque. He was arrested under the pretext that he was
wanted to IOF. Al-Atrash was transported to the Israeli police station near
"Kiryat Arba" settlement, southeast Hebron before he was transported
to "Kfar Etzion" detention center.

 

At approximately
19:00, IOF positioned at a checkpoint at the entrance of al-Tabaqa viallge,
south of Hebron, arrested Ezz Eddin Salama Salama Hreibat, 20, and Ra’ed
Mohammed Shnan, 20, from the said village. They were detained under the pretext
of "throwing stones" at the Israeli soldiers and were transported to
"Kfar Etzion" detention center, southwest of Bethlehem.

According
to information collected by PCHR, Hreibat was subjected to beating by 5
soldiers under detention. The soldiers put him at the military jeep and started
beating him throughout his body, especially the head and legs. When visiting
him, his lawyer noticed the obvious signs of beating, particularly his right
hand that had been still bleeding. Hreibat requested the administration of the
detention center to offer him medical treatment, but they refused.

 

At
approximately 14:00 on Friday 24 February 2012, IOF positioned and patrolled at
Tareq Ben Zeyad Street, south of Hebron, arrested Tayseer Taleb Othman Abu
Sneina, 20, from Hebron. Abu Sneina was detained under the pretext of
"throwing stones" after IOF were chasing the Palestinians following
dispersing a peaceful demonstration. He was transported to the Israeli police
station near "Kiryat Arba" settlement, southeast of Hebron, before
transporting him to "Kfar Etzion" detention center, southwest of
Bethlehem.

 

At
approximately 18:00 on Saturday, 25 February 2012, IOF patrolled in the
vicinity of "Ma’on" Settlement, south of Hebron, arrested Tareq
Ibrahim Abu Jundiya, 16, and Yusef Omar Abu Jundiya, 16, after they were
detained while grazing sheep in lands belonging to their families. They were
transported to the Israeli police station near "Kiryat Arba"
settlement, southeast of Hebron. An activist in the Committee against
Settlement in the east of Yatta, Naser al-Nawaj’a, said that the detention of
those two children is a part of continues attacks against grazers in order to
prevent them from sheep grazing in the vicinity of the settlement.

 

On
Monday 27 February 2012, IOF positioned at a permanent checkpoint, south of
Hebron, arrested the Mohanned Ameen Ali al-Bakri, 13, a student in al-Mutanabbi
School. Al-Bakri was detained while he was going to school. He was subjected to
beating and torture. Two hours following the detention of him, IOF transported
him to the Israeli police station, southeast of Hebron, where he was
questioned. After the intervention of the International Committee of the Red
Cross (ICRC), Al-Bakri was released on the same day.

According
to investigations conducted by PCHR and testimonies of eyewitnesses, at
approximately 07:30 on the same day, while al-Bakri was going to school, he
passed through the Israeli checkpoint, as two Israeli soldiers followed and
stopped him 45 meters away from the school. One of them grabbed him and kicked
him on his legs.  Al-Bakri fell down, the
Israeli soldier stepped on him, handcuffed him and tortured him for two hours.
He was then transported to the Israeli police station to be detained under the
pretext that he "picked a bullet up and intended to throw it at the
soldiers."

 

In
his testimony to PCHR, the school headmaster Akram Khalil Suliman Zama’ra, 48,
said:

 

"Mohanned
al-Bakri is a student in the eighth grade. After he passed through the Israeli
checkpoint as usual going to school, two Israeli soldiers positioned at the
checkpoint chased him after he was 5 meters away from the checkpoint. They
shouted and pointed their guns at him. They stopped him in a terrifying and
provocative way. In the meanwhile, I knew about his detention, as a result, I
immediately went out of the school. I saw a soldier who was grabbing the boy
and kicking him on his legs until the boy fell down on the ground. The soldier
stepped on al-Bakri before taking his bag, deliberately scattering its contents
on the ground and ripped the bag. I intervened to stop torturing the boy before
his father arrived, but they pushed me away and ordered me to go back to school
at gun point. In the meantime, other 6 soldiers arrived and transported the boy
to the checkpoint, where he was handcuffed and forced to sit on the ground. At
approximately 09:30, an Israeli jeep arrived and transported al-Bakri to the
Israeli police station near "Kiryat Arba" settlement. He was detained
under the pretext of "picking up a bullet to throw it on the
soldiers". The boy told me after he was released that he was questioned on
what they claimed about the bullet. He totally negated the charge, but he was
placed under great pressure to admit it. After making calls with the
representative of ICRC in Hebron, he intervened and went to the said police
station. Al-Bakri was released at approximately 12:30 on the same day. After I
had met the boy, I felt he was negatively affected by that attack."

 

According
to investigations conducted by PCHR and testimony of the school headmaster, IOF
positioned at the checkpoint for 9 years always stop and detain teachers and
students of that school. They also beat and torture them while going to school
or getting back home. In this context, 112 students out of 268 ones studying in
that school pass twice through this checkpoint. These students are subjected to
detention, search and verbal insults daily. In the past few weeks, 27 students
in the first and second grades were subjected to beating when they crossed the
checkpoint. Besides, the 14 teachers and workers of the school are subjected to
search and detention to hours, as a result, the educational process is
negatively affected.  The latest attack
against teachers took place when IOF deliberately detained 4 teachers at
approximately 12:30 on Thursday, 23 February 2012. The teachers are: Bashar
al-Natsha, Ibrahim Zahda, Safwat Tneina and Mohanned al-Za’tary. IOF claimed
that their detention was a part of "security check".

 

On
Tuesday, 28 February 2012, IOF established a checkpoint at the entrance of
Qalqilya. They checked the IDs of Palestinians passing through the checkpoint
and arrested Ma’zouz Abdul Rahman Mohammed Kleib, 20, from Hares village, north
of Salfit. He was transported to Hawarah prison, south of Nablus. It should be
noted that Kleib is a member in the Palestinian National Security Service.

 

 

 

………………………………………………………

Recommendations to the International
Community

 

 

1. PCHR calls upon the High
Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to fulfill their legal and
moral obligations under Article 1 of the Convention to ensure Israel’s respect
for the Convention in the Occupied Palestinian Territory. PCHR believes that
the conspiracy of silence practiced by the international community has
encouraged Israel to act as if it is above the law and encourages Israel
continue to violate international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

2. PCHR calls upon the High
Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to convene a conference to
take effective steps to ensure Israel’s respect of the Convention in the OPT
and to provide immediate protection for Palestinian civilians.

 

3. PCHR calls upon the High
Contracting Parties to the Fourth Geneva Convention to comply with their legal
obligations detailed in Article 146 of the Convention to search for and
prosecute those responsible for grave breaches, namely war crimes.

 

4. PCHR calls for the immediate
implementation of the Advisory Opinion issued by the International Court of
Justice, which considers the construction of the Annexation Wall inside the
West Bank illegal.

 

5. PCHR recommends that
international civil society organizations, including human rights
organizations, bar associations and NGOs, participate in the process of
exposing those accused of grave breaches of international law and urge their
governments to bring the perpetrators to justice.

 

6. PCHR calls upon the European
Union to activate Article 2 of the Euro-Israel Association Agreement, which
provides that Israel must respect human rights as a precondition for economic
cooperation between the EU states and Israel. PCHR further calls upon the EU
states to prohibit import of goods produced in illegal Israeli settlements in
the OPT.

 

7. PCHR calls on the international
community to recognize the Gaza disengagement plan, which was implemented in September
2005, for what it is not an end to occupation but a compounding of the
occupation and the humanitarian crisis in the Gaza Strip.

 

8. In recognition of ICRC as the
guardian of the Fourth Geneva Convention, PCHR calls upon the ICRC to increase
its staff and activities in the OPT, including the facilitation of family
visitations to Palestinian prisoners in Israeli jails.

 

9. PCHR appreciates the efforts of
international civil society, including human rights organizations, bar
associations, unions and NGOs, and urges them to continue their role in
pressuring their governments to secure Israel’s respect for human rights in the
OPT and to demand Israel end its attacks on Palestinian civilians.

 

10. PCHR calls upon the
international community to pressure Israel to lift the severe restrictions
imposed by the Israeli government and its occupation forces on access for
international organizations to the OPT.

 

11. PCHR reiterates that any political settlement not based on
international human rights law and humanitarian law cannot lead to a peaceful
and just solution of the Palestinian question. Rather, such an arrangement can
only lead to further suffering and instability in the region. Any peace process
or agreement must be based on respect for international law, including
international human rights and humanitarian law.

 

…………………………………………………………

Public Document

For further information please visit our website (www.pchrgaza.org) or contact PCHR’s office
in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by email (pchr@pchrgaza.org)
or telephone (+972 (0)8 282 4776 – 282 5893).