Strawberry and cut flower farming are two of the most important productive agricultural sectors in the Gaza Strip. They contribute approximately $US 25 million to the GNP. In addition, both sectors employ thousands of farmers in direct and indirect employment. The export season for strawberries is from 20 November till 15 January; and the export season for cut flowers is from 15 November till 25 April.
Since the outbreak of Al-Aqsa Intifada on 29 September 2000, these two agricultural sectors have been subjected to various impediments caused by the procedures imposed on border crossings, especially Al-Mentar (Karni) Crossing that is the only outlet allowing exports.
This report aims to shed light on the impact of the ongoing siege and closure of border crossings on the Gaza Strip exports of strawberries and cut flowers. The report will address how the impact of the closure reflects on the people’s enjoyment of their economic and social rights, especially the right to adequate living conditions and the right to work. It covers the period from 20 November 2007 till the time of publication, which covers the export season for strawberries and cut flowers. It is intended for the report to draw the attention of the international community on the policies and practices of the Israeli occupation against approximately 1.5 million people living in a large prison in the Gaza Strip, in violation of International Humanitarian Law, especially the 4th Geneva Convention (1949).
The full report is available in pdf format