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Israeli
Occupation Forces (IOF) Continue Systematic Attacks against Palestinian
Civilians and Property in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT)

 

· 2 Palestinian farmers were killed by IOF in the Gaza Strip.

 

· 2 activists of the Palestinian resistance died from previous
wounds.

 

· 5 Palestinian civilians, including 3 children and a
paramedic, were wounded by IOF in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.  

 

· IOF conducted 48 incursions into Palestinian communities in
the West Bank, and 3 ones into the Gaza Strip.

 

· IOF arrested 82 Palestinian civilians, including 15 children,
and 7 others in the Gaza Strip.

 

· IOF demolished 4 houses, razed 94 donums[1]
of agricultural land and destroyed 2 bird farms in al-Qarara village in the
Gaza Strip.

 

· IOF raided and searched offices of a number of NGOs,
charities and radio stations in the West Bank.   

 

· IOF have continued to impose a total siege on the OPT.

 

· IOF have isolated the Gaza Strip from the outside world.

 

· 7 Palestinian civilian were arrested by IOF at military
checkpoints in the West Bank.

 

· IOF have continued to construct the Annexation Wall inside
the West Bank.

 

· IOF razed area of Palestinian land in Hebron.

 

· IOF demolished 4 houses in Jerusalem and Hebron.

 

· IOF have continued settlement activities in the West Bank and
Israeli settlers have continued to attacks Palestinian civilians and property.

 

· IOF demolished 7 houses in Jerusalem and Hebron.

 

· 3 Palestinian civilians were injured by Israeli settlers in
Hebron.

 

Summary

 

Israeli violations of
international law and humanitarian law seriously escalated in the OPT,
especially in the Gaza Strip, during the reporting period (19 – 26 March 2008):

 

Shooting: During the reporting period, IOF
killed 2 Palestinian farmers in the Gaza Strip. Two members of the Palestinian
resistance died from previous wounds. Additionally, IOF wounded 5 Palestinian
civilians, including 3 children and a paramedic, in the West Bank and the Gaza
Strip.

 

In the Gaza Strip, IOF
killed 2 Palestinian civilians in 2 separate attacks in al-Qarara village,
northeast of Khan Yunis, on 20 and 24 March 2008. They also wounded a
4-year-old child in Wadi al-Salqa villag in the central Gaza Strip. Also during
the reporting period, 2 members of the Palestinian resistance died from
previous wounds.

 

In the West Bank, IOF
wounded 4 Palestinian civilians, including 2 children and a paramedic, in Beita
village, south of Nablus; ‘Azzoun village, east of Qalqilya; Hawara village,
south of Nablus, and Bal’ein village, west of Ramallah.

 

Incursions: During
the reporting period, IOF conducted at least 48 military incursions into
Palestinian communities in the West Bank. IOF arrested 82 Palestinian civilians,
including 15 children and a girl. Thus, the number of Palestinian civilians
arrested by IOF in the West Bank since the beginning of 2008 has mounted to 777.
During the reported period, IOF also raided and searched offices of a number of
NGOs, charities and radio stations.

 

In the Gaza Strip, IOF conducted 3 incursions into Palestinian
communities. During these incursions, IOF killed a Palestinian farmer, arrested
7 Palestinian civilians, demolished 4 houses, razed 94 donums of agricultural
land and destroyed 2 bird farms.   

 

Restrictions on Movement: IOF have continued to impose a tightened siege on the OPT
and imposed severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians in the
Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including occupied East Jerusalem.

 

Gaza Strip

 

IOF have continued to close all
border crossings of the Gaza Strip for more than one year and a half. The total
siege imposed by IOF on the Gaza Strip has left disastrous impacts on the
humanitarian situation and has violated the economic and social rights of the
nearly 1.5 million Palestinian civilian population, particularly the rights to
appropriate living conditions, health and education. It has also paralyzed most
economic sectors. Furthermore, severe restrictions have been imposed on the
movement of the Palestinian civilian population. The siege imposed on the Gaza
Strip has severely impacted the flow of food, medical supplies and other
necessities such as fuel, construction materials and raw materials for various
economic sectors. IOF have further tightened the siege imposed on the Gaza
Strip since Hamas’ takeover of the Gaza Strip, and the living and economic
conditions of Palestinian civilians have further deteriorated. In September
2007, the Israeli government declared the Gaza Strip as “a hostile entity,”
which implies imposing more restrictions and measures of collective punishment
against the Palestinian civilian population. Since then, IOF have sharply
decreased food and fuel supplies allowed into the Gaza Strip. IOF have continued to prevent the entry of
raw materials into the Gaza Strip, and subsequently many factories have stopped
their industrial activities. Concerning the movement of persons, IOF allow a
few Palestinian civilians to pass through Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing to travel
to the West Bank.
Rafah International Crossing Point on the Egyptian border is the
sole outlet for the Gaza Strip to the outside world. IOF have closed Rafah
International Crossing Point, even though they do not directly control it. They
have prevented European observers working at the crossing point form reaching
it. 

 

The closure of border crossings deprives the Palestinian
civilian population in the Gaza Strip of their right to freedom of movement,
education and health. IOF have continued to impose severe restrictions on
fishing in the Gaza Strip. Fishermen have been subjected to intensive
monitoring by IOF, which use helicopter gunships and gunboats to monitor the
fishermen. The Oslo Accords allow Palestinian fishermen to go fishing up to 20
nautical miles away from the Gaza seashore.

 

West Bank

 

IOF have continued to
impose severe restrictions on the movement of Palestinian civilians. Thousands
of Palestinian civilians from the West Bank and the Gaza Strip have been denied
access to Jerusalem. IOF have established many checkpoints around and inside
the city. Restrictions of the movement of Palestinian civilians often escalate
on Fridays to prevent them from praying at the al-Aqsa Mosque. IOF often
violently beat Palestinian civilians who attempt to bypass checkpoints and
enter the city. IOF have also tightened the siege imposed on Palestinian
communities in the West Bank. IOF positioned at various checkpoints in the
West Bank have continued to impose severe restrictions on the movement of
Palestinian civilians. IOF also erected more checkpoints on the main roads and
intersections in the West Bank. During the reporting period, IOF troops
positioned at various checkpoints in the West Bank arrested 7 Palestinian
civilians.

 

Annexation Wall: On 19 March 2008, IOF razed large
areas of Palestinian agricultural land in the villages of al-Burj, Deir
al-‘Assal, Sikka and al-Majd, southwest of Hebron, to establish a settler road
between the Negev inside Israel and Israeli settlements established on
Palestinian land to the northwest of Hebron. During the reporting period, IOF
demolished 4 houses in Jerusalem and Jenin near the Annexation Wall.

 

Settlement Activities: IOF have continued settlement
activities and Israeli settlers living in the OPT in violation of
international humanitarian law have continued to attack Palestinian civilians
and property. During the reporting period, IOF demolished 7 houses in Jerusalem
and Hebron. Israeli settlers living in the center of Hebron attacked Palestinian
civilians in the town and injured 3 of them.

 

 

Israeli Violations Documented during
the Reporting Period (19 – 26 March 2008)

 

The full report is available PDF format.

 



[1] 1 donum is
equal to 1,000 square meters.