A car
burnt by Israeli settlers in al-Jalazoun refugee camp near Ramallah

Israeli forces continue systematic attacks against Palestinian civilians
and property in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt)

      

 

An old Palestinian man died due to tear gas inhalation
in Kofur Qaddoum village, northeast of Qalqilia.

 

An old Palestinian man died as Israeli forces hindered
his passage at a military checkpoint at the entrance of Ya’bad village,
southwest of Jenin.

 

Israeli forces have continued to use excessive force
against peaceful protesters in the West Bank.

 

8 demonstrators were wounded in Bil’in,
an-Nabi Saleh and Selwad weekly protests in Ramallah.

Of the
wounded were 3 children, 2 women and 2 photojournalists.

A child was
wounded in Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem.

 

 

Israeli forces launched 2 airstrikes on the Gaza Strip,
but no casualties were reported.

 

Israeli forces conducted 53 incursions into Palestinian
communities in the West Bank.

 

At
least 40
Palestinians, including 18
children, were arrested.

Contents of a house in the old town of Hebron were
completely burnt as a tear gas canister fell inside.

 

Israel has continued to impose a total closure on the
oPt and has isolated the Gaza Strip from the outside world.

Israeli forces established dozens of checkpoints in
the West Bank.

At least 16 Palestinian civilians, including 4
children, were arrested at checkpoints in the West Bank.

 

Israeli navy forces have continued targeting
Palestinian fishermen in the sea.

Israeli naval forces opened fire at Palestinian
fishing boats in the northern Gaza Strip, but no casualties were reported.

 

Israeli forces have continued to support settlement
activities in the West Bank and Israeli settlers have continued to attack
Palestinian civilians and property.

3 dunums[1]
of agricultural lands were levelled and 450 guava, lemon and pomegranate trees
were uprooted, south of Qalqilia.

A child from Deir Istiya village, northwest of Salfit,
was run down by a settler’s vehicle.

 

Summary

 

Israeli violations of international law and
international humanitarian law in the oPt continued during the reporting period
(26
December 2013 – 01 January 2014
).

 

Shooting:

 

During the reporting period, an old Palestinian man
from Kofur Qaddoum, northeast of Qalqilia, died due to tear gas inhalation when
Israeli forces moved into the village and fired tear gas canisters. In
addition, another elderly passed away in Jenin when Israeli forces stationed at
a military checkpoint at the entrance of Ya’bad village, southwest of Jenin,
hindered his passage to a hospital in the city. Also during the reporting
period, Israeli forces wounded 9 Palestinian civilians, including 4 children, 2
women and 2 photojournalists, 8 of whom were wounded during peaceful protests,
while the 9th was wounded during a protest organized at the northern
entrance of Ayda refugee camp, north of Bethlehem, but he did not participate
in the protest. In the Gaza Strip, Israeli forces launched 2 airstrikes, opened
fire at the east of Jabalia, in the northern Gaza Strip, and opened fire also
at Palestinian fishing boats, but no casualties were reported at all.  

 

Israeli forces continued the systematic use of
excessive force against peaceful protests organised by Palestinian, Israeli and
international activists against the construction of the annexation wall and
settlement activities in the West
. As a result, 8 protestors,
including 3 children, 2 women and 2 photojournalists, were wounded.

 

On 31 December 2013, a 14-year-old child from Ayda
refugee camp, north of Bethlehem, was wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet
to the right leg while he was playing around. He was taken to Beit Jala Hospital,
where his wound was described as moderate.

 

 

Incursions:

 

During the reporting period, Israeli forces conducted
at least 53 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank. During
these incursions, Israeli forces arrested at least 40 Palestinians, including 18
children.

 

On 26 December 2013, Israeli forces stationed on top
of a building around the Ibrahimi Mosque fired 2 tear gas canisters at a house
belonging to "Mohammed Jaber" Abdul Salam al-Karaki (67) in Qaitoun
neighbourhood. As a result, contents of the house were burnt and 4 members of
the family suffered severe tear gas inhalation. It should be noted that no
clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinians were reported in the meantime.

 

Restrictions on movement:

 

Israel continued to impose a tightened closure of the
oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in
the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

The illegal closure of the Gaza Strip, which has
steadily tightened since June 2007 has had a disastrous impact on the
humanitarian and economic situation in the Gaza Strip.  The Israeli authorities impose measures to
undermine the freedom of trade, including the basic needs for the Gaza Strip
population and the agricultural and industrial products to be exported. For 7
consecutive years, Israel has tightened the land and naval closure to isolate
the Gaza Strip from the West Bank, including occupied Jerusalem, and other
countries around the world. This resulted in a grave violation of the economic,
social and cultural rights and a deterioration of living conditions for 1.7
million people.  The Israeli authorities
has established Karm Abu Salem (Kerem Shaloum) as the sole crossing for imports
and exports in order to exercise its control over the Gaza Strip’s economy that
has been aggravating for years due to the shortage of imports.  They also aim at imposing a complete ban on
the Gaza Strip’s exports. 

 

Israeli forces have continued to impose severe
restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians throughout the West Bank,
including occupied East Jerusalem. Thousands of Palestinian civilians from the
West Bank and the Gaza Strip continue to be denied access to Jerusalem.

 

As part of using military checkpoints and border
crossings as traps to arrest Palestinian civilians under the pretext they are
wanted, Israeli forces arrested at least 16 civilians, including 4 children, in
the West Bank.

 

Settlement activities

 

Israel has continued its settlement activities in the
oPt, a direct violation of international humanitarian law, and Israeli settlers
have continued to attack Palestinian civilians and property.

 

Attacks Launched by Israeli forces:

 

On 26 December 2013, Israeli forces levelled lands in Ras ‘Attiyah
village, south of Qalqilya.

 

On the same day, Israeli forces, backed with 3 military vehicles and
accompanied with a vehicle belonging to
the Israeli Civil Administration (the construction and
organization department), handed  4
notices to halt construction works near 4 water collection wells under the
pretext of not obtaining a construction license. 

 

On 27 December 2013, an Israeli Infantry force moved
into the farmlands surrounding Um al-Kheir area, east of Yatta and adjacent to
“Avigal” settlement established on al-Hathaline family lands.
 They deployed in the area and denied civilians access
to their lands and prevented them to approach the water wells used by civilians
in the area to provide them with water by attacking some of them.

 

On the same day, Israeli forces, backed with two
military vehicles and
accompanied with a vehicle
belonging to
the Israeli Civil Administration (the
construction and organization department), moved into Um al-Kheir area, east of
Yatta, south of Hebron.  They deployed
between the houses. The Civil Administration officer informed civilians not to
approach the taboon oven and light it up under the claim that its smoke affects
the settlers’ houses in “Kermaeil” settlement near the civilian houses.     

 

On 30 December 2013,
Israeli forces, backed with military vehicles and bulldozers, moved into Dotan
camp, which was previously evacuated, southwest of Jenin.  They levelled the camp lands without stating
the reasons. 

Attacks by Settlers

 

On 26 December 2013, while a settler was driving near
the intersection of Deir Istiya village, northwest of Salfit, he ran down
Ibrahim Yaser Yaser Hatem Abu Zaid (7) from Deir Istiya village.  As a result, he was seriously injured.

 

On 27 December 2013, a number of settlers from “Havat
Jal” settlement outpost established on Palestinian lands, east of Hebron, cut
down 12 olive trees, which is older than 30 years, by a chainsaw and smashed
branches of another 30 trees belonging to Rashid al-Zaro al-Tamimi (56).

 

On 28 December 2013, a group of settlers from “Karmi Tsour”
settlement established on Palestinian lands, east of Hebron in Haskah area,
east of Halhoul. They performed religious rituals near water springs in the
area under the Israeli forces’ heavy guard.

 

 

Israeli Violations Documented during the Reporting Period
(26 December 2013 – 01 January 2014)

 

1. Incursions into Palestinian Areas, and Attacks
on Palestinian Civilians and Property in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip

Thursday, 26 December 2013

 

At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Surra
village, south of Doura, southwest of Hebron. They patrolled the streets for
some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Nablus
and al-Dahiya neighbourhood, southeast of the city. They patrolled the streets
and raided a number of houses from which they arrested Alaa al-Barq (21) and
Ra’ed Ya’eesh (19).

 

At approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into
al-Aroub refugee camp, north of Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some
time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into
Barqa village, northwest of Nablus. They patrolled the streets and raided a
number of houses. They arrested Karem Mahmoud Shbeib (24) and took him to an
unknown destination.

 

Also around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Hawwara
village, south of Nablus. They patrolled the streets and raided a number of
houses belonging to Nasser al-Hajj Fayez, Sa’id al-Sakhel, As’ad Jubeir and
Suleiman Abu Shehada. They arrested Abdul Haddi Sa’id al-Sakhel (22) and took
him to an unknown destination.

 

Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into Ourif
village, south of Nablus. They patrolled the streets, raided a number of houses
and withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into
al-Mureq village, west of Doura, southwest of Hebron. They patrolled the
streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were
reported.

 

In the early morning, Israeli forces moved
into Qabatiya village, south of Jenin. They patrolled the streets and raided
and searched a house belonging to the family of Ali Mohammed Ragheb Kmeil (22).
They arrested Kmeil and took him to an unknown destination.

 

At approximately 08:00, Israeli forces
moved into Jenin. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later.
No arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 09:30, Israeli forces
stationed on top of a building near "Abu al-Reesh" checkpoint at the
southern entrance of the Ibrahimi mosque in the old town of Hebron fired 2 tear
gas canisters at a house belonging to Mohammed Jaber "Abdul Salam
al-Karaki (67) in Qaitoun neighbourhood near the checkpoint. As a result, the
whole house was burnt and 4 members of the family suffered severe tear gas
inhalation. It should be noted that no clashes between Israeli forces and
Palestinians were reported in the meantime.

 

Ashraf "Mohammed Jaber" al-Karaki said to a PCHR
fieldworker:

"I live
in Qaitoun neighbourhood, south of the Ibrahimi mosque in the southern Hebron,
in a house that is about 120 meters to the north of my father’s house, which is
100 meters away from Abu al-Reesh checkpoint. Israeli forces were deployed on
top of buildings around the checkpoint where they erected observation sites
there. My family’s 2-storey house shelters my father (67), my mother Hayat
(54), and 2 brothers Hotheifa (22) and Basel (26). At approximately 09:30 on
Thursday, 26 December 2013, I headed to my father’s house to have coffee with
them as usual and then go to my work in a grocery. I entered the house and sat
on a sofa overlooking the balcony, where my grandmother was. My brother Basel
brought the coffee to me and then to my grandmother. In the meantime, I looked
at the balcony’s glass that was broken. A tear gas canister fell near my mother
and the gas spread quickly, so I started screaming ‘gas, gas’. I went out with
my father, mother and siblings. My mother could not breathe because she inhaled
the gas directly. I could not breathe well either. I went to my mother because
her health condition was bad and she was lying on the stairs. I went with my
family to my uncle Mohammed Khader’s house which is in front of my father’s. A
few minutes later, my uncle, father and I went out and saw white smoke going
out of the house then it turned into black. The windows were being broken, so
we realized that the house caught fire. I called the civil defence and emergency
services that reached the area 3 minutes later. They put out fire. The civil
defence members found another tear gas canister inside the house, but it had
not exploded. When we entered the house, we found everything was burnt. In
addition, JD 1,800, NIS 900 and a cheque were burnt and a gold ring was
missing. In the meanwhile, Israeli soldiers were around. My uncle talked to an
Israeli officer, who said, ‘Go to Ja’bara police station and file a complaint.’
It should be noted that Israeli soldiers fire sound bombs and tear gas
canisters at students going to their schools on daily basis. My mother was
taken to the Health Work Committees’ centre and received the necessary medical
treatment, as she suffered from hypertension. I also received medical treatment
due to gas inhalation. My mother went home an hour later. My father and
brothers have no place to go, as I live in a small rented house. Moreover, we
have not received aid at all."

 

At
approximately 10:00, Israeli forces moved into the centre of Hebron. They
stationed in al-Jelda area and deployed in the main road. They photographed
some buildings and facilities and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor
arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 15:00, Israeli forces moved into Zabouba
village, northwest of Jenin. They patrolled the streets for some time and
withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 16:00, Israeli forces moved into the
industrial zone, south of Hebron. They patrolled the streets and raided and
searched a number of stores. They arrested Mohammed Shokri al-Atrash (32) and
took him to an unknown destination.

 

At approximately 19:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit
Qad village, east of Jenin. They patrolled the streets and raided a house
belonging to the family of Diya’ Ahmed Saleh Reba’i (22). They handed him a
summons to refer to the Israeli intelligence service in Salem detention
facility, northwest of Jenin. Israel forces withdrew later and no arrests were
reported.

 

Around the same time, Israeli forces moved into
Arbouna village, north of Jenin. They patrolled the streets for some time and
withdrew later. No arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 22:25, an Israeli warplane launched a
missile at an agricultural land belonging to Muqat family to the east of
al-Nafaq Street in the north of Gaza City. However, no casualties were
reported.

 

At approximately 22:30, an Israeli warplane launched a
missile at Bader military training site belonging to al-Qassam Brigades (the
armed wing of Hamas movement) near al-Shuhada’ intersection, south of Gaza
City. However, no casualties were reported.   

 

 

Friday, 27 December 2013

 

At approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into Beit
Awwa village, southwest of Doura, southwest of Hebron. They patrolled the
streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were
reported.

 

At
approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Fawwar refugee camp, south of
Hebron. They patrolled the streets and stationed in the centre of the camp.
They withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At
approximately 15:00, Israeli forces stationed along the border fence, east of
Jabalia, in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire at a group of civilians who
were present to the east of al-Shuhada cemetery, east of Jabalia. However, no
casualties were reported.

 

Saturday, 28
December 2013

 

At
approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Bani Na’im village, east of
Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither
house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At
approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Daheriya village, south of
Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests
were reported.   

 

Around the
same time, Israeli forces moved into Nouba village, west of Hebron. They
patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor
arrests were reported.

 

Also around
the same time, Israeli forces moved into Bethlehem. They patrolled the streets
and raided and searched a number of houses from which they arrested Fadi Abed
Salahat (30) and Salah Ali Salahat (26).

 

At
approximately 20:30, Israeli gunboats stationed off al-Waha resort, northwest
of Beit Lahia, in the northern Gaza Strip, opened fire sporadically at
Palestinian fishing boats that were sailing within the 3 nautical miles limit.
The fishermen were frightened and sailed back fearing of being arrested or
wounded. However, neither casualties nor material damage were reported.

 

 

Sunday, 29December 2013

 

At
approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Simiya area, east of Deir
Samet village, southwest of Hebron. They patrolled the streets and raided and
searched a house belonging to the family of Jehad Isma’il al-Sharawna (34).
They kept his family outdoors and arrested the aforementioned person.

 

At
approximately 01:20, Israeli forces moved into Bethlehem. They patrolled the
streets and raided a house belonging to the family of Essam Khalaf al-Sha’er
(39). They handed him a summons to refer to the Israeli intelligence service in
"Gosh Etzion" settlement, south of the city.

 

At
approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into the centre of Yatta, south of
Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither
house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At
approximately 02:30, Israeli forces moved into Tulkarm refugee camp adjacent to
Tulkarm. They patrolled the streets and raided and searched a house belonging
to the family of Mohammed Ra’ed Damiri (22). They arrested the aforementioned
person and took him to an unknown destination.

 

At
approximately 03:10, Israeli forces moved into Bethlehem. They patrolled the
streets and raided and searched a house belonging to the family of Anas Walid
Dawood Suleiman (20). They arrested the aforementioned person and took him to
an unknown destination.

 

At
approximately 09:15, Israeli forces moved into Qalqilia. They patrolled the
streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were
reported.

 

Monday, 30 December 2013

 

At
approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ummar village, north of
Hebron. They patrolled the streets and raided and searched a house belonging to
the family of Mohammed Khalil Sabarna. They arrested his son Khalil (16) and
took him to an unknown destination.

 

At
approximately 01:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of
Hebron. They patrolled the streets and deployed between the houses. They
withdrew later, but neither house raids nor arrests were reported.  

 

Around the
same time, Israeli forces moved into the centre of Doura, southwest of Hebron.
They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither house
raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At
approximately 02:00, Israeli forces moved into the centre of Hebron. They
patrolled the streets and raided and searched a house belonging to the family
of Rajeh Redwan Salim al-Juneidi (42). They arrested the aforementioned person.
In the meantime, Israeli forces raided and searched a house belonging to the
family of Dia’ "Mohammed Hammad" Abdul Jawad al-Juneidi (30), and
arrested him as well.

 

Around the
same time, Israeli forces moved into Beit Kahel village, northwest of Hebron.
They patrolled the streets and raided and searched a house belonging to the
family of Ra’ed Ali al-Zuhoor (28). They arrested the aforementioned person and
took him to an unknown destination.  

 

Also around
the same time, Israeli forces moved into Beit Marsam village, west of Doura,
southwest of Hebron. They patrolled the streets and withdrew later. Neither
house raids no arrests were reported.

 

At
approximately 03:00, Israeli forces moved into Sa’ir village, east of Hebron.
They patrolled the streets and raided and searched a house belonging to the
family of Yusef Hassan al-Froukh (33). They arrested the aforementioned person
and took him to an unknown destination.

 

At
approximately 03:30, Israeli forces moved into al-Shyoukh village, east of
Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither
house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At
approximately 06:00, Israeli forces moved into Tulkarm. They raided and
searched a house belonging to the family of Mohanned Khalil Hamdan Qasem (20).
They arrested him and his brother Mo’men (16) and took them to an unknown
destination.

 

At
approximately 10:30, Israeli forces moved into Silet al-Harithiya village,
north of Jenin. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. No
arrests were reported.

 

At
approximately 11:00, Israeli forces moved into Jaba’ village, south of Jenin.
They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. No arrests were
reported.

 

In the
evening, Israeli forces moved into Bruqin village, west of Jenin. They
patrolled the streets and raided and searched a house belonging to the family
of Tamer Jalal Saleh Qash (28). They also raided a house belonging to the
family of Hamza Sa’id Salim Esteini (23) and arrested him as well.

 

At
approximately 23:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Samou’ village, south of
Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither
house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Tuesday, 31 December 2013

 

At
approximately 00:30, Israeli forces moved into Silet al-Daher village, south of
Jenin. They patrolled the streets and raided and searched a number of houses
belonging to Saleh Ibrahim Hantouli, Ziad Najeh Kilani and Mohammed Fares Abu
Qiyas. Israeli forces withdrew later and no arrests were reported.

 

Around the
same time, Israeli forces moved into Shoufa village, southeast of Tulkarm. They
patrolled the streets and withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were
reported.

 

At
approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into Deir Samet village, southwest of
Doura, southwest of Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some time and
withdrew later. Neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At
approximately 12:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Khader village,
south of Bethlehem. They stationed in Tal area in the old town near the school.
They chased students while going out of their schools and fired tear gas
canisters at them. They arrested Rabee’ Wa’el Issa (14) and Yazan Omar al-Seir
(13).

 

At
approximately 14:00, a group of boys gathered at the northern entrance of Ayda
refugee camp, north of Bethlehem. They threw stones and empty bottles at
Israeli soldiers, who were stationed on a watchtower in the area. Israeli
forces fired sound bombs and rubber-coated metal bullets in response. As a
result, Sami Isma’il Eliyan (14) was wounded by a rubber-coated metal bullet to
the left leg while playing around in the centre of the camp. He was taken to
Beit Jala hospital to receive the necessary medical treatment. His wound was
described as moderate.

 

At
approximately 15:00, Israeli forces moved into Mothallath al-Aqaba, south of
Doura, southwest of Hebron. They stationed at the entrance of a dirt road
connecting al-Tabaqa village, and Oyoun Abu Seif Street. They deployed between
houses of al-Shahateet family. A number of boys gathered and threw stones and
empty bottles at Israeli soldiers, who fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters
in response. As a result, a number of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation.
At approximately 16:00, 2 Israeli military vehicles moved into Mothallath al-Tabaqa
area and chased the gathering boys. They arrested 4 children under the pretext
they threw stones at Israeli soldiers: Khaled Tawfiq Amr (12); Anas Khaled Amr
(16), Ahmed Sami Abu Rahma (16) and Ayham Khaled Amr (13).

 

At
approximately 22:00, Israeli forces moved into Ras al-Joura neighbourhood,
north of Hebron. They patrolled the streets and stationed in the main streets.
They also stopped Palestinian vehicles and checked their passengers’ ID cards.
Israeli forces withdrew later and neither house raids nor arrests were
reported.

 

At
approximately 23:30, Israeli forces moved into Beit Ainoun village, east of
Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some time and withdrew later. Neither
house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

Wednesday, 01 January 2014

   

At
approximately 01:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Samou’ village, south of
Hebron. They patrolled the streets and raided and searched a house belonging to
the family of Nadi Ali Hassan al-Hawamda (27). They arrested the aforementioned
person and took him to an unknown destination.

 

Around the
same time, Israeli forces moved into Nimra neighbourhood, east of Hebron. They
patrolled the streets and raided and searched a house belonging to the family
of Monir Ezzat Dofash (25). They arrested the aforementioned person and took
him to an unknown destination.

 

At
approximately 15:00, Israeli forces moved into Qalqilia. They fired tear gas
canisters, while Palestinians organized an activity commemorating the 49
anniversary of the establishment of Fatah movement. Eyewitnesses said that
Sa’eed Nassar Ali (88) suffered tear gas inhalation as gas spread inside his
house. He was taken to the Arab Specialized hospital, but he passed away there
at approximately 23:00. Doctors failed to save his life because he suffered
severe gas inhalation that made his heart stop according to medical reports.

 

Around the
same time, Israeli forces moved Mothallath al-Aqaba, south of Doura, southwest
of Hebron. They stationed at the entrance of a dirt road connecting al-Tabaqa
village, and Oyoun Abu Seif Street. They deployed between the houses. A number
of boys gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers, who
fired sound bombs and tear gas canisters in response. As a result, a number of
civilians suffered tear gas inhalation, but no arrests were reported.

 

At
approximately 17:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Tabaqa village, south of
Doura, southwest of Hebron. They patrolled the streets for some time and
deployed between the houses with the company of masked persons. Israeli forces
withdrew later, but neither house raids nor arrests were reported.

 

At
approximately 21:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Tabaqa village, southwest of
Hebron, for the second time. They raided and searched a number of houses
belonging to Yasser Mohammed Abu Hawash, Nasser Badawi Abu Za’nouna, Shehda
Yusef Hamdan, Mohammed Abdul Hadi Abu Atwan, Mohammed Yusef Ouda, Badawi Hamdan
Abu Za’nouna, Alaa Salama al-Hreibat, Mohammed Nemer al-Hreibat, Hakim Abdul
Latif Hreibat, Kamel Taha al-Atrash, Jamil Mohammed al-Hreibat, Emas Issa Abu
Atwan, Monqez Mohammed Abu Atwan and Amin Issa Abu Atwan. The house of Amin Abu
Atwan was turned into a military site and Israeli soldiers kept the whole
family in a room. In the meantime, a number of boys gathered and threw stones
and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers, who fire sound bombs in response.
However, no casualties were reported. Israeli forces arrested 12 civilians:

 

1. Ghaleb Badawi Hamdan (15);

2. Hamza Yusef Shehda (14);

3. Omar Ahmed al-Atrash (24);

4. Riyadh Tayseer Khalil Hamdan (17);

5. Mohammed Jamil al-Hreibat (14);

6. Mahmoud Hakam al-Hreibat (17);

7. Mo’men Aref Abu Atwan (17);

8. Qusay Kamel al-Atrash (16);

9. Ali Mahmoud Ouda (17);

10. Yusef Mohammed Awlad Mohammed (16);

11. Mo’athe Isma’il Awlad Mohammed (14); and

12. Mohammed Yasser Abu Hawash (21).

 

Moreover, Israeli forces handed Ahmed Yusef
Abu Ras (28) a summons to refer to the Israeli intelligence service in
"Gosh Etzion" settlement, south of Bethlehem. They also distributed a
statement threatening the residents of the area of the imposition of fines on
each family if it was proved that any their sons had thrown stones at Israeli
soldiers.

 

At
approximately 22:00, Israeli forces moved into al-Aroub refugee camp, north of
Hebron. They patrolled the streets and deployed between the houses. A number of
boys gathered and threw stones and empty bottles at Israeli soldiers who fired
sound bombs, tear gas canisters and rubber-coated metal bullets in response.
However, neither casualties nor arrests were reported.

 

2. Use of excessive force against peaceful demonstrations protesting
settlement activities and the construction of the annexation wall

 

During the reporting period, Israeli soldiers used
excessive force against peaceful demonstrations organised by Palestinian
civilians, international and Israeli human rights defenders in protest at the
construction of the annexation wall and settlement activities in the West Bank.
As a result, 8 civilians, including 3 children, 2 women and 2 photojournalists,
were wounded.

 

(PCHR keeps the names of the wounded).

 

Demonstrations against the construction of the
annexation wall and settlement activity

 

In spite of the cold weather, following the Friday
Prayer, 27 December 2013, dozens of Palestinian civilians and international and
Israeli human rights defenders organised a peaceful demonstration in Bil’in, west
of Ramallah, in protest at the construction of the annexation wall and
settlement activities, supporting the al-Aqsa mosque and the Islamic and
Christian religious sites. Demonstrators took the streets raising the
Palestinian flags and headed to the liberated territories near the annexation
wall. Israeli forces had closed all the entrances of the village since morning
to prevent the Palestinian and international activists and journalists from
participating in the demonstration. Demonstrators marched adjacent to the
cement wall and tried to cross the fence before Israeli forces that are
stationed behind the wall, in the western area, and a large number of soldiers
deployed along it fired live bullets, tear gas canisters, rubber-coated steel
bullets, sound bombs and skunk water at them and chased them in olive fields.
As a result, a 20-year-old civilian sustained a bullet wound to the right hand.
Moreover, dozens of demonstrators suffered tear gas inhalation. And others
sustained bruises as they were beaten up by Israeli soldiers.

 

On the same day, dozens of Palestinian civilians
organised a peaceful demonstration in the center of Ni’lin village, west of
Ramallah, in protest at the construction of the annexation wall and settlement
activities. Demonstrators took the streets and headed to the annexation wall.
Israeli forces closed the gates of the wall with barbwires and prevented the
demonstrators from passing to the land behind it before they responded by
throwing stones. As a result, many civilians suffered tear gas inhalation and
bruises as they were beaten up by Israeli soldiers.

 

Around the same time, dozens of Palestinian civilians
and Israeli and international human rights defenders organised a peaceful
demonstration, in protest at the construction of the annexation wall and
settlement activities, in Nabi Saleh village, southwest of Ramallah.
Demonstrators took the streets raising the Palestinian flags and chanting
slogans against the occupation and in support of the Palestinian unity
resistance, and then they headed to the lands that the settlers are trying to
rob by force near “Halmish” settlement. Israeli forces closed all the entrances
of the village since morning to prevent the Palestinian and international
activists and journalists from participating in the demonstration. When they
arrived at the land, demonstrators were met by live bullets, tear gas
canisters, rubber-coated steel bullets, sound bombs and skunk water and were
chased into the village. As a result, 4 civilians, including 2 women and 2
photojournalists, were wounded, and many civilians suffered tear gas inhalation
and bruises due to being beaten up by Israeli soldiers. A 40-year-old woman
sustained 3 rubber-coated metal bullet wounds to the legs and the 37-old-year
woman sustained a bullet wound to the left leg.

 

The 2 photojournalists who were wounded are:

 

1. Mo’athe Ziad Hamed (27), a photojournalist at the Anatolia
Agency, sustained a bullet wound to the left leg; and

2. Abbas al-Mo’meni (40), a photojournalist at France
Press, sustained a bullet wound to the left leg as well.

 

Following the Friday prayer, dozens of Palestinian
civilians and international and Israeli human rights defenders organised a
peaceful demonstration in Ma’assara village, in protest at the construction of
the annexation wall and settlement activities. The demonstration started in
front of the Candles Cultural Centre in the centre of the village.
Demonstrators moved in the streets raising the Palestinian flag. When they
arrived at the area where the annexation wall is established, Israeli forces
started firing tear gas canisters in attempt to disperse them and prevented
them reaching the annexation wall. They also detained the activist Iyad Ali
Zawahra (33) for 2 hours.

 

At approximately 12:30 on the same day, Palestinian
civilians and international activists organised a peaceful demonstration in the
centre of Kufor Qaddoum village, northwest of Qalqilia, and headed towards the
eastern entrance of the village, in protest at the continued closure of the
entrance with an iron gate, since the beginning of the Aqsa Intifada. Clashes
erupted between the demonstrators and Israeli forces that fired sound bombs and
tear gas canisters to prevent them from reaching the aforementioned gate. As a
result, a number of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation. Israeli forces also
put Morad Ishtiwi, coordinator of the popular committee, under house arrest on
Fridays. Ishtiwi was arrested on 20 December 2013 and released on 25 December
2013.

 

At approximately 15:00, a group of boys and young men
gathered at the western entrance of Silwad village, northeast of Ramallah, on Silwad-Yabroud
road near road (60). They threw stones at the said road. In response, Israeli
soldiers fired rubber-coated metal bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters,
due to which a number of civilians suffered tear gas inhalation.  3 children were wounded: A 16-year-old child
sustained a bullet wound to the right leg, a 15-year-old child sustained a
bullet wound to the right leg and a 16-year-old child sustained a bullet wound
to the right leg.

 

3. Continued closure of the oPt

 

Israel has continued to impose a
tightened closure on the oPt, imposing severe restrictions on the movement of
Palestinian civilians in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied
East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza
Strip

 

Israeli
forces continuously tightens the closure of the Gaza Strip and closes all
commercial crossings , making the Karm Abu Salem crossing the sole commercial
crossing of the Gaza Strip, although it is not suitable for commercial purposes
in terms of its operational capacity and distance from markets.

 

Israeli
forces have continued to apply the policy, which is aimed to tighten the
closure on all commercial crossings, by imposing total control over the flow of
imports and exports.

 

The
total closure of al-Mentar ("Karni") crossing since 02 March 2011 has
seriously affected the economy of the Gaza Strip. Following this closure, all
economic and commercial establishments in the Gaza Commercial Zone were shut
off. It should be noted that al-Mentar crossing is the biggest crossing in the
Gaza Strip, in terms of its capacity to absorb the flow of imports and exports.
The decision to close al-Mentar crossing was the culmination of a series of
decisions resulting in the complete closure of the Sofa crossing, east of the
Gaza Strip in the beginning of 2009, and the Nahal Oz crossing, east of Gaza
City, which was dedicated for the delivery of fuel and cooking gas to the Gaza
Strip, in the beginning of 2010.

 

Israeli
forces have continued to impose a total ban on the delivery of raw materials to
the Gaza Strip, except for very limited items and quantities. The limited
quantities of raw materials allowed into Gaza do not meet the minimal needs of
the civilian population of the Gaza Strip.

 

The
cooking gas crisis has ranged between the ebb and flow for 9 months due to the
closure of Karm Abu Salem for security claims. 
According to PCHR’s follow-up, Israeli authorities only allow an average
of 98 tonnes of cooking gas into Gaza per day. 
This limited quantity is less than half of the daily needs, which is 200
tonnes per day, of the civilian population in the Gaza Strip during winter.  The crisis has unprecedentedly aggravated for
around six weeks due to cold weather and overconsumption in addition to the
power outage and using gas as an alternative in many uses of electricity.  The lack of diesel and benzene led to the
aggravation of the crisis as a result of using the gas cylinder for cars or as
an alternative for benzene to run generators. 
As a result, the demand on gas increased despite lack of it.

 

For
almost 6 consecutive years, Israeli forces have continued to prevent the
delivery of construction materials to the Gaza Strip. Two years ago, Israeli forces
approved the delivery of limited quantities of construction materials for a
number of international organizations in the Gaza Strip.  On 17 September 2013, they allowed the entry
of limited quantities of construction materials for the private sector.  However, on 13 October 2013, they re-banned
it claiming that these materials are used for constructing tunnels.  Last week, Israeli forces allowed the entry
of construction materials only for the UNRWA and UNDP projects.  As a result, construction works have completely
stopped leaving negative impact on manpower and all sectors that are directly
related with construction works leading to the increase of unemployment levels.

 

Israeli forces also continued to
impose almost total ban on the Gaza Strip exports, including agricultural and
industrial products, except for light-weighted products such as flowers,
strawberries, and spices.

 

Israel has continued to close the
Beit Hanoun (“Erez”) crossing for the majority of Palestinian citizens from the
Gaza Strip. Israel only allows the movement of a limited number of groups, with
many hours of waiting in the majority of cases. Israel has continued to adopt a
policy aimed at reducing the number of Palestinian patients allowed to move via
the Beit Hanoun crossing to receive medical treatment in hospitals in Israel or
in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Israel denied permission to access
hospitals via the crossing for new categories of patients from the Gaza Strip.

 

 

The Egyptian authorities allow the
population of the Gaza Strip to travel via Rafah International crossing, which
connects the Gaza Strip with the outside world. 
Only limited and specified categories are allowed, including patients,
students, persons that hold residencies in Egypt or abroad, men over 40 years,
females in all ages, children under 18, persons who hold Arab and foreign
nationalities, and members of Arab and international humanitarian
delegations.  It should be mentioned that
the crossing opens seven days a week. 
Nowadays, the crossing is overcrowded due to the prolonged procedures
from the Egyptian side, particularly after closing it for several days over the
past weeks due to Egypt’s security conditions, which has affected the
travellers’ movement in both directions.

 

 

 

Movement at Karm Abu Salem (Kerem
Shalom) crossing

24 – 30 December 2013

 

Date

Imports

Category

Amount

Tons

Number

Litres

24 December 2013

Foodstuffs

976

 

 

Agricultural materials

1,483

 

 

Various goods

Cartons of shoes

Gas cylinders

Cows

Tires

Solar panels

Generators

1,151

 

 

1,100

680

415

1,850

8

 

Humanitarian aid

1,776

 

 

Cooking gas

193,370

 

 

Benzene

 

 

187,030

Diesel

 

 

227,024

 

Industrial fuel

 

 

511,934

29 December 2013

Foodstuffs

1,745

 

 

Agricultural materials

1,850

 

 

Various goods

Glass boards

Gas cylinders

Cartons of clothes

Washing machines

Refrigerators

Electricity poles

Cartons of telecommunication supplies

1,012

 

520

60

770

176

171

19

760

 

 

Humanitarian aid

1,705

 

 

Cooking gas

162,960

 

 

Benzene

 

 

186,000

Diesel

 

 

216,000

 

Industrial fuel

 

 

538,910

30 December 2013

Foodstuffs

1,390

 

 

Agricultural materials

1,899

 

 

Various goods

Cartons of clothes

Cartons of accessories

Cartons of shoes

Refrigerators

Sheep

Cows

Gas cylinders

Glass boards

Cars

Solar panels

Tires

Generators

Washing machines

1,316

 

600

800

1,109

108

135

559

203

1,040

35

243

1,514

11

364

 

Humanitarian aid

1,440

 

 

Cooking gas

218,050

 

 

Diesel

 

 

208,150

(UNRWA)

 

Industrial fuel

 

 

701,987

 

Exports:

 

On
Tuesday, 24 December 2013, Israeli forces allowed the exportation of 9.8 tonnes
of strawberries, 35,000 flowers, 60 kilograms of mint, and 170 kilograms of
mint.

On
Sunday, 29 December 2013, Israeli forces allowed the exportation of 4.5 tonnes
of cherry tomatoes.

On
Monday, 30 December 2013, Israeli forces allowed the exportation of 5.2 tonnes
of strawberries and 75,000 flowers.

 

 

Other Imports:

 

 

On
Tuesday, 24 December 2013, Israeli forces allowed the entry of 272 tonnes of
cement for the UNRWA.  They also allowed
the entry of 546 tonnes of fodders and 546 tonnes of wheat.

On
Sunday, 29 December 2013, Israeli forces allowed the entry of 72 tonnes of
cement and 1,120 tonens of construction aggregates for the UNRWA.   They also allowed the entry of 1,131 tonnes
of fodders and 351 tonnes of wheat.

On
Monday, 30 December 2013, Israeli forces allowed the entry of 206 tonnes of
cement for the UNRWA.  They also allowed
the entry of 1,287 tonnes of fodders and 312 tonnes of wheat.

 

Empty Plastic
Containers Returned to Israel via Karm Abu Salem

 

 

 

On
Tuesday, 24 December 2013, Israeli forces allowed 4 truckloads of empty plastic
containers to be returned via Karm Abu Salem.

On
Sunday, 29 December 2013, Israeli forces allowed 2 truckloads of empty plastic
containers to be returned via Karm Abu Salem.

On
Monday, 30 December 2013, Israeli forces allowed 6 truckloads of empty plastic
containers to be returned via Karm Abu Salem.

 

Note:

 

On
Wednesday, 25 December 2013, and Thursday, 26 December 2013, Israeli forces
closed the Karm Abu Salem crossing under the claim of security reasons.

 

 

Movement at Beit Hanoun (“Erez”)
crossing

 

PCHR
apologizes for not publishing the table of the movement at Beit Hanoun “Erez”
crossing within this report, because the crossing officers did not provide
it.  Thus, it will be published in the
next report.

 

Israel has
imposed a tightened closure on the West Bank. During the reporting period,
Israeli forces imposed additional restrictions on the movement of Palestinian
civilians:

 

· Hebron: Israeli forces have continued to
impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  At approximately 07:30 on Thursday, 26
December 2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the entrance of
Halhoul, as this entrance is connected with Bypass Road (60) in al-Hawawer
area, north of Hebron.  Around the same
time, they also established a checkpoint at the northern entrance of
Hebron.  At approximately 08:00, they
established another checkpoint at the entrance of Beit ‘Awwa village, west of
Dura, southwest of the city.  At
approximately 16:00, another checkpoint was established at the entrance of
al-‘Arroub refugee camp, north of the city. 
All checkpoints were later removed, and no arrests were reported.

 

At
approximately 07:30 on Friday, 27 December 2013, Israeli forces established a
checkpoint at the entrance of Deir Samit village, southwest of Dura, southwest
of Hebron.    At approximately 15:00,
another checkpoint was established at the entrance of al-‘Arroub refugee camp,
north of Hebron.  The two checkpoints
were later removed, and no arrests were reported.

 

At
approximately 07:30 on Monday, 30 December 2013, Israeli forces established a
checkpoint at the entrance of al-Fawar refugee camp, south of Hebron.  At approximately 16:00, they established another
checkpoint in Mothalath al-‘Aqba area, which connects Dura with the western
villages, southwest of Hebron.  Around
the same time, they established another checkpoint at the entrance of Sa’ir
village, northeast of Hebron.  At
approximately 18:00, another checkpoint was established at the eastern entrance
of Dura, southwest of the city.  All
checkpoints were later removed, and no arrests were reported.

 

At
approximately 18:00 on Tuesday, 31 December 2013, Israeli forces established a
checkpoint at the northern entrance of Hebron. 
Around the same time, another checkpoint was established at the southern
entrance of Halhoul, north of the city. 
The two checkpoints were later removed, and no arrests were reported.

 

At
approximately 18:00 on Wednesday, 01 January 2014, Israeli forces established a
checkpoint at the entrance of Beit Kahel village, northwest of Hebron.  The checkpoint was later removed, and no
arrests were reported.

 

· Jenin: Israeli forces have continued to
impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  At approximately 08:45 on Sunday, 29 December
2013, Israeli forces established on the main road between Jenin, Tulkarm, and
Nablus near the intersection of ‘Arrabah village, south of Jenin.  The checkpoint was later removed, and no
arrests were reported. 

 

At
approximately 14:30 on Monday, 30 December 2013, Israeli forces established a
checkpoint at the intersection between al-Haritheyah village and Te’nek
village, north of Jenin.

 

· Qalqilya: 
Israeli forces have continued to impose severe restrictions on the
movement of Palestinian civilians.  At
approximately 14:30 on Thursday, 26 December 2013, Israeli forces established a
checkpoint on the main road between Qalqilya and Nablus, north of ‘Azoun.  At approximately 18:25, another checkpoint
was established at the intersection of Jeet village, northeast of the city.  The two checkpoints were later removed, and
no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 14:10 on Friday, 27 December 2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the
eastern entrance of Qalqilya.  The
checkpoint was later removed, and no arrests were reported.

 

At
approximately 13:00 on Saturday, 28 December 2013, Israeli forces a checkpoint
at the entrance of Amatin village, northeast of Qalqilya.  At approximately 17:20, they established a
checkpoint at the entrance of ‘Azoun village, east of the city.  All checkpoints were later removed, and no
arrests were reported.

 

 Tulkarm: Israeli forces have continued to
impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians.  At approximately 15:00 on Thursday, 26
December 2013, Israeli forces established stationed at ‘Inab Checkpoint, which
is established on the main road between Tulkarm and Nablus, east of Tulkarm,
tightened its restrictions against Palestinian civilians and obstructed their
movement to the checkpoint.  The
tightening later ended, and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 13:45 on Friday, 27 December 2013,
Israeli forces established a checkpoint on the main road between Tulakrm and
Nablus near the intersection of Beit Leed in an area known as “Abu Martein”,
east of Tulkarm.  The checkpoint was
later removed, and no arrests were reported.

 

At approximately 10:00 on Sunday, 29 December 2013,
Israeli forces stationed at
‘Inab
Checkpoint, which is established on the main road between Tulkarm and Nablus,
east of Tulkarm, tightened its restrictions against Palestinian civilians and
obstructed their movement to the checkpoint. 
The tightening later ended, and no arrests were reported.

 

A
Civilian Dies as His Transfer to a Hospital Was Obstructed at a Checkpoint:

 

On
Sunday, 29 December 2013, Faraj ‘Adel Mohammed ‘Amarnah (65) from Ya’bod
village, southwest of Jenin, passed away at an Israeli military checkpoint.  According to investigations conducted by
PCHR, the aforementioned civilian’s son said that on the aforementioned day
morning, ‘Amarnah was sick, so his son took him to Dr. Khalil Soliman
Governmental Hospital in Jenin.  However,
Israeli soldiers stationed at the checkpoint, which has been established since
24 December 2013 at the entrance of Ya’bod village, prevented him from passing
through the checkpoint.  After arguing
with the Israeli soldiers, he was allowed to pass, but he had passed away
before reaching the hospital.

 

Israeli
forces has imposed a blockade on Ya’bod village, and prevented civilians from
entering or leaving through the checkpoint. 
The Israeli soldiers deployed in the farmlands near the village denying
farmers access to their lands.

 

According
to investigations conducted by PCHR, on Tuesday evening, 24 December 2013,
Israeli forces established checkpoints at the entrances of the village.  On Thursday, 26 December 2013, Israeli forces
prevented civilians from leaving or entering the village as they closed all the
sub-entrances with sand barriers and established checkpoints at the main
entrances.  They deployed between
agricultural plains, south of the village and set up tents, which they supplied
with generators, and they intend to stay long. 
Samer Abu Baker, Mayor of Ya’bod village, said to a PCHR fieldworker
that the latest arbitrary measures taken by Israeli forces made the
municipality incapable of getting rid of waste as Israeli forces stationed at
“Movedotan” checkpoint, which is established on the main bypass road between
Jenin and the northern villages of Tulakrm, southwest of Jenin, prevent any
person holding “Ya’bod” ID card from passing through the checkpoint.  In the same context, Israeli forces seized a
house belonging to Subhi ‘Ali Abu Baker, turned it to a military barracks, and
raised the Israeli flag on its roof. 
Meanwhile, Israeli soldiers patrol in the streets of the village from
time to time.

 

Arrests and Maltreatment at military
checkpoints

 

 On
Thursday evening, 26 December 2013, Israeli forces 4 civilians, including 3
children who were playing near the annexation wall established on the lands of
Silet al-Haritheyah village, north of Jenin. 
A local source said to a PCHR fieldworker that the 4 civilians,
including 3 children, were identified as: Ibrahim Mo’tasem Ibrahim Tahaynah
(17); ‘Obadah Yousif Mohammed Shawahnah (17); Waddah ‘Abdel Rahman Shawahnah
(18); and Wajih Samer Wajih Zayoud (17). 
It should be mentioned that on Thursday, 26 December 2013, the 4
civilians disappeared, and it was confirmed by the Palestinian Liaison on the
following morning that Israeli forces stationed near the annexation wall, which
is established on the lands of the village, arrested them under the pretext of
approaching the wall.

 

At approximately 15:00 on Saturday, 28 December
2013, Israeli forces established a checkpoint at the southern entrance of
Hebron, as this entrance is connected with Bypass Road (60).  They arrested Mo’ataz Hisham Wazwaz (20), before
detaining him for half an hour.  They
later removed the checkpoint taking Wazwaz to an unknown destination.

 

At approximately
17:00 on the same Saturday, Israeli forces stationed at the entrance of Beit Ummar
village, north of Hebron, arrested Jamal Khalil Jamal Abu Hashim (27) after
stopping his car at the entrance of the village claiming that they want to
search him.  He was later taken to an
unknown destination.

 

At approximately 19:10 on Tuesday, 31 December
2013, Israeli forces stationed near “Bitar ‘Eilit” settlement, which is
established on the lands of the western Bethlehem villages arrested ‘Ali (25)
and hamdi Muhyi al-Deen Dar ‘Atiyah (28) from Wad Fokin village, west of the
city, while the two brothers were on their way to the village.  They were later taken to an unknown
destination.

 

At approximately 11:00 on Wednesday, 01 January
2014, Israeli forces detained 8 civilians, including one child, from Yata,
south of Hebron, at the entrance of Jericho after stopping their vehicle.  The 8 civilians were taken to an Israel
forces camp near the city, and released them after a couple of hours.  They were handed notices to refer to the
Israeli Intelligence in “Ghosh ‘Atsyon”,s outh of Bethlehem.  The 8 civilians were identified as: Rateb
Yousif al-Jbour (50); Khader Soliman al-‘Amour (50); Fadel Reb’ea (45); Maher
Mohammed Abu Dayyah (23); Mohammed Khader al-‘Amour (13); Hany Fayez Makhamrah
(27); Jom’aah Fadel Reb’ea (28); and Mohammed ‘Azzam Ishtayyah (35).

 

At approximately
05:00 on Sunday, 29 December 2013, Israeli forces chased a number of
Palestinian workers while they were trying to enter to Jerusalem in order to
work.  As a result, Mahmoud ‘Abdel Hamid
Mahmoud al-‘Alamah (23) from Abu al-Touq area, south of Beit Ummar, north of
Hebron, sustained muscle strain to the right knee after being pushed by a
soldier in Ahrash al-Waljah area, west of Bethlehem.  Al-‘Alamah was taken to a checkpoint in Husan
village and was then transferred to Beit Jala Governmental Hospital by a
Palestine Red Crescent Society ambulance. 
His condition was described average.

 

4. Settlement activities and attacks by settlers against Palestinian
civilians and property

 

Attacks carried out by Israeli forces

 

At approximately 07:00 on Thursday, 26 December 2013, Israeli forces
levelled lands of Ras ‘Attiyah village, south of Qalqilya.  They levelled around 3 dunums of farmlands,
uprooted 450 guava, lemon, and pomegranate trees and confiscated them.  These 5-year-old trees belong to Na’im ‘Abdel
‘Aziz ‘Abdel Hafiz Mara’abah; and Tawfiq ‘Awad Mara’abah, who both ploughed and
planted again the land in the same day.

 

At approximately 14:00 on Thursday, 26 December 2013, Israeli forces,
backed with 3 military vehicles and accompanied with a vehicle belonging to
the Israeli Civil Administration (the construction and
organization department), moved into al-Fakhit area, southeast of Yatta, south
of Hebron.  They patrolled the streets
and then deployed in the farmlands surrounding the area.  The Civil Administration officer put 4
notices to halt construction work near 4 water collection wells under the
pretext of not obtaining a construction permit. 
These wells belong to Mohammed Ayoub Abu Subhah; Akram Abu Subhahl;
Yasser Abu Subhah; and Ahmed Makhamrah.

 

At approximately 16:00, Israeli forces, backed with
two military vehicles and
accompanied with a vehicle
belonging to
the Israeli Civil Administration (the
construction and organization department), moved into Um al-Kheir area, east of
Yatta, south of Hebron.  They deployed
between the houses.   The Civil
Administration officer informed civilians not to approach the taboon oven and
light it up under the claim that its smoke affects the settlers’ houses in
“Kermaeil” settlement near the civilian houses. 
It should be mentioned that members of al-Hathaline family still live in
Um al-Kheir area on what is left of their land confiscated for the expansion of
“Kermaeil” settlement, where civilians are denied construction in their lands.

 

At approximately 11:00 on Friday, 27 December 2013, an
Israeli Infantry force moved into the farmlands surrounding Um al-Kheir area,
east of Yatta and adjacent to “Afjal” settlement established on al-Hathaline
family lands.  They deployed in the area
and denied civilians access to their lands and prevented them to approach the
water wells used by civilians in the area to provide them with water by
attacking some of them.   Of those who
were attacked was Soliman ‘Eid al-Hathaline. 
It should be mentioned that residents of Um al-Kheir area are always
subject to violations by Israeli forces and settlers in order to forces them to
leave their lands for the benefit of the settlement expansion in “Afijal”
settlement.

 

At approximately 23:00 on Monday, 30 December 2013,
Israeli forces, backed with military vehicles and bulldozers, moved into Dotan
camp, which was previously evacuated, southwest of Jenin.  They levelled the camp lands without knowing
the reasons.  Israeli forces evacuated
the aforementioned camp in September 2005 after they had occupied it in 1967.

 

Attacks by settlers

 

At approximately 13:30
on Thursday, 26 December 2013, while a settler was driving near the
intersection of Deir Istiya village, northwest of Salfit, he ran over Ibrahim Yaser
Yaser Hatem Abu Zaid (7) from Deir Istiya village.  As a result, he was seriously injured.  The aforementioned child was passing Qana
Valley Road to go back home, which is next to the main street.  According to eyewitnesses, the settler
attempted to escape, but a truck driver stopped his truck crosswise to the
middle of the street, and prevented the settler from escaping.  The child was transferred to a hospital
inside Israel to receive medical treatment.

 

In the early morning of
on Friday, 27 December 2013, a number of settlers from “Hafat Jal” outpost
established on Palestinian lands, east of Hebron, cut down 12 olive trees,
which is older than 30 years, by a chainsaw and smashed branches of another 30
trees belonging to Rashid al-Zaro al-Tamimi (56).

Rashed Hamed al-Zaro
(19), nephew of Rashed al-Zaro, said to a PCHR fieldworker:

“I live in the area of
Jales mountain, east of Hebron, between “Karyat Arbaa’” settlement and “Hafat
Jal” outpost.  We have a 13-dunum land
planted with different trees and divided between my father and my uncle Rashed,
who owns a land planted with 60 old trees, which are older than 30 years and
annually give 1 ton of olives.  At
approximately 15:00 On Friday, 26 December 2013, I went with my uncle Rashed
and his son Amin (19) to the land after the weather depression ended to check
on the trees.  When we arrived, we found
12 trees chopped down by a chainsaw and branches of other trees smashed by
hands.  My uncle called the Police and
the Civil Administration.  After around
half an hour, two police patrols and a Civil Administration vehicle, including
an officer called “Ramy Faris” and two Israeli forces patrols as well as a
number of soldiers from a camp near the land, arrived.   The Police officers took photos of the
location, land, and the chopped trees, and we found footsteps in the land
mudslide for persons coming from the “Hafat Jal” outpost.  The police officers asked my uncle to go with
them to “Ja’brah” police station near al-Ibrahimi Mosque in order to file a
complaint about what happened.  He went
with them and comeback after 5 hours.  It
is noteworthy that settlers carried out many attacks on our land and property
in Jales area.  The most recent of these
attacks was levelling a tract of land, building a wooden caravan, and being
denied access by Israeli forces to our lands.”

 

At approximately 01:00
on Saturday, 28 December 2013, a group of settlers from “Karmi Tsour”
settlement established on Palestinian lands, east of Hebron in Haskah area,
east of Halhoul.  They performed
religious rituals near water springs in the area under the Israeli forces’
heavy guard.

 

 

 

Recommendations to the International Community

 

 

PCHR emphasizes the international community’s position
that the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, which is still
under the Israeli occupation, in spite of the Israeli military redeployment
outside the Gaza Strip in 2005. PCHR further confirms that Israeli force have
continued to impose collective punishment measures on the Gaza Strip, which
have escalated since the 2006 Palestinian parliamentary elections, in which
Hamas won the majority of seats of the Palestinian Legislative Council. PCHR
stresses that there is an international recognition of Israel’s obligation to
respect international human rights instruments and the international
humanitarian law, especially the Hague Regulations concerning
the
Laws and Customs of War on Land
and the
Geneva Conventions. Israel is bound to apply the international human rights law
and the law of war sometime reciprocally and other times in parallel in a way
that achieves the best protection for civilians and remedy for victims.

 

In light of continued arbitrary measures, land
confiscation and settlement activities in the West Bank, and the continued
aggression against civilians in the Gaza Strip, especially the latest offensive
that lasted for 8 days in November, PCHR calls upon the international community,
especially the United Nations, the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva
Convention and the European Union – in the context of their natural obligation
to respect and enforce the international law – to cooperate and act according
to the following recommendations:

 

1. PCHR calls upon the international community and the
United Nations to use all available means to allow the Palestinian people to
enjoy their right to self-determination, through the establishment of the
Palestinian State, which was recognized by the UN General Assembly with a vast
majority, using all international legal mechanisms, including sanctions to end
the occupation of the State of Palestine;

2. PCHR calls upon the United Nations to provide
international protection to Palestinians in the oPt, and to ensure the
non-recurrence of aggression against the oPt, especially the Gaza Strip;

3. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the
Geneva Conventions to compel Israel, as a High Contracting Party to the
Conventions, to apply the Conventions in the oPt;

4. PCHR calls upon the Parties to international human
rights instruments, especially the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and
the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, to pressurize Israel to
comply with their provisions in the oPt, and to compel it to incorporate the
human rights situation in the oPt in its reports submitted to the concerned
committees;

5. PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the
Geneva Conventions to fulfil their obligation to ensure the application of the
Conventions, including extending the scope of their jurisdiction in order to
prosecute suspected war criminals, regardless of the nationality of the perpetrator
and the place of a crime, to pave the way for prosecuting suspected Israeli war
criminals and end the longstanding impunity they have enjoyed;

6. PCHR calls on States that apply the principle of
universal jurisdiction not to surrender to Israeli pressure to limit universal
jurisdiction to perpetuate the impunity enjoyed by suspected Israeli war
criminals;

7. PCHR calls upon the international community to act in
order to stop all Israeli settlement expansion activities in the oPt through
imposing sanctions on Israeli settlements and criminalizing trading with them;

8. PCHR calls upon the UN General Assembly to transfer
the Goldstone Report to the UN Security Council in order to refer it to the
International Criminal Court in accordance with Article 13(b) of the Rome
Statute;

9. PCHR calls upon the United Nations to confirm that
holding war criminals in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict is a precondition to
achieve stability and peace in the regions, and that peace cannot be built on
the expense of human rights and victims;

10. PCHR calls upon the UN General Assembly and Human
Rights Council to explicitly declare that the Israeli closure policy in Gaza
and the annexation wall in the West Bank are illegal, and accordingly refer the
two issues to the UN Security Council to impose sanctions on Israel to compel
it to remove them;

11. PCHR calls upon the international community, in light
of its failure to the stop the aggression on the Palestinian people, to at
least fulfil its obligation to reconstruct the Gaza Strip after the series of
hostilities launched by Israel which directed targeted the civilian
infrastructure;

12. PCHR calls upon the United Nations and the European
Union to express a clear position towards the annexation wall following the
international recognition of the State of Palestine on the 1967 borders, as the
annexation wall seizes large parts of the State of Palestine;

13. PCHR calls upon the European Union to activate Article
2 of the EU-Israel Association Agreement, which provides that both sides must
respect human rights as a precondition for economic cooperation between the EU
states and Israel, and the EU must not ignore Israeli violation and crimes
against Palestinian civilians;

14. PCHR calls upon the Palestinian leadership to sign and
accede to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and the Geneva
Conventions, and calls upon the international community, especially the United
Nations, to encourage the State of Palestine to accede to international human
rights law and humanitarian law instruments.

 

 

 

 

 

…………………………………………………………

Public Document

For further information please visit our website www.pchrgaza.org or contact PCHR’s office in Gaza City, Gaza Strip by
email
pchr@pchrgaza.org or telephone +972 08 282 4776 – 282 5893.

 



[1] One dunum is equal to
1,000 square meters.